efoi20131231_10k.htm

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

 

Commission file number 0-24230

ENERGY FOCUS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

DELAWARE

 

94-3021850

(State of incorporation) 

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

32000 Aurora Road
Solon, Ohio 44139

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 440.715.1300

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:

 

Title of Each Class

Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined by Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933. Yes No ☑

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes  No ☑

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☑ No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Date File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☑ No 

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.

Large accelerated filer 

 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) 

 

Smaller reporting company ☑ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No ☑

 

The aggregate value of the Company’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the Company was approximately $14.3 million as of June 30, 2013, the last day of the Company’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, when the last reported sales price was $0.41 per share.

 

Number of the registrant’s shares of common stock outstanding as of March 25, 2014: 51,436,937

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference

 

Portions of the Proxy Statement for the 2014 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 

 
 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

Page

     

Item 1.

Business

3

     

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

7

     

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

14

     

Item 2.

Properties

14

     

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

14

     

Item 4.

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

14

     
 

PART II

 
     

Item 5.

Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

16 
     

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

17

     

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

     

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

29

     

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures

60

     

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

60

     

Item 9B.

Other Information

60

     
 

PART III

 
     

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance

61

     

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

61

     

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

61

     

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

61

     

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

62

     
 

PART IV

 
     

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

62

     
 

Signatures

63

     
 

Exhibit Index

64

 

 
1

 

 

PART I

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

All references to “Energy Focus,” “we,” “us,” “our,” or “the Company” means Energy Focus, Inc. and its subsidiaries, except where it is made clear that the term means only the parent company.

 

Statements and information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements. When used in this report, the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “assumes,” “estimates,” “evaluates,” “opinions,” “forecasts,” “may,” “could,” “future,” “forward,”, “plans”, “potential,” “probable,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this Report on Form 10-K include statements regarding Energy Focus’ expectations, intentions, beliefs, and strategies regarding the future, including but not limited to; growth in the markets into which Energy Focus sells; conditions of the lighting industry and the economy in general; statements as to our competitive position; future operating results; net sales growth; expected operating expenses; gross product margin improvement; sources of net sales; anticipated revenue from government contracts; product development and enhancements; liquidity, ability to generate cash and cash reserves; our reliance upon a limited number of customers; our accounting policies; the effect of recent accounting announcements; the development and marketing of new products; relationships with customers and distributors; relationships with, dependence upon, and the ability to obtain components from suppliers; as well as our remarks concerning our ability to compete in certain markets; the evolution and future size of those markets; seasonal fluctuations; plans for and expected benefits of outsourcing and offshore manufacturing; trends in the price and performance of light-emitting diode (“LED”) lighting products; the benefits and performance of our lighting products; the adequacy of our current physical facilities; our strategy with regard to protecting our proprietary technology; and our ability to retain qualified employees.

 

These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. We may make other forward-looking statements from time to time, including in press releases and public conference calls and webcasts. All forward-looking statements made by Energy Focus are based on information available to us at the time the statements are made, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. It is important to note that the forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those included in such forward-looking statements. Some of these risks and uncertainties are discussed below in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.

 

Energy Focus ® and Intellitube® are our registered trademarks. We may also refer to trademarks of other corporations and organizations in this document.

 

 
2

 

 

Item 1. Business

 

Overview

 

Energy Focus, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (“Energy Focus”), designs, develops, manufactures, and markets energy-efficient LED lighting products, and is a leading provider of turnkey, energy-efficient, lighting retrofit solutions in the governmental and public sector market, and general commercial market. Energy Focus’ LED lighting technology offers significant energy savings, heat dissipation and maintenance cost benefits over conventional lighting for multiple applications. The Company was founded in 1985 as Fiberstars, Inc., and changed its name to Energy Focus, Inc. and incorporated in Delaware in May 2007.

 

Our business operates in the following two segments:

 

 

Products: providing military, general commercial and industrial energy-efficient LED lighting offerings; and

 

Solutions: providing turnkey, high-quality, energy-efficient LED lighting application alternatives, primarily to the existing public-sector building market.

 

In November 2013, the Company sold and discontinued its pool products business, and is focusing its resources solely on its LED lighting retrofit business. The “Gain (loss) from discontinued operations” caption on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Annual Report”) includes the operations associated with the pool products business. See Note 3, Sale of Discontinued Operations, included in Item 8 for further information relating to the sale of this business.

 

Our Products

 

We produce, source, and/or market a wide variety of lighting technologies to serve two primary markets: the U.S. military, and commercial and industrial buildings. Our offerings include the following products:

 

 

LED luminares and fixtures to serve the U.S. Navy,

 

LED replacements for linear fluorescent lamps,

 

LED luminares and fixtures,

 

LED docklights,

 

LED parking garage luminares and fixtures,

 

LED cold storage globe luminares and LED fiber optic lighting systems, and

 

LED retrofit kits for high-intensity discharge (“HID”) applications.

 

We continue to seek to aggressively penetrate the government and military lighting markets. In this regard, we have many products being actively marketed to the United States federal government agencies through our direct sales force as well as our distribution partners and online web presence.

 

The key features of our products are as follows:

 

 

Many of our products meet the lighting efficiency standards mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (“EISA 2007”).

 

Many of our products qualify for federal and state tax incentives for commercial and residential consumers in certain states.

 

Many of our products make use of proprietary optical and electronics delivery systems that enable high efficiencies with superior lighting qualities.

 

Through our solutions segment, we partner with Energy Savings Companies (“ESCO’s”) where we specialize in developing and designing lighting retrofit solutions that generate guaranteed financial returns by using the most innovative lighting technologies available. Our services include comprehensive lighting and energy audits, lighting design and solution development, turnkey lighting implementation, Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (“LEED”) ready lighting upgrades, and pre and post upgrade monitoring and measurement.

 

Strengths and Strategy

 

Our long-term strategy is to continue to penetrate the existing building, and military and maritime lighting markets by providing turnkey, comprehensive and cost competitive energy-efficient lighting solutions that utilize our energy-efficient lighting products. We will continue to focus on markets where the economic benefits of our lighting solutions offerings-are most compelling. These markets include the U.S. Navy, municipalities, universities, schools, hospitals, office buildings, parking garages, supermarkets, retail chains, cold storage facilities and manufacturing environments. The passage of the Energy Savings Performance Contracts legislation in nearly all the U.S. states and EISA 2007 by Congress created a natural market for our energy-efficient products due to certain mandated efficiency standards that our products meet.

 

 
3

 

 

Since many of our products today are more efficient than traditional lighting products such as incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps, our focus is to increase awareness and knowledge of our technology and offerings within our target markets and to establish comprehensive distribution channels so that we can reach as many potential customers as possible and as soon as possible.

 

Our strengths, which we believe provide a strategic competitive advantage, include the following:

 

 

providing the only LED fluorescent replacement lamps currently approved for the U.S. Navy,

 

providing leading edge, price competitive LED fluorescent replacement lamps for commercial and industrial markets,

 

providing our customers with high performance LED lighting retrofit solutions with low total overall cost of ownership,

 

a broad and intimate understanding of lighting technologies and LED lighting applications,

 

a strong understanding of the existing building market drivers and the evolution towards “green” lighting products and energy-efficient lighting systems that maximize customer return on investment,

 

fundamental proprietary knowledge of non-imaging optics and coatings, and

 

strong relationships and long-term partnerships with the federal government and government contractors for research and development.

 

Our tactical approach to implement our long-term strategy includes:

 

 

continuing to seek to aggressively penetrate the government and military lighting markets through our direct sales force, as well as our distribution partners, and online presence,

 

continuing to develop mainstream lighting technologies that directly compete against linear fluorescent general illumination lamps and that lead the LED retrofit market from quality, reliability and price standpoints,

 

penetrating the lighting retrofit market of existing buildings by adding sales associates and expanding geographical reaches in both the U.S. and U.K. markets, and

 

continuing to strengthen our services and value added to our customers by providing comprehensive LED solutions capabilities.

 

Through our strengths and these actions, we seek to achieve the following objectives:

 

 

sales growth and improved gross margins and overall financial performance,

 

further penetration of our military grade LED lighting products to the military and maritime markets,

 

a streamlined and effective organization that is focused on creating economic value for our customers through our energy-efficient LED products and solutions in the lighting retrofit market, and

 

the continued development of mainstream lighting products that are not currently available and are differentiated by their performance, energy consumption, longevity, and cost of ownership.

 

During 2013, we made progress in our plan to reposition the Company for growth and profitability including:

 

 

reestablishing corporate vision, mission and core values,

 

realigning our leadership at the corporate level, as well as at individual business unit levels,

 

divesting non-core businesses by selling our pool lighting product business,

 

streamlining our operations by closing our Mexican facility and restructuring our product development practices,

 

intensifying our focus on and developing business strategies to pursue global lighting retrofit opportunities, specifically in the fluorescent replacement markets, and

 

improving our global supply chain practices that improved and will continue to improve our gross margins.

 

Sales, Marketing, and Distribution of our Offerings Portfolio

 

Products

 

Our products are sold through a combination of direct sales employees, independent sales representatives, and distributors in different geographic markets throughout the world. We continue to seek to aggressively penetrate the government, and military and maritime lighting markets through our direct sales force, as well as our distribution partners, and online presence. Within the commercial and industrial lighting business unit, we continue to focus on direct corporate accounts, general contractors, and lighting retrofit companies (“LRCs”) especially in the property management, retail, hospitality and health care markets, and especially in geographic areas with strong energy rebate programs offered by utilities companies. We also distribute our products through our Energy Focus LED Solutions, LLC (“EFLS”) subsidiary.

 

 
4

 

 

Solutions

 

Our solutions-based sales are designed to enhance total value by providing turnkey, high-quality, energy-efficient lighting application alternatives that positively impact customers’ profitability, the environment, and the communities served. These solutions are sold through our EFLS subsidiary, formerly known as Stones River Companies, LLC, and include comprehensive lighting and energy audits, lighting design and solution development, turnkey lighting implementation, LEED ready lighting upgrades, and pre and post upgrade monitoring and measurement. Whenever and wherever economic values are compelling, EFLS aims to provide 100% LED lighting retrofit solutions to target customers.

 

Through EFLS, we target the existing public building market, particularly municipalities, universities, schools and hospitals, as well as industrial and manufacturing facilities. EFLS’s current direct customers are large national ESCOs that provide energy-efficient upgrades around the country.

 

Concentration of Sales

 

In 2013, sales to our ten largest customers from continuing operations accounted for approximately 60% of net sales. Customers accounting for greater than 10% of our net sales from continuing operations include Johnson Controls, Inc., which accounted for approximately 14%, the U.S. Navy, which accounted for approximately 13%, and Seiberlich Trane, which accounted for approximately 12%.

 

Competition

 

Our commercial lighting products compete against a variety of lighting products, including conventional light sources such as incandescent light bulbs, metal halide lamps, compact fluorescent lamps, as well as LEDs and other decorative lighting technologies. Our ability to compete depends substantially upon the superior performance and lower lifecycle cost of our products and services. Principal competitors in our markets include large lamp manufacturers, lighting fixture companies, distributors, lighting retrofit companies, and ESCOs whose financial resources may substantially exceed ours. These competitors may introduce new or improved products that may reduce or eliminate some of the competitive advantage of our products. We anticipate that the primary competition for our products will come from new technologies that offer increased energy efficiency, lower maintenance costs, and/or lower heat radiation.

 

In our Navy product line, we compete with a small number of qualified military lighting lamp and fixture suppliers, who in the future might also provide LED lighting products. In certain commercial applications, we compete with LED systems produced by large lighting companies such as Royal Philips, CREE, Inc., Osram Sylvania and GE, Inc. In traditional commercial lighting applications, we compete primarily with local and regional lighting manufacturers that, in many cases, are more established in their local markets than us. Some of these competitors offer products with performance characteristics similar to those of our products.

 

Our EFLS solutions business competes against other lighting retrofit companies, as well as some traditional ESCOs that self-perform the lighting component of their projects. We compete primarily on the basis of financial impact, technology, light quality and design, client relationships, lighting application knowledge, energy efficiency, customer service and marketing support.

 

Manufacturing and Suppliers

 

Prior to the fourth quarter of 2013, many of our products were manufactured under a Production Share Agreement with a contract manufacturer and assembler in Mexico, North American Production Sharing, Inc. and Industrias Unidas de BC, SA de CV (“NAPS”). Under this agreement, NAPS provided administrative and manufacturing services, including labor services and the use of manufacturing facilities in Mexico, for the manufacturing and assembly of certain fiber optic and LED lighting systems, equipment and related components. During the third quarter of 2013, we relocated our manufacturing operation from Mexico to our then existing facilities in Pleasanton, California and Solon, Ohio. Due to the sale of the Company’s pool products business in November 2013 and the closing of our facilities in Pleasanton, California, all in-house production was moved to our Solon, Ohio facility.

 

We continue to produce our lighting systems through a combination of internal manufacturing and assembly, and sourced finished goods. Our internal lighting system manufacturing consists primarily of final assembly, testing, and quality control. We have worked with a number of our vendors to design custom components to meet our specific needs. Our quality assurance program provides for testing of all sub-assemblies at key stages in the assembly process, as well as testing of finished products produced both internally and sourced through third parties.   In some cases, we rely upon a single supplier to source certain components, sub-assemblies or finished goods.

 

 
5

 

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development has remained a key focus of our Company; accordingly, we have committed substantial resources to this endeavor. Our research and development team is dedicated to continuous improvement and innovation of our LED lighting technologies.

 

Research and development expense, net of credits from government agencies, for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $597 thousand and $368 thousand, respectively. Research and development income, net of expenses, for the year ended December 31, 2011 was $515 thousand.

 

Our recent achievements include:

 

2013: We were awarded a total of $0.76 million in research contracts and grants. In April 2013, we were awarded approximately $0.16 million in a subcontract under the Department of Defense (“DoD”) for the development of a portable energy efficient shelter lighting fixture. In August 2013, we were awarded approximately $0.45 million of the anticipated $1.2 million we learned of in December 2012, by the Executive Control Board of the National Shipbuilding Research Program (“NSRP”) for the first Phase in the development of a “New Best” LED lighting solution for the U.S. Navy’s 2-bulb fluorescent fixture. NSRP is a collaboration of U.S. Shipyards that focus on common issues with a goal of reducing the cost of acquiring, operating and maintaining Navy Ships. This new best solution utilizes our existing Intellitube® product. In September, we were awarded approximately $0.15 million by NASA for the development of technology applicable to a 4-ft LED fluorescent replacement tube.

 

2012: We were awarded a total of $1.2 million in research contracts and grants. We were awarded approximately $0.9 million to develop next generation lighting for future U.S. Navy vessels. Like our smaller berth light that has been sailing in the Virginia Class Nuclear submarines for almost two years, this next generation lighting will utilize a larger version of our optical wave guide technology. In January 2012, we were awarded $0.1 million in a subcontract under the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (“DARPA”) on the Manufacturable Gradient Index Optics Phase 2 BAA, where in part, we explored further optical advancements to Intellitube® technology. In November 2012, we were awarded a $0.2 million Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (“SBIR”) contract from the Department of Energy (“DoE”) for “Lighting Controls Software for Self-Commissioning and Optimized Energy Savings,” where we further develop the ultra low cost sensor network to compliment Intellitube®, the Company’s LED based fluorescent replacement technology. Additionally, in December, we learned that we were selected to receive funding for at least a $1.2 million award by the Executive Control Board of the National Shipbuilding Research Program (“NSRP”) for the development of a “New Best” LED lighting solution for the U.S. Navy’s 2-bulb fluorescent fixture. NSRP is a collaboration of U.S. Shipyards that focus on common issues with a goal of reducing the cost of acquiring, operating and maintaining Navy Ships. This new solution utilizes our existing Intellitube® product.

 

2011: We were awarded $26.1 million in government supply contracts and in research contracts and grants in 2011. In March 2011, we received a $1.0 million grant from the State of Ohio Third Frontier to develop a photovoltaic “wall-pack” unit for outdoor LED lighting. In April 2011, we received a Phase 2 Small Business Technology Transfer (“STTR”) grant for $0.6 million from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (“NASA”) for “Innovative Solid State Lighting Replacements for Industrial and Test Facility Locations.” In May 2011, we received a $0.4 million increase in funding for the “Very High Efficiency Solar Cell (“VHESC”) program. In July 2011, we received a $1.0 million grant from the State of Ohio Third Frontier to develop an ultra-low cost light sensor to compliment Intellitube®. In August 2011 we received a $23.1 million supply contract to provide LED fixtures and our proprietary Intellitube® LED lamps for use on the U.S. Navy Fleet. The government has the right to change quantities throughout the life of this supply contract.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We have a policy of seeking to protect our intellectual property through patents, license agreements, trademark registrations, confidential disclosure agreements and trade secrets, as management deems appropriate. Our intellectual property portfolio consists of 79 issued United States and foreign patents, of which 43 are currently in force, various pending United States patent applications, and various pending Patent Cooperation Treaty patent applications filed with the World Intellectual Property Organization that serve as the basis for national patent filings in countries of interest. Our issued patents expire at various times between September 2014 and May 2031. Generally, the term of patent protection is twenty years from the earliest effective filing date of the patent application. There can be no assurance; however, that our issued patents are valid or that any patents applied for will be issued, and that our competitors or customers will not copy aspects of our lighting systems or obtain information that we regard as proprietary. There can also be no assurance that others will not independently develop products similar to ours. The laws of some foreign countries in which we sell or may sell our products do not protect proprietary rights to products to the same extent as the laws of the United States.

 

 
6

 

 

Insurance and Bonding

 

All of our properties and equipment are covered by insurance and we believe that such insurance is adequate. In addition, we maintain general liability and workers compensation insurance in amounts that we believe are consistent with our risk of loss and industry practice. In regard to our solutions segment, we are often required to provide various types of surety bonds as an additional level of security of our performance. We have a surety arrangement with one surety carrier to which we provide cash collateral relating to our surety bonding program. We believe that this cash collateral is sufficient to support our current bonding requirements.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2013, we had 59 employees, 13 of whom are located in the United Kingdom and 46 in the United States. None of our employees are subject to any collective bargaining agreement.

 

Business Segments

 

We have two reportable segments: products and solutions. The products segment includes the marketing and sale of commercial, industrial, government, and military and maritime lighting products, and research and development services. Our products are sold primarily in North America, Europe, and the Far East through a combination of direct sales employees, independent sales representatives and distributors. Our solutions segment provides turnkey, high-quality, energy-efficient lighting application alternatives, which are designed to enhance total value by positively impacting customers’ profitability, the environment and the communities served. These solutions are sold through our EFLS subsidiary, and include not only our proprietary energy-efficient lighting LED solutions, but also sourced lighting systems, energy audits and service agreements. Please refer to Note 15, Segments and Geographic Information, included in Item 8 of this Annual Report, for a discussion of our business segments.

 

Available Information

 

Our website is located at http://www.efoi.com. We make available free of charge, on or through our website, our annual, quarterly, and current reports, as well as any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing such reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Information contained on our website is not part of this report.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

We have a history of operating losses and may incur losses in the future, and our auditors have issued a “Going Concern” opinion.

 

We have experienced net losses from continuing operations of $6.9 million, $6.6 million and $6.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. As of December 31, 2013, we had cash and cash equivalents of $2.9 million and an accumulated deficit of $83.0 million. Although management continues to address many of the legacy issues that have historically burdened our financial performance, we still face challenges in order to reach profitability. In order for us to attain profitability and growth, we will need to successfully address these challenges, including improvement in gross margins, execution of our marketing and sales plans for our turnkey energy-efficient lighting solutions business, the development of new technologies into sustainable product lines, the continuation of cost reductions throughout our organization, and continued improvements in our supply chain performance.

 

There is a risk that our business may not be as successful as we envision. Our independent public accounting firm has issued an opinion in connection with our 2013 Annual Report raising substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern. This opinion stems from our historically poor operating performance, and our historical inability to generate sufficient cash flow to meet obligations and sustain operations without obtaining additional external financing. Although we are optimistic about obtaining the funding necessary for us to continue as a going concern, there can be no assurances that this objective will be successful. As such, we will continue to review and pursue selected external funding sources, if necessary, to execute these objectives including, but not limited to, the following:

 

 

obtain financing from traditional or non-traditional investment capital organizations or individuals,

 

potential sale or divestiture of one or more operating units, and

 

obtain funding from the sale of our common stock or other equity or debt instruments or the exercise of outstanding warrants.

 

Obtaining financing through the above-mentioned mechanisms contains risks, including:

 

 

loans or other debt instruments may have terms and/or conditions, such as interest rate, restrictive covenants and control or revocation provisions, which are not acceptable to management or our Board of Directors,

 

the current environment in capital markets combined with our capital constraints may prevent us from being able to obtain adequate debt financing,

 

financing may not be available for parties interested in pursuing the acquisition of one or more of our operating units, and

 

additional equity financing may not be available to us in the current capital environment and could lead to further dilution of shareholder value for current shareholders of record.

  

If we fail to raise additional capital, including from sales revenues, loans or other external funding sources, we may be required to change our planned business strategies. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing, we may not be able to successfully develop and market our products and services. As a result, we would need to curtail business operations, which would have a material negative effect on operating results, the value of our outstanding stock is likely to fall, and our business may fail, causing our stockholders to lose their entire investments.

 

 
7

 

 

Depressed general economic conditions, including the strength of the construction market, may adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

 

Our business is sensitive to changes in general economic conditions, both inside and outside the United States. An economic downturn may adversely impact our business. Sales of our lighting products depend significantly upon the level of new building and renovation construction, which is affected by housing market trends, interest rates and the weather. In addition, due to the seasonality of construction and the sales of lighting products, our revenue and income have tended to be significantly lower in the first quarter of each year. We may experience substantial fluctuations in our operating results from period to period as a consequence of these factors. Slow growth in the economy or an economic downturn could adversely affect our ability to meet our working capital requirements and growth objectives, or could otherwise adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. As a result, any general or market-specific economic downturns, particularly those affecting new building construction and renovation, or that cause end-users to reduce or delay their purchases of lighting products, services, or retrofit activities, would have a material adverse effect on our business, cash flows, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our operating results may fluctuate due to factors that are difficult to forecast and not within our control.

 

Our past operating results may not be accurate indicators of future performance, and you should not rely on such results to predict our future performance. Our operating results have fluctuated significantly in the past, and could fluctuate in the future. Factors that may contribute to fluctuations include:

 

 

changes in aggregate capital spending, cyclicality and other economic conditions, or domestic and international demand in the industries we serve;

 

our ability to effectively manage our working capital;

 

our ability to satisfy consumer demands in a timely and cost-effective manner;

 

pricing and available of labor and materials;

 

our inability to adjust certain fixed costs and expenses for changes in demand;

 

seasonal fluctuations in demand and our revenue; and

 

disruption in component supply from foreign vendors.

 

If LED lighting technology fails to gain widespread market acceptance or we are unable to respond effectively as new lighting technologies and market trends emerge, our competitive position and our ability to generate revenue and profits may be harmed.

 

To be successful, we depend on continued market acceptance of our existing LED technology. Although adoption of LED lighting continues to grow, the use of LED lighting products for general illumination is in its early stages, is still limited and faces significant challenges. Potential customers may be reluctant to adopt LED lighting products as an alternative to traditional lighting technology because of its higher initial cost or perceived risks relating to its novelty, reliability, usefulness, light quality and cost-effectiveness when compared to other established lighting sources available in the market. Changes in economic and market conditions may also affect the marketability of some traditional lighting technologies such as declining energy prices in certain regions or countries may favor existing lighting technologies that are less energy efficient, reducing the rate of adoption for LED lighting products in those areas. Even if LED lighting products continue to achieve performance improvements and cost reductions, limited customer awareness of the benefits of LED lighting products, lack of widely accepted standards governing LED lighting products and customer unwillingness to adopt LED lighting products in favor of entrenched solutions could significantly limit the demand for LED lighting products and adversely impact our results of operations. In addition, we will need to keep pace with rapid changes in LED technology, changing customer requirements, new product introductions by competitors and evolving industry standards, any of which could render our existing products obsolete if we fail to respond in a timely manner. Development of new products incorporating advanced technology is a complex process subject to numerous uncertainties. We have previously experienced, and could in the future, experience delays in the introduction of new products. If effective new sources of light other than LEDs are discovered, our current products and technologies could become less competitive or obsolete. If others develop innovative proprietary lighting technology that is superior to ours, or if we fail to accurately anticipate technology and market trends, respond on a timely basis with our own development of new products and enhancements to existing products, and achieve broad market acceptance of these products and enhancements, our competitive position may be harmed and we may not achieve sufficient growth in our net sales to attain or sustain profitability.

 

If we are unable to manage any future growth effectively, our profitability and liquidity could be adversely affected.

 

Our ability to achieve our desired growth depends on our execution in functional areas such as product development and management, sales and marketing, and general administration and operations. To manage any future growth, we must continue to improve our product development, distribution, operational and financial processes and systems and expand, train and manage our employee base. If we are unable to manage our growth effectively, our business and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

If we are not able to compete effectively against companies with greater resources, our prospects for future success will be jeopardized.

 

The lighting industry is highly competitive. In the high performance lighting markets in which we sell our advanced lighting systems, our products compete with lighting products utilizing traditional lighting technology provided by many vendors. Additionally, in the advanced lighting markets in which we have primarily competed to date, competition has largely been fragmented among a number of small manufacturers. However, some of our competitors, particularly those that offer traditional lighting products, are larger, established companies with greater resources to devote to research and development, manufacturing and marketing, as well as greater brand recognition.

 

 
8

 

 

Moreover, we expect to encounter competition from an even greater number of companies in the general lighting market. Our competitors are expected to include the large, established companies in the general lighting industry, such as GE, Inc., Osram Sylvania, CREE, Inc. and Royal Philips Electronics. Each of these competitors has undertaken initiatives to develop LED technology. These companies have global marketing capabilities and substantially greater resources to devote to research and development and other aspects of the development, manufacture and marketing of LED lighting products than we possess. The relatively low barriers to entry into the lighting industry and the limited proprietary nature of many lighting products also permit new competitors to enter the industry easily.

 

In each of our markets, we also anticipate the possibility that LED manufacturers, including those that currently supply us with LEDs, may seek to compete with us. Our competitors’ lighting technologies and products may be more readily accepted by customers than our products. Moreover, if one or more of our competitors or suppliers were to merge with one another, the change in competitive landscape could adversely affect our competitive position. Additionally, to the extent that competition in our markets intensifies, we may be required to reduce our prices in order to remain competitive. If we do not compete effectively, or if we reduce our prices without making commensurate reductions in our costs, our net sales and profitability and our future prospects for success may be harmed.

 

If we are unable to obtain and adequately protect our intellectual property rights, our ability to commercialize our products could be substantially limited.

 

We consider our technology and processes proprietary. If we are not able to adequately protect or enforce the proprietary aspects of our technology, competitors may utilize our proprietary technology. As a result, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. We protect our technology through a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, employee and third-party nondisclosure agreements, and similar means. Despite our efforts, other parties may attempt to disclose, obtain or use our technologies. Our competitors may also be able to independently develop products that are substantially equivalent or superior to our products or slightly modify our patents. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect our proprietary rights as fully as do the laws of the United States. As a result, we may not be able to protect our proprietary rights adequately in the United States or abroad. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in obtaining additional patents, or licenses to patents or other intellectual property rights of third parties that we may need to support our business in the future. The inability to obtain certain patents or rights to third-party patents and other intellectual property rights in the future could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our industry is characterized by vigorous protection and pursuit of intellectual property rights and positions, which may result in protracted and expensive litigation. We have engaged in litigation in the past and litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce our intellectual property rights or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Litigation may also be necessary to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity by others. An adverse outcome in litigation or any similar proceedings could subject us to significant liabilities, require us to license disputed rights from others or require us to cease marketing or using certain products or technologies. We may not be able to obtain any licenses on acceptable terms, if at all, and may attempt to redesign those products that contain allegedly infringing intellectual property, which may not be possible. We also may have to indemnify certain customers if it is determined that we have infringed upon or misappropriated another party’s intellectual property. The cost of addressing any intellectual property litigation claim, both in legal fees and expenses, and the diversion of management resources, regardless of whether the claim is valid, could be significant and could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from a few customers and the loss of one of these customers, or a reduction in their demand for our services, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Our customer base is highly concentrated. One or a few customers have represented a substantial portion of our consolidated revenues and gross profits in any one year or over a period of several consecutive years. In 2013, sales to our ten largest customers from continuing operations accounted for approximately 60% of net sales. Customers accounting for greater than 10% of our net sales from continuing operations include Johnson Controls, Inc., which accounted for approximately 14%, the U.S. Navy, which accounted for approximately 13%, and Seiberlich Trane, which accounted for approximately 12%. A limited number of customers may continue to comprise a substantial portion of our revenue for the foreseeable future. We could lose business from a significant customer for a variety of reasons, including:

 

 

the consolidation, merger or acquisition of an existing customer, resulting in a change in procurement strategies employed by the surviving entity that could reduce the amount of orders we receive;

 

our performance on individual relationships with one or more significant customers are impaired due to another reason, which may cause us to lose future business with such customers and, as a result, our ability to generate income would be adversely impacted; and

 

the strength of our professional reputation.

 

 
9

 

 

If critical components and finished products that we currently purchase from a small number of third-party suppliers become unavailable or increase in cost, or if our suppliers fail to meet our requirements for quality, quantity and timeliness, our revenue and reputation in the marketplace could be harmed, which would damage our business.

 

In an effort to reduce manufacturing costs, we have outsourced the production of certain parts and components, as well as finished goods in our product lines, to a small number of vendors in various locations throughout the world, primarily in the United States, China and Taiwan. While we believe alternative sources for these components and products are available, we have selected these particular suppliers based on their ability to consistently provide the best quality product at the most cost effective price, to meet our specifications, and to delivery within scheduled time frames. If our suppliers fail to perform their obligations in a timely manner or at satisfactory quality levels, we may suffer lost sales, reductions in revenue and damage to our reputation in the market, all of which would adversely affect our business. We may be vulnerable to unanticipated price increases and payment term changes. Significant increases in the prices of sourced components and products could cause our product prices to increase, which may reduce demand for our products or make us more susceptible to competition. Furthermore, in the event that we are unable to pass along increases in operating costs to our customers, margins and profitability may be adversely affected. Accordingly, the loss of all or one of these suppliers could have a material adverse effect on our operations until such time as an alternative supplier could be found.

 

Additionally, consolidation in the lighting industry could result in one or more current suppliers being acquired by a competitor, rendering us unable to continue purchasing key components and products at competitive prices. We may be subject to various import duties applicable to materials manufactured in foreign countries and may be affected by various other import and export restrictions, as well as other considerations or developments impacting upon international trade, including economic or political instability, shipping delays and product quotas. These international trade factors will, under certain circumstances, have an impact on the cost of components, which will have an impact on the cost to us of the manufactured product and the wholesale and retail prices of our products.

 

We depend on independent distributors and sales representatives for a substantial portion of our net sales, and the failure to manage our relationships with these third parties, or the termination of these relationships, could cause our net sales to decline and harm our business.

 

We rely significantly on indirect sales channels to market and sell our products. Most of our products are sold through third-party independent distributors and sales representatives. In addition, these parties provide technical sales support to end-users. Our current agreements within these sales channels are generally non-exclusive, meaning they can sell products of our competitors. We anticipate that any such agreements we enter into in the future will be on similar terms. Furthermore, our agreements are generally short-term, and can be cancelled by these sales channels without significant financial consequence. We cannot control how these distributors or sales representatives perform and cannot be certain that we or end-users will be satisfied by their performance. If these distributors and sales representatives significantly change their terms with us, or change their historical pattern of ordering products from us, there could be a significant impact on our net sales and profits.

 

Our products could contain defects or they may be installed or operated incorrectly, which could reduce sales of those products or result in claims against us.

 

Despite product testing, defects may be found in our existing or future products. This could result in, among other things, a delay in the recognition or loss of net sales, loss of market share or failure to achieve market acceptance. These defects could cause us to incur significant warranty, support and repair costs, divert the attention of our engineering personnel from our product development efforts, and harm our relationship with our customers. The occurrence of these problems could result in the delay or loss of market acceptance of our lighting products and would likely harm our business. Some of our products use line voltages (such as 120 or 240 AC), which involve enhanced risk of electrical shock, injury or death in the event of a short circuit or other malfunction. Defects, integration issues or other performance problems in our lighting products could result in personal injury or financial or other damages to end-users or could damage market acceptance of our products. Our customers and end-users could also seek damages from us for their losses. A product liability claim brought against us, even if unsuccessful, would likely be time consuming and costly to defend.

 

If we are unable to accurately estimate the risks, revenues or costs associated with a project, we may achieve a lower than expected profit or incur a loss on that project.

 

For the solutions segment of our business, we generally enter into fixed price contracts. Fixed price contracts require us to perform a contract for a specified price regardless of our actual costs. As a result, the profit that we realize on a contract is dependent on the extent to which we successfully manage our costs. Cost overruns, whether due to inefficiency, inaccurate estimates or other factors, result in lower profit or a loss on a project. A majority of our contracts are based on cost estimates that are subject to a number of assumptions. If our estimates of the risks, revenues or costs prove inaccurate or circumstances change, we may incur a lower profit or a loss on that project.

 

 
10

 

 

Additionally, we recognize certain contract revenues, including revenues from our solutions segment, using the percentage-of-completion method. Under this method, percentage-of-completion is determined by relating the actual cost of the work performed to date to the current estimated total cost of the respective contracts. When the estimate on a contract indicates a loss, we record the entire loss during the accounting period in which it is estimable. In the ordinary course of business, at a minimum on a quarterly basis, we prepare updated estimates of the total forecasted revenue, cost and profit or loss for each contract. The cumulative effect of revisions in estimates of the total forecasted revenue and costs during the course of the work is reflected in the accounting period in which the facts that caused the revision become known. To the extent that these revisions result in a reduction in revenue, we recognize a credit or a charge against current earnings, which could be material.

 

Our business may suffer if we fail to comply with government contracting laws and regulations.

 

We derive a portion of our revenues from direct and indirect sales to U.S., state, local, and foreign governments and their respective agencies. Such contracts are subject to various procurement laws and regulations, and contract provisions relating to their formation, administration and performance, which may provide for various rights and remedies in favor of the governments that are not typically applicable to or found in commercial contracts. Failure to comply with these laws, regulations or provisions in our government contracts could result in the imposition of various civil and criminal penalties, termination of contracts, forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, or suspension from future government contracting. If our government contracts are terminated, if we are suspended from government work, or if our ability to compete for new contracts is adversely affected, our business could suffer.

 

Our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited.

 

We have significant U.S. net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards (the “Tax Attributes”). Under federal tax laws, we can carry forward and use our Tax Attributes to reduce our future U.S. taxable income and tax liabilities until such Tax Attributes expire in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “IRC”). Section 382 and Section 383 of the IRC provide an annual limitation on our ability to utilize our Tax Attributes, as well as certain built-in-losses, against future U.S. taxable income in the event of a change in ownership, as defined under the IRC. We may experience a change in ownership in the future as a result of changes in our stock ownership that are beyond our control, and any such subsequent changes in ownership for purposes of the IRC could further limit our ability to use our Tax Attributes. Accordingly, any such occurrences could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.

 

The cost of compliance with environmental, health and safety laws and regulations could adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.

 

We are subject to a broad range of environmental, health, and safety laws and regulations. These laws and regulations impose increasingly stringent environmental, health, and safety protection standards and permitting requirements regarding, among other things, air emissions, wastewater storage, treatment, and discharges, the use and handling of hazardous or toxic materials, waste disposal practices, the remediation of environmental contamination, and working conditions for our employees. Some environmental laws, such as Superfund, the Clean Water Act, and comparable laws in U.S. states and other jurisdictions world-wide, impose joint and several liability for the cost of environmental remediation, natural resource damages, third party claims, and other expenses, without regard to the fault or the legality of the original conduct, on those persons who contributed to the release of a hazardous substance into the environment. We may also be affected by future laws or regulations, including those imposed in response to energy, climate change, geopolitical, or similar concerns. These laws may impact the sourcing of raw materials and the manufacture and distribution of our products and place restrictions and other requirements on the products that we can sell in certain geographical locations.

 

An inability to obtain bonding could limit the number of solutions segment projects we are able to pursue.

 

As is customary in the construction business, we are often required to provide surety bonds to secure our performance under construction contracts. Our ability to obtain surety bonds primarily depends upon our capitalization, working capital, past performance, management expertise and other external factors, including the overall capacity of the surety market. Surety companies consider such factors in relation to the amount of our backlog and their underwriting standards, which may change from time to time. The surety industry has undergone significant changes with several companies withdrawing completely from the industry or significantly reducing their bonding commitment. In addition, certain reinsurers of security risk have limited their participation in this market. Therefore, we could be unable to obtain surety bonds when required, which could adversely affect our future results of operations and revenues.

 

 
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We have international sales and are subject to risks associated with operating in international markets.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2013, net sales of our products outside of the United States represented 11% of our total net sales from continuing operations. We generally provide technical expertise and limited marketing support, while our independent international distributors generally provide sales staff, local marketing, and product services. We believe our international distributors are better able to service international markets due to their understanding of local market conditions and best business practices. International business operations are subject to inherent risks, including, among others:

 

 

difficulty in enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through foreign legal systems,

 

unexpected changes in regulatory requirements, tariffs, and other trade barriers or restrictions,

 

potentially adverse tax consequences,

 

the burdens of compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, similar anti-bribery laws in other countries, and a wide variety of foreign laws,

 

import and export license requirements and restrictions of the United States and each other country in which we operate,

 

exposure to different legal standards and reduced protection for intellectual property rights in some countries,

 

currency fluctuations and restrictions, and

 

political, social, and economic instability, including war and the threat of war, acts of terrorism, pandemics, boycotts, curtailment of trade or other business restrictions.

 

If we do not anticipate and effectively manage these risks, these factors may have a material adverse impact on our sales, thus lowering our total revenues.

 

We may not fully recognize the anticipated revenue reported in our backlog.

 

The contracts we enter into for our solutions segment can be relatively large and typically range in the amount of $0.1 million to as much as $4.0 million. As of December 31, 2013, our solutions segment backlog of uncompleted work was $1.9 million. We include a project in our backlog when a contract is awarded or a letter of intent is obtained. The revenue projected in our backlog may not be realized or may not result in the revenue or profits expected. If a project included in our backlog is canceled, suspended or the scope of work is reduced, it would result in a reduction to our backlog, which could affect the revenues and profits realized. If a customer should cancel a project, we may be reimbursed for costs expended to date but would have no contractual right to the total projected revenues included in our backlog. Cancellations or delays of significant projects could have a material adverse effect on future revenues, profits and cash flows.

 

If we are unable to attract or retain qualified personnel, our business and product development efforts could be harmed.

 

To a large extent, our future success will depend on the continued contributions of certain employees, such as our current Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer. We had significant turnover in our management team during 2013 and cannot be certain that these and other key employees will continue in their respective capacities for any period of time, and these employees may be difficult to replace. Our future success will also depend on our ability to attract and retain qualified technical, sales, marketing, and management personnel, for whom competition is very intense. The loss of, or failure to attract, hire and retain any such persons could delay product development cycles, disrupt our operations, or otherwise harm our business or results of operations. We have been successful in hiring experienced energy solutions salespeople from leading firms in the industry, but if these individuals are not successful in achieving our expectations, then planned sales may not occur and the anticipated net sales may not be realized.

 

A significant portion of our business is dependent upon the existence of government funding, which may not be available into the future and could result in a significant reduction in sales and could cause significant harm to our business.

 

A significant portion of our research and development efforts have been supported directly by government funding and were contracted for short periods, usually one to two years. We anticipate a significant portion of our future product sales will come from the military and maritime markets, specifically the U.S. Navy, which is reliant upon federal funding. Further, a significant portion of net sales generated by EFLS are derived from state government funding and supported by federal government funding. U.S. government contracts are conditioned upon the continuing approval by the U.S. Congress of the necessary spending to honor such contracts. We cannot be certain that our U.S. government contracts will not be terminated or suspended in the future due to reductions or eliminations of government funding. If government funding is reduced or eliminated, there is no guarantee that we would be able to continue to fund our activities in these areas at their current levels, if at all, and grow our product sales. If we are unable to maintain our access to government funding in these areas, there could be a significant impact on our net sales and profits and our ability to compete and develop new products.

 

 
12

 

 

We believe that certification and compliance issues are critical to adoption of our lighting systems, and failure to obtain such certification or compliance would harm our business.

 

We are required to comply with certain legal requirements governing the materials in our products. Although we are not aware of any efforts to amend any existing legal requirements or implement new legal requirements in a manner with which we cannot comply, our net sales might be adversely affected if such an amendment or implementation were to occur.

 

Moreover, although not legally required to do so, we strive to obtain certification for substantially all our products. In the United States, we seek certification on substantially all of our products from Underwriters Laboratories (UL®) or Intertek Testing Services (ETL®). Where appropriate in jurisdictions outside the United States and Europe, we seek to obtain other similar national or regional certifications for our products. Although we believe that our broad knowledge and experience with electrical codes and safety standards have facilitated certification approvals, we cannot ensure that we will be able to obtain any such certifications for our new products or that, if certification standards are amended, that we will be able to maintain such certifications for our existing products. Moreover, although we are not aware of any effort to amend any existing certification standard or implement a new certification standard in a manner that would render us unable to maintain certification for our existing products or obtain ratification for new products, our net sales might be adversely affected if such an amendment or implementation were to occur.

 

We incur significant costs as a result of being a public company and our management is required to devote substantial time and financial resources to meet compliance obligations.

 

As a public company reporting to the Securities and Exchange Commission, we incur significant legal, accounting, investor relations, board compensation and other expenses. We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, including section 404 that requires that we annually evaluate and report on our systems of internal controls. In the future, there may be material weaknesses in our internal controls that would be required to be reported in future Annual Reports on Form 10-K and/or Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. A negative reaction by the equity markets to the reporting of a material weakness could cause our stock price to decline.

 

We could issue additional common stock or may need to request our shareholders to authorize additional shares of common stock, which might dilute the book value and market for our common stock.

 

We are authorized to issue 150,000,000 shares of common stock, of which 51.4 million shares were issued and outstanding, as of March 6, 2014. An additional 41 million shares have been reserved for issuance upon exercise of stock options, warrants or conversion of convertible debt. If or when these securities are exercised into shares of our common stock, the number of our shares of common stock outstanding will increase. Increases in our outstanding shares, and any sales of shares, could have an adverse effect on the trading activity and market price of our common stock. Our Board of Directors has the authority, without action or vote of our shareholders, to issue a sizeable part of our authorized but unissued shares. Such stock issuances could be made at a price that reflects a discount or a premium from the then-current trading price of our common stock. In addition, in order to raise capital or acquire businesses in the future, we may need to issue additional securities or promissory notes that are convertible or exchangeable for shares of our common stock. These issuances would dilute shareholders’ percentage ownership interest, which would have the effect of reducing influence on matters on which our shareholders vote, and might dilute the book value of our common stock. Shareholders may incur additional and substantial dilution if (a) holders of convertible debt convert their notes, (b) holders of stock options, whether currently outstanding or subsequently granted, exercise those options, or (c) holders of warrants exercise to purchase shares of our common stock. If an insufficient amount of authorized, but unissued shares of common stock exists to issue in the future in connection with subsequent equity financing or acquisition transactions, we may be required to ask our shareholders to authorize additional shares before undertaking, or as a condition to completing, a financing or acquisition transaction. We cannot be assured that our shareholders would authorize an increase in the number of shares of our common stock.

 

As a “thinly-traded” stock, large sales can and have placed negative pressure on our common stock price.

 

Our common stock trades over-the-counter on the OTCQB Marketplace under the symbol EFOI, which generally lacks the liquidity, research coverage and institutional investors following of a national stock exchange. Our common stock is generally considered to be “thinly-traded.” Additionally, we have entered into in the past or may enter into in the future, financing or acquisition transactions resulting in a large number of newly issued shares that become immediately tradable or tradable simultaneously in the future. These factors, coupled with a limited number of market makers, impairs the liquidity of our stock, not only the number of shares that can be bought and sold, but also possible delays in the timing of transactions, and lower prices for our common stock than might otherwise prevail. This could make it difficult or impossible for an investor to sell shares of our common stock within a desired timeframe or to obtain a desired price. Any efforts in the future to list our common stock on a national stock exchange will require satisfaction of the initial listing standards for such an exchange, and we currently do not, and may not ever, satisfy those listing standards.

 

 
13

 

 

In addition, from time to time, certain of our shareholders may be eligible to sell all, or a portion of, their shares of common stock by means of ordinary brokerage transactions in the open market pursuant to Rule 144, promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, or under effective resale prospectuses. Any substantial sale of our common stock pursuant to Rule 144 or any resale prospectus may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities.

 

We do not plan to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

We have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock and do not intend to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Any decision to pay dividends is within the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon our profitability at the time, cash available and other factors. As a result, there is no assurance that there will ever be any cash dividends or other distributions on our common stock.

 

Failure to effectively estimate employer-sponsored health insurance premiums and incremental costs due to the Affordable Healthcare Act could materially and adversely affect our results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.

 

In March 2010, the United States federal government enacted comprehensive health care reform legislation, which, among other things, includes guaranteed coverage requirements, eliminates pre-existing condition exclusions and annual and lifetime maximum limits, restricts the extent to which policies can be rescinded, and imposes new taxes on health insurers, self-insured companies, and health care benefits. The legislation imposes implementation effective dates that began in 2010 and extend through 2020 with many of the changes requiring additional guidance from federal agencies and regulations. Possible adverse effects could include increased costs, exposure to expanded liability, and requirements for us to revise the ways in which healthcare and other benefits are provided to employees. We continue to monitor the potential impacts the health care reform legislation will have on our financial results.

 

We may be subject to legal claims against us or claims by us which could have a significant impact on our resulting financial performance.

 

At any given time, we may be subject to litigation, the disposition of which may have an adverse effect upon our business, financial condition, or results of operation. Information regarding our current legal proceedings is presented below in Part I, Item 3.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

Our principal executive offices are located in an approximately 25,000 square foot facility in Solon, Ohio, under a lease agreement expiring on April 30, 2017. See Note 12, Commitments and Contingencies, to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

 

We also have leased facilities in Nashville, Tennessee, and Berkshire, United Kingdom. Our lease in Pleasanton, California expired in February 2014. We believe that our current facilities are adequate to support our current and anticipated operations.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may be involved in legal proceedings arising from the normal course of business. As of the date of this report, we have not received notice of any new legal proceedings.

 

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

During the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2013, there were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders.

 

 
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Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

The following is the name, age, and present position of each of our executive officers, as well as all prior positions held by each of them during the last five years and when each of them was first elected or appointed as an executive officer.

 

Name

Age

Current Position and Business Experience

     
     

James Tu

45

Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer – May 2013 to present. Mr. Tu became a Chairman of the Board of Directors of the company in December 2012. He is also Founder, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer of 5 Elements Global Advisors, an investment advisory and management company focusing on investing in clean energy companies. Additionally, he is Co-Founder and Managing Partner of Communal International Ltd., a British Virgin Islands company dedicated to assisting clean energy solutions companies gain access to global marketing, manufacturing and financing resources. Previously he was the Director of Investment Management of Gerstein Fisher & Associates, and an equity analyst at Dolphin Asset Management Corporation.

     

Eric W. Hilliard

46

President and Chief Operating Officer – October 2013 to present. Vice President and Chief Operating Officer from November 2006 to October 2013. Prior to joining Energy Focus, Mr. Hilliard served in Business and Operations Management at Saint Gobain“s Aerospace Flight Structures Division from 2002 to 2006 overseeing the global sales and operations for composite flight structure components to customers such as Embraer, Gulfstream and EADS. Other career assignments include Goodrich Aerospace, Chemical Leaman, and the HJ Heinz Company serving in operational and international roles throughout his career.

     

Frank Lamanna

50

Chief Financial Officer– July 2013 to present. Corporate Controller from November 2008 to July 2013. Prior to joining Energy Focus, Mr. Lamanna was Corporate Controller for Technical Consumer Products, a $300 million lighting manufacturer and distributor, from April 2006 to November 2008; and was Chief Financial Officer of Avalon Holdings Corporation, an $80 million conglomerate company, from August 2004 to April 2006.

     

Theresa Matrisciano

57

Vice President of Human Resources– October 2013 to present. Director of Human Resources from July 2013 to October 2013. Prior to joining Energy Focus, Ms. Matrisciano was Director of Human Resources for Weatherchem, a manufacturer of plastic packaging solutions for the food, healthcare and household products industries, from January 2011 to June 2013, and was Manager of Human Resources for Keithley Instruments, Inc., a manufacturer of electronic test and measurement equipment, from April 2009 to December 2010.

 

 
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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock is traded on the OTCQB Marketplace over-the-counter under the symbol EFOI. The following table sets forth the high, low, and closing market prices per share for our common stock as reported by the OTCQB:

 

   

High

   

Low

   

Close

 

First quarter 2013

  $ 0.25     $ 0.16     $ 0.20  

Second quarter 2013

    0.60       0.19       0.41  

Third quarter 2013

    0.48       0.30       0.42  

Fourth quarter 2013

    0.88       0.35       0.47  
                         

First quarter 2012

  $ 0.72     $ 0.16     $ 0.42  

Second quarter 2012

    0.44       0.23       0.24  

Third quarter 2012

    0.29       0.21       0.24  

Fourth quarter 2012

    0.27       0.16       0.16  

 

Effective January 15, 2013, our common stock was deleted from the OTC Bulletin Board (“OTCBB”), as it became ineligible for quotation due to quoting inactivity under SEC Rule 15c2-11.

 

Market prices during the timeframe when our common stock traded on the OTCBB reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail markup, markdown or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Stockholders

 

There were approximately 121 holders of record of our common stock as of March 6, 2014, however, a large number of our shareholders hold their stock in “street name” in brokerage accounts. Therefore, they do not appear on the shareholder list maintained by our transfer agent.

 

Dividends

 

We have not declared or paid any cash dividends, and do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

Shares Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The following table details information regarding our existing equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2013:

 

 

   

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

Plan category

 

Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights

   

Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights

   

Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))

 
                         

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

    2,898,478     1.51       7,380,684(1)  

 

 

(1)

Includes 4,935,862 shares available for issuance under the 2013 Employee Stock Purchase Plan.

 

 
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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

The Selected Consolidated Financial Data set forth below have been derived from our Consolidated Financial Statements. It should be read in conjunction with the information appearing under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Item 7 of this report and the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes found in Item 8 of this report.

 

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

 

YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31,

 

2013

   

2012

   

2011

   

2010

   

2009

 
                                         

OPERATING SUMMARY

                                       

Net sales from continuing operations

  $ 21,533     $ 23,375     $ 20,453     $ 30,556     $ 8,607  

Gross profit from continuing operations

    4,579       3,972       3,825       4,970       619  

Net loss from continuing operations

    (6,947 )     (6,576 )     (5,973 )     (8,807 )     (10,165 )

Net gain (loss) from discontinued operations

    4,586       867       (82 )     290       (850 )

Net loss

    (2,361 )     (5,709 )     (6,055 )     (8,517 )     (11,015 )

Net loss per share:

                                       

Basic & Diluted

  $ (0.05 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.25 )   $ (0.37 )   $ (0.70 )

Shares used in per share calculation:

                                       

Basic & Diluted

    47,792       41,322       24,669       22,791       15,763  

FINANCIAL POSITION SUMMARY

                                       

Total assets

  $ 12,808     $ 14,353     $ 13,778     $ 20,374     $ 17,378  

Cash and cash equivalents

    2,860       1,181       2,136       4,107       1,062  

Credit line borrowings

    -       1,590       -       -       -  

Current portion of long-term borrowings

    59       756       855       481       -  

Long-term borrowings

    4,011       1,793       955       1,344       715  

Shareholders' equity

    2,924       825       1,468       6,658       11,505  

Common shares outstanding

    51,422       44,699       24,913       23,962       21,250  

 

 
17

 

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Overview

 

Energy Focus, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) engage in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and installation of energy-efficient lighting systems and solutions where we serve two segments:

 

 

Products: providing military, general commercial and industrial energy-efficient lighting offerings; and

 

Solutions: providing turnkey, high-quality, energy-efficient lighting application alternatives, primarily to the existing public-sector building market.

 

In November 2013, the Company sold and discontinued its pool products business, and is focusing its resources solely on the LED lighting retrofit business. The “Gain (loss) from discontinued operations” caption on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations included in Item 8 of this Annual Report includes the operations associated with the pool products business. See Note 3, Sale of Discontinued Operations included Item 8, for further information relating to the sale of this business.

 

With the goal of focusing solely on the LED lighting retrofit business, our solutions segment began focusing its efforts on only bidding LED replacement solutions in ESCO contract proposals versus fluorescent replacements. Additionally, research and development remains a key focus of our Company, and we have committed substantial resources to this endeavor. Our research and development team is dedicated to continuous improvement and innovation of our LED lighting technologies, and we are focusing our efforts on bidding on research contracts and grants from those that support LED technologies. We have also committed unfunded resources toward further developing LED technology, which has caused our net research and development expense to increase.

 

Our long-term strategy is to continue to further penetrate the existing building, and military and maritime lighting markets by offering advanced and price competitive LED lighting products as well as turnkey, comprehensive energy-efficient lighting solutions. We will continue to focus on markets where the benefits of our lighting solutions offerings, combined with our technology, are most compelling. These markets include the U.S. Navy, municipalities, universities, schools, hospitals, office buildings, parking garages, supermarkets, cold storage facilities and manufacturing environments. The passage of the Energy Savings Performance Contracts legislation in nearly all the U.S. states and EISA 2007 by Congress created a natural market for our energy-efficient products. Since many of our products today are more efficient than traditional lighting products such as incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps, our focus is to increase awareness and knowledge of our technology and offerings within our target markets and to establish comprehensive distribution channels so that we can reach as many potential customers as possible and as soon as possible.

 

 
18

 

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth the percentage of net sales represented by certain items reflected on our Consolidated Statements of

Operations for the years ended December 31:

 

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
                         

Net sales

    100.0

%

    100.0

%

    100.0

%

Cost of sales

    78.7       83.0       81.3  

Gross profit

    21.3       17.0       18.7  
                         

Operating expenses:

                       

Research and development

    2.8       1.6       (2.5 )

Sales and marketing

    22.7       18.8       23.6  

General and administrative

    22.4       19.4       24.4  

Loss on impairment

    4.3       2.9       -  

Valuation of equity instruments

    -       -       0.3  

Change in estimate of contingent liabilities

    0.1       (0.4 )     (2.0 )

Restructuring

    0.4       -       -  

Total operating expenses

    52.7       42.3       43.8  

Loss from operations

    (31.4 )     (25.3 )     (25.1 )
                         

Other income (expense):

                       

Settlement of acquisition obligations

    4.1       -       -  

Interest income

    -       -       -  

Interest expense

    (3.9 )     (2.2 )     (4.2 )

Other (expense) income

    (1.1 )     (0.6 )     0.1  
                         

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

    (32.3 )     (28.1 )     (29.2 )

Benefit from income taxes

    -       -       0.0  

Net loss from continuing operations

    (32.3 )     (28.1 )     (29.2 )
                         

Discontinued operations:

                       

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    3.1       3.7       (0.4 )

Gain on sale of discontinued operations

    18.2       -       -  
                         

Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes

    21.3       3.7       (0.4 )

Provision for income taxes

    -       -       -  

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations

    21.3       3.7       (0.4 )
                         

Net loss

    (11.0

)%

    (24.4

)%

    (29.6

)%

 

 
19

 

 

Net Sales

 

Our sales breakdown by business segment is as follows (in thousands):

  

    Year ended December 31,  
   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 

Solutions:

                       

Net sales - solutions segment

  $ 9,847     $ 10,569     $ 9,563  
                         

Products:

                       

Net sales - commercial

    5,966       8,486       6,612  

Net sales - government products/R&D services

    5,720       4,320       4,278  

Total net sales - product segment

    11,686       12,806       10,890  
                         

Total net sales

  $ 21,533     $ 23,375     $ 20,453  

 

Net sales from continuing operations decreased 8% in 2013 from 2012, due mainly to $2.5 million lower commercial sales. Commercial net sales in 2012 include approximately $2 million from one customer where the amount it purchased in 2013 was much smaller. Additionally, solutions net sales for EFLS decreased $722 thousand, or 7%, from 2012. Net sales from continuing operations increased 14% in 2012 from 2011, due mainly to $1.9 million of higher commercial sales due to the large customer sale mentioned above. Additionally, solutions sales for EFLS increased $1.0 million, or 11%, from 2011.

 

International Sales

 

We have a manufacturing operation in the United Kingdom, and net sales and expenses from this operation are denominated in local currency, thereby creating exposures to changes in exchange rates. Fluctuations in this operation’s currency may have an impact on our business, results of operations and financial position. We currently do not use financial instruments to hedge our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations with respect to our international operations. As a result, we may experience foreign currency translation gains or losses due to the volatility of other currencies compared to the United States dollar, which may positively or negatively affect our results of operations attributed to these operations. International net sales accounted for 11.1% of net sales in 2013, compared to 12.9% in 2012, and 19.7% for 2011. The effect of changes in currency exchange rates was not material in 2013, 2012 or 2011. The breakdown of our global sales is as follows (in thousands):

 

   

Year ended December 31,

 
   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 

United States Domestic

  $ 19,136     $ 20,363     $ 16,435  

International

    2,397       3,012       4,018  

Total net sales

  $ 21,533     $ 23,375     $ 20,453  

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit was $4.6 million, or 21.3% of net sales, in 2013, compared to $4.0 million, or 17.0%, in 2012. The increase in 2013 resulted from improvements in our supply chains, favorable product mix and better execution in our solutions business despite lower net sales. Gross profit margins for the products segment was $3.1 million, or 26.5% of net sales, in 2013 and $2.6 million, or 19.9% of net sales, in 2012. Gross profit margins for the solutions segment was $1.5 million, or 15.1% of net sales, in 2013 compared with $1.4 million, or 13.4% of net sales, in 2012.

 

Gross profit increased $147 thousand in 2012 from 2011’s $3.8 million, due to higher net sales; however, decreased as a percentage of sales to 17.0% in 2012 from 18.7% in 2011. The products segment gross margin decreased to 19.9% of net sales from 21.1% in 2011 due primarily to a large customer sale with a lower gross margin. Gross profit margins for the solutions segment decreased 2.5 percentage points to 13.4% in 2012 from 2011 on high net sales due to accepting lower margin contracts.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Research and development

 

Gross research and development expenses were $3.5 million in 2013, a 3.8% increase from $3.4 million in 2012. The increase was due primarily to high consulting costs for three specific projects. Two out of the three projects were mostly completed in 2013. Gross research and development expenses in 2012 decreased 25% from $4.5 million in 2011. The decrease was due primarily to lower project costs related to the U.S. Navy contract as Intellitube® for the Navy was generally completed in 2011.

 

 
20

 

 

Research and development expenses include salaries, contractor and consulting fees, supplies and materials, as well as costs related to other overhead items such as depreciation and facilities costs. Research and development costs are expensed as they are incurred.

 

Total government reimbursements are the combination of revenues and credits from government contracts.

 

The gross and net research and development spending along with credits from government contracts is shown in the following table (in thousands):

 

   

Year ending December 31,

 

Net Research & Development Spending

 

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
                         

Total gross research and development expenses

    3,482       3,355       4,456  

Cost recovery through cost of sales

    (1,937 )     (2,150 )     (3,519 )

Cost recovery and other credits

    (948  )     (837 )     (1,452 )

Net research & development expense/(income)

  $ 597     $ 368     $ (515 )

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

Sales and marketing expenses were $4.9 million, or 22.7% of net sales, in 2013, compared to $4.4 million, or 18.8% of net sales, in 2012. The increase was primarily due to higher consulting, salaries and benefits, and project costs partially offset by lower commissions and sales incentive costs due to lower sales. In February 2012, the Company entered into an Asian Business Development/Collaboration Agreement with Communal International Ltd. The agreement was amended effective January 1, 2013. We expensed $226 thousand and $270 thousand in 2013 and 2012, respectively, under this agreement. Please refer to Note 16, Related Party Transactions, included in Item 8 for a discussion of these transactions.

 

Sales and marketing expenses in 2012 decreased 8.8% from $4.8 million, or 23.6% of net sales, in 2011. This decrease was due primarily to lower salaries and benefits, lower commissions and sales incentives, as well as lower rent and recruiting, partially offset by higher consulting costs primarily related to the agreement with Communal International Ltd, discussed above.

 

General and administrative

 

General and administrative expenses were $4.8 million, or 22.4% of net sales, in 2013, compared to $4.5 million, or 19.4% of net sales, in 2012. Expenses in 2013 include $448 thousand for severance and related benefits. Please refer to Note 17, Separation Accrual, included in Item 8 for details. Additionally, higher legal fees were offset by lower amortization of intangible assets related to the acquisition of EFLS, and lower bad debt expense.

 

General and administrative expenses in 2012 decreased 9.3% from $5.0 million, or 24.4% of net sales, in 2011. The decrease was primarily due to lower amortization of intangible assets related to the acquisition of EFLS, and lower legal fees and discretionary spending.

 

Loss on impairment

 

In conjunction with a settlement agreement between the Company and the former owners of EFLS, we agreed to discontinue the use of the name “Stones River Companies, LLC” and various derivatives including SRC. Therefore, at June 30, 2013, the remaining unamortized balance of Tradenames of $325 thousand was written off. See Note 11, Settlement of Acquisition Obligations, included in Item 8 for further information. Additionally, due to the sale of our pool products business in November 2013 and the closing of our facilities in Pleasanton, California, we performed an evaluation of property, plant and equipment located in California. In performing this review, we sought out a buyer of the assets for which we no longer had use, and recorded an impairment charge of $608 thousand, which represented the difference between the fair value of the asset group and its carrying value. These assets were reclassified on our Consolidated Balance Sheets under the caption “Assets held for sale” as of December 31, 2013, and were subsequently sold for $130 thousand; the carrying value of the assets after the impairment charge.

 

As of December 31, 2012, we wrote off $672 thousand of goodwill related to the acquisition of EFLS in Nashville, Tennessee, which occurred on December 31, 2009. Management tests goodwill annually for impairment at the reporting unit level and determines fair value through the use of a discounted cash flow valuation model. Based upon the historical losses incurred, it was determined that the goodwill was impaired.

 

 
21

 

 

Valuation of equity instruments

 

During 2011, we recorded non-cash charges of $56 thousand relating to the valuation of our common stock issued to Lincoln Park Capital Partners, LLC, pursuant to a purchase agreement we entered into in 2010 for our common stock together with a warrant.

 

Change in estimate of contingent liabilities

 

In connection with the acquisition of EFLS in December 2009, we recorded a performance-related contingent obligation related to a 2.5% payout payable over 42 months commencing January 1, 2010 and based upon the fair value of projected annual billings of the acquired business. We accrued for this contingent liability at its estimated fair value at the time of the acquisition. As a provision of the settlement agreement between us and the former owners of EFLS, a net receivable due of $78 thousand was forgiven during the second quarter of 2013. Additionally, we recognized a $66 thousand favorable adjustment related to the change in the estimate of the performance-related contingent obligation, resulting in a net expense for 2013 of $12 thousand related to these items. In the fourth quarter of 2012 and 2011, the Company reassessed the carrying value of the contingent liability related to the 2.5% payout and, based upon revised projected future billings, subsequently recorded reductions to the contingent liability of $102 thousand and $411 thousand, respectively. See Note 12, Commitments and Contingencies, included in Item 8 for further information.

 

Restructuring

 

During the third quarter of 2013, the Company relocated its manufacturing operations from a contract manufacturing facility located in Mexico to its existing facilities in Pleasanton, California and Solon, Ohio. The Consolidated Statements of Operations includes $80 thousand in “Restructuring” for severance for the Mexican contract employees as required by the production share agreement, as amended, between the Company and the contract manufacturer. As a result of the sale of the pool products business, we relocated our manufacturing operations in Pleasanton, California to Solon, Ohio. This activity was completed by March 2014, and the cost was negligible. See Note 10, Restructuring, included in Item 8 for further information.

 

Other Income and Expenses

 

Settlement of acquisition obligations

 

As a provision of the settlement agreement between us and the former owners of EFLS, our obligation to pay a $500 thousand special fee and a $500 thousand convertible promissory note including interest of $92 thousand were cancelled in their entirety in exchange for a $200 thousand payment. We recognized a net gain of $892 thousand related to these items in June 2013. See Note 11, Settlement of Acquisition Obligations, included in Item 8 for further information.

 

Interest expense

 

We had interest expense of $842 thousand, $511 thousand and $861 thousand in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Interest expense is primarily related to our debt, which includes the amortization of debt discounts and interest on our line of credit facility.

 

Other expense

 

Other (expense) income consists primarily of the amortization of loan origination costs, and facility and other fees related to the line of credit agreement.

 

Income Taxes

 

We provided a full valuation allowance against our United States deferred tax assets in 2013, 2012 and 2011. The net deferred tax assets for 2013 and 2012 were $2 thousand for our United Kingdom subsidiary, which has been profitable in prior years. We had no net deferred liabilities at December 31, 2013 and 2012. There were no federal tax expenses for the United States operations in 2013, 2012 and 2011, as any expected benefits were offset by an increase in the valuation allowance.

 

As of December 31, 2013, we had net operating loss carry-forwards of approximately $72.1 million for federal, state and local income tax purposes. However, due to changes in the Company’s capital structure, approximately $14.5 million of this amount is available after the application of Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 382 limitations. If not utilized, these carry-forwards will begin to expire in 2021 for federal and have begun to expire for state and local purposes. Please refer to Note 14, Income Taxes, included in Item 8 for further information.

 

 
22

 

 

Discontinued Operations

 

On November 26, 2013, we announced that we had sold our pool products business. As a result of the sale, we have eliminated all net sales and expenses associated with this business from the Consolidated Statements of Operations and have reported the net income (loss) from those activities as “discontinued operations.” Revenues from discontinued operations included $4,455 thousand, $6,462 thousand, and $5,299 thousand for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. We have incurred substantial losses, and as of December 31, 2013, we had an accumulated deficit of $83.0 million. We have raised approximately $13.4 million between 2011 and 2013 through the issuance of common stock and debt, which has been funding our operating expenses and working capital. Additionally, we received $4.8 million in cash net of related expenses through the sale of our pool products business. Although management continues to address the issues that have historically burdened our financial performance, we may require additional financing for operating expenses, working capital and other corporate purposes. In order for us to attain profitability and growth, we will need to successfully address these issues, including execution of our marketing and sales plans to further penetrate the military and maritime markets, and the commercial and industrial markets to increase our products segment sales; improve the operating efficiencies in our turnkey energy-efficient lighting solutions business; development of new technologies into sustainable product lines; continue cost reductions throughout our organization; further improve gross margins; and continue to improve our supply chain performance.

 

The following is a summary of our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (in thousands):

 

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
                         

Net cash used in operating activities

  $ (7,215 )   $ (6,966 )   $ (2,617 )
                         

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

  $ 4,603     $ (329 )   $ (237 )
                         

Proceeds from issuances of common stock, net

  $ -     $ 4,801     $ 408  

Proceeds from exercise of stock options and purchases through the employee stock purchse plan

    48       25       53  

Proceeds from other borrowings

    6,124       1,500       605  

Payments on other borrowings

    (304 )     (886 )     (892 )

Net (payments) proceeds on credit line borrowings

    (1,590 )     889       701  

Net cash provided by financing activities

  $ 4,278     $ 6,329     $ 875  

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Debt

 

At December 31, 2013, our cash and cash equivalents were $2.9 million, compared to $1.2 million at December 31, 2012, and $2.1 million at December 31, 2011. The 2013 balance included restricted cash of $94 thousand compared to $252 thousand in 2012 and $19 thousand in 2011. The restricted cash at December 31, 2013 relates to funds to be used exclusively for a research and development project with the National Shipbuilding Research Program. The restricted cash at December 31, 2012 and 2011 relates to funds received from a grant from/for a branch of the United States government. Additionally, as of December 31, 2013, our cash balance included $500 thousand of the purchase price from the sale of our pool products business held in escrow to secure customary indemnification obligations with respect to representations, warranties and covenants and other obligations of the Company under the Agreement, of which $100 thousand of the funds will be released on March 25, 2014, and on the 25th of each of the next four months thereafter subject to any claims paid pursuant to the escrow agreement. See Note 3, Sale of Discontinued Operations, included in Item 8 for further details. We had $4.1 million in borrowings at December 31, 2013 and 2012, including $1.6 million outstanding on our line of credit at December 31, 2012. There was no balance outstanding on the line of credit at December 31, 2013. This compares with $2.5 million in borrowings at December 31, 2011.

 

 
23

 

 

Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities primarily consists of net losses adjusted by non-cash items, including loss on impairment, depreciation, stock-based compensation, settlement of acquisition obligations, and amortization, and the effect of changes in working capital. In 2013, net cash used in operation activities resulted primarily from the net loss of $2.4 million and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. Operating activities excludes the gain on the sale of the pool products business of $3.9 million in 2013, the net proceeds of which are included in investing activities. In 2012, net cash used in operating activities resulted primarily from the net loss of $5.7 million and a $2.7 million increase in receivables. Cash decreased during 2011 by the net loss of $6.1 million, which was partially offset by non-cash charges and a $1.0 million decrease in net assets and liabilities.

 

Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

Net cash provided by investing activities in 2013 includes $4.8 million for the net proceeds from the sale of the pool products business. See Note 3, Sale of Discontinued Operations, for further details. Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities also includes the purchase of property and equipment of $213 thousand, $332 thousand and $256 thousand, in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The Company expects capital expenditures in 2014 will approximate what they were in 2013. In many cases, the expenditures are included in the funding received for our various government contracts. We capitalize these expenditures if the equipment belongs to the Company per the contract and will continue to be used after the completion of the contract.

 

Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

During 2013, we raised $6.1 million by issuing unsecured subordinated convertible notes. The convertible notes mature on December 31, 2016, have a 5% annual interest rate, and are convertible into our common stock at a price of $0.23 per share. Notes having an aggregate principal amount of $500 thousand were converted into common stock during 2013. Please refer to Note 9, Debt, and Note 13, Shareholders’ Equity, included in Item 8 for a discussion of these transactions. Additionally, we used a portion of the proceeds we received from the sale of the pool products business to pay off the line of credit.

 

During the first quarter of 2012, we raised $4.8 million, net of issuance costs, by entering into Securities Purchase Agreements with ten investors. Under the terms of the agreements, 19.6 million units, each consisting of one share of common stock and one-half warrant to purchase one share of common stock were issued. The units were priced at $0.25 each based upon a formula involving the stock’s 30-day average price prior to February 24, 2012. Each warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of common stock at an adjusted exercise price of $0.43. Please refer to Note 13, Shareholders’ Equity, included in Item 8 for a discussion of these transactions. Additionally, during the fourth quarter of 2012, we raised $1.5 million by entering into unsecured subordinated convertible notes. These convertible notes mature on December 31, 2015, have a 5% annual interest rate, and are convertible into our common stock at a price of $0.23 per share. $1 million of these notes were converted to common stock during 2013.

 

Credit Facilities

 

On December 22, 2011, we entered into a $4.5 million revolving line of credit with Rosenthal & Rosenthal. The total loan amount available to us under the line of credit is equal to 85% of our net amount of eligible receivables, plus available inventory (the lesser of 50% of the lower of cost or market value of eligible inventory, or $250 thousand). At December 31, 2013, $0 was outstanding and approximately was $1.2 million available under the line of credit based upon eligible receivables and inventories balances. The credit facility is secured by a lien on our domestic assets. The interest rate for borrowing on accounts receivable is 8.5%, on inventories 10.0% and on overdrafts 13.0%. Additionally, there is an annual 1% facility fee on the entire $4.5 million amount of the credit facility payable at the beginning of the year. The Credit Facility is a three year agreement, expiring on December 31, 2014, unless terminated sooner. There are liquidated damages of 1% if the Credit Facility is terminated prior to December 31, 2014. We are required to comply with certain financial covenants, measured quarterly, including, as defined in the agreement: a tangible net worth amount and a working capital amount. We were in compliance with the financial covenants at December 31, 2013. Additionally, the Company’s subsidiary in the United Kingdom has an invoice discounting arrangement whereby the amount available for borrowing is based at 80% of the eligible sales ledger of the U.K. subsidiary. The interest rate for borrowing under this arrangement is 3.02%. There were no amounts outstanding under this arrangement at December 31, 2013.

 

 
24

 

 

Contractual Obligations

 

The following summarizes our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2013, consisting of current and future payments for borrowings in the United States, and minimum lease payments under operating leases (in thousands):

 

Year ending December 31,

 

United States

Long-Term

Borrowings

   

Non-Cancelable

Operating

Leases

   

Total

 

2014

  $ 59     $ 340     $ 399  

2015

    566       316       882  

2016

    5,717       308       6,025  

2017

    26       107       133  

2018 and thereafter

    70       9       79  

Total contractual obligations, gross

    6,438       1,080       7,518  

Less: discounts on long-term borrowings and sublease payments

    (2,368 )     -       (2,368 )

Total contractual obligations, net

  $ 4,070     $ 1,080     $ 5,150  

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We had no off-balance sheet arrangements as of December 31, 2013 or 2012.

 

Going Concern

 

Our independent public accounting firm has issued an opinion in connection with our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K raising substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern. This opinion stems from our historically poor operating performance and our historical inability to generate sufficient cash flow to meet obligations and sustain operations without obtaining additional external financing. We remain optimistic about obtaining the funding necessary to continue as a going concern; however, there can be no assurances that this objective will be successful. As such, we continue to review and pursue selected external funding sources, if necessary, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

 

obtain financing from traditional or non-traditional investment capital organizations or individuals,

 

potential sale or divestiture of one or more operating units, and

 

obtain funding from the sale of our common stock or other equity or debt instruments or the exercise of warrants.

 

Obtaining financing through the above-mentioned mechanisms contains risks, including:

 

 

loans or other debt instruments may have terms and/or conditions, such as interest rate, restrictive covenants and control or revocation provisions, which are not acceptable to management or our Board of Directors,

 

the current environment in capital markets combined with our capital constraints may prevent us from being able to obtain adequate debt financing,

 

financing may not be available for parties interested in pursuing the acquisition of one or more of our operating units, and

 

additional equity financing may not be available to us in the current capital environment and could lead to further dilution of shareholder value for current shareholders.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires that we make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingencies, and the reported amounts of net sales and expenses in the financial statements. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of net sales and expenses if different judgments or different estimates were utilized. Critical accounting policies, judgments, and estimates that we believe have the most significant impact on our financial statements are set forth below:

 

 

revenue recognition,

 

allowances for doubtful accounts, returns and discounts,

 

impairment of long-lived assets,

 

valuation of inventories,

 

accounting for income taxes, and

 

share-based compensation.

  

 
25

 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue is recognized when it is realized or realizable, has been earned, and when all of the following have occurred:

 

 

persuasive evidence or an arrangement exists (e.g., a sales order, a purchase order, or a sales agreement),

 

shipment has occurred, with the standard shipping term being F.O.B. ship point, or services provided on a proportional performance basis or installation have been completed,

 

price to the buyer is fixed or determinable, and

 

collectability is reasonably assured.

 

Revenues from our products segment business are generally recognized upon shipping based upon the following:

 

 

all sales made by us to our customer base are non-contingent, meaning that they are not tied to that customer’s resale of products,

 

standard terms of sale contain shipping terms of F.O.B. ship point, meaning that title and risk of loss is transferred when shipping occurs, and

 

there are no automatic return provisions that allow the customer to return the product in the event that the product does not sell within a defined timeframe.

 

Revenues and profits from our solutions segment are generally recognized by applying percentage-of-completion for the period to the estimated profits for the respective contracts. Percentage-of-completion is determined by relating the actual cost of the work performed to date to the current estimated total cost of the respective contracts. When the estimate on a contract indicates a loss, our policy is to record the entire loss during the accounting period in which it is estimable. In the ordinary course of business, at a minimum on a quarterly basis, we prepare updated estimates of the total forecasted revenue, cost and profit or loss for each contract. The cumulative effect of revisions in estimates of the total forecasted revenue and costs during the course of the work is reflected in the accounting period in which the facts that caused the revision become known. The financial impact of these revisions to any one contract is a function of both the amount of the revision and the percentage-of-completion of the contract. Revenues from our solutions segment will generally be from larger contracts and may range from three to eighteen months in duration.

 

In accordance with normal practices in the industry, we include in current assets and current liabilities amounts related to contracts realizable and payable. Billings in excess of costs represent the excess of contract billings to date over the amount of contract costs and profits (or contract revenue) recognized to date on a percentage-of-completion basis. Costs in excess of billings represent the excess of contract costs and profits (or contract revenue) recognized to date on the percentage-of-completion basis over the amount of contract billings to date on the remaining contracts. See Note 8, Contracts in Progress, included in Item 8 for additional information.

 

Revenues from research and development contracts are recognized primarily on the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. Deferred revenue is recorded for the excess of contract billings over the amount of contract costs and profits. Costs in excess of billings, included in prepaid and other assets, are recorded for contract costs in excess of contract billings.

 

We warrant our products against defects or workmanship issues. We set up allowances for estimated returns, discounts and warranties upon recognition of revenue, and these allowances are adjusted periodically to reflect actual and anticipated returns, discounts and warranty expenses. These allowances are based on past history and historical trends, and contractual terms. The distributors’ obligations to us are not contingent upon the resale of our products and as such do not prohibit revenue recognition.

 

Allowances for Doubtful Accounts, Returns and Discounts

 

We establish allowances for doubtful accounts and returns for probable losses based on the customers’ loss history with us, the financial condition of the customer, the condition of the general economy and the industry as a whole, and the contractual terms established with the customer. The specific components are as follows:

 

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts for accounts receivable, and

 

Allowance for sales returns.

 

In 2013, the total allowance was $84 thousand, with $72 thousand related to accounts receivable and $12 thousand related to sales returns. In 2012, the total allowance was $265 thousand, with $176 thousand related to accounts receivable and $89 thousand related to sales returns. We review these allowance accounts periodically and adjust them accordingly for current conditions.

 

 
26

 

 

Long-lived Assets

 

Property and equipment is stated at cost and includes expenditures for additions and major improvements. Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred. We use the straight-line method of depreciation over their estimated useful lives of the related assets (generally two to fifteen years) for financial reporting purposes. Accelerated methods of depreciation are used for federal income tax purposes. When assets are sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. Refer to Note 5, Property and Equipment, included in Item 8 for additional information.

 

We determine the useful lives of our identifiable intangible assets after considering the specific facts and circumstances related to each intangible asset. Factors we consider when determining useful lives include the contractual term of any agreement related to the asset, the historical performance of the asset, our long-term strategy for using the asset, any laws or other local regulations which could impact the useful life of the asset, and other economic factors, including competition and specific market conditions. Intangible assets that are deemed to have definite lives are amortized, on a straight-line basis or other method which best approximates cash flows, over their useful lives, ranging from 5 to 10 years. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired in a business acquisition. We evaluate goodwill for impairment using the projected present value of future cash flows of the reporting unit, taking into account historical performance. A significant amount of judgment is required in estimating fair value of the reporting unit. Based on historical losses incurred, in 2012 it was determined that goodwill was impaired, and we wrote off the remaining balance of $672 thousand as of December 31, 2012, which resulted from our 2009 acquisition of EFLS. Additionally, in conjunction with the settlement agreement between us and the former owners of EFLS, we agreed to discontinue the use of the name “Stones River Companies, LLC” and various derivatives including SRC. Therefore, at June 30, 2013, the remaining unamortized balance of Tradenames of $325 thousand was written off. Refer to Note 6, Intangible Assets, and Note 11, Settlement of Acquisition Obligations, included in Item 8 for additional information.

 

Long-lived assets, other than goodwill, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Events or circumstances that would result in an impairment review primarily include operations reporting losses, a significant change in the use of an asset, or the planned disposal or sale of the asset. The asset would be considered impaired when the future net undiscounted cash flows generated by the asset are less than its carrying value. An impairment loss would be recognized based on the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value, as determined by quoted market prices (if available) or the present value of expected future cash flows. On December 31, 2013, we recorded an impairment charge of $608 thousand for assets that were held for sale at December 31, 2013. These assets were subsequently sold for $130 thousand, which was the carry value after the impairment charge. See Note 5, Property, Plant and Equipment and Assets Held for Sale, included in Item 8 for additional information.

 

Valuation of Inventories

 

We state inventories at the lower of standard cost (which approximates actual cost determined using the first-in-first-out method) or market. We establish provisions for excess and obsolete inventories after evaluation of historical sales, current economic trends, forecasted sales, product lifecycles, and current inventory levels. During 2013, 2012 and 2011, we charged $109 thousand, $111 thousand, and $134 thousand, respectively, to cost of sales from continuing operations for excess and obsolete inventories. Adjustments to our estimates, such as forecasted sales and expected product lifecycles, could harm our operating results and financial position.

 

Accounting for Income Taxes

 

As part of the process of preparing our Consolidated Financial Statements, we are required to estimate our income tax liability in each of the jurisdictions in which we do business. This process involves estimating our actual current tax expense together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items, such as deferred revenues, for tax and accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our Consolidated Balance Sheet. We then assess the likelihood that these deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and, to the extent that we believe that it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be recovered, or is unknown, we establish a valuation allowance.

 

Significant management judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against our deferred tax assets. At December 31, 2013 and 2012, we have recorded a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets in the United States due to uncertainties related to our ability to utilize our deferred tax assets, primarily consisting of certain net operating losses carried forward. The valuation allowance is based upon our estimates of taxable income by jurisdiction and the period over which our deferred tax assets will be recoverable.

 

 
27

 

 

As of December 31, 2013, we had net operating loss carry-forwards of approximately $72.1 million for federal, state and local income tax purposes. However, due to changes in the Company’s capital structure, approximately $14.5 million of this amount is available after the application of Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 382 limitations. If not utilized, these carry-forwards will begin to expire in 2021 for federal and have begun to expire for state and local purposes. Please refer to Note 14, Income Taxes, included in Item 8 for additional information.

 

Share-Based Payments

 

The cost of employee and director stock options, as well as other share-based compensation arrangements, is reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements based on the estimated grant date fair value method under the authoritative guidance. Management applies the Black-Scholes option pricing model to options issued to employees and directors to determine the fair value of stock options and apply judgment in estimating key assumptions that are important elements of the model in expense recognition. These elements include the expected life of the option, the expected stock-price volatility, and expected forfeiture rates. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of share-based awards under Black-Scholes represent our best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management judgment. Although we believe the assumptions and estimates we have made are reasonable and appropriate, changes in assumptions could materially impact our reported financial results. Restricted stock units and stock options issued to non-employees are valued based upon the intrinsic value of the award. See Note 13, Shareholders’ Equity, included in Item 8 for additional information.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In February 2013, the Financial Account Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2013-02, Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, under Topic 220, which requires an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component (the respective line items of net income). This pronouncement is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2012. The adoption of this ASU did not materially impact our disclosures.

 

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists, which amends ASC 740, Income Taxes. The amendments provide guidance on the financial statement presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit, as either a reduction of a deferred tax asset or as a liability, when a net operating loss carryforward, similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. The amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013 and may be applied on either a prospective or retrospective basis. The provisions are effective for our Annual Report for the year ending December 31, 2014. We do not expect the adoption of these provisions to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU 2012-02, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other, amending ASC Topic 350. Under the revised guidance, entities testing indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment have the option of performing a qualitative assessment before calculating fair value. If entities determine, on the basis of qualitative factors, that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible is less than the carrying amount, the fair value calculation would be required. The ASU also requires that the same qualitative factors be considered when determining whether an interim impairment evaluation is necessary. The guidance is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on our financial statements.

 

 
28

 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

   

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

30

   

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2013 and 2012

31

   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011

32

   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011

33

   

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011

34

   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011

35

   

Notes to Consolidated Financials Statements

37

 

 
29

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Energy Focus, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Energy Focus, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”) as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2013. Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included the financial statement schedule appearing under Schedule II. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Energy Focus, Inc. and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2013, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2, the Company incurred net losses of $2,361,000, $5,709,000, and $$6,055,000 during the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011, respectively. The continued losses, among other factors, as discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 

/s/ Plante & Moran, PLLC

 

 

Cleveland, Ohio

March 27, 2014

 

 
30

 

  

ENERGY FOCUS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of December 31,
(amounts in thousands except share and per share amounts)

 

   

2013

   

2012

 

ASSETS

               

Current assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 2,860     $ 1,181  

Trade accounts receivable less allowances of $84 and $265, respectively

    3,348       5,319  

Retainage receivable

    577       634  

Inventories, net

    2,510       2,581  

Costs in excess of billings

    145       99  

Prepaid and other current assets

    1,207       1,012  

Assets held for sale

    130       -  

Total current assets

    10,777       10,826  
                 

Property and equipment, net

    536       1,800  

Intangible assets, net

    55       608  

Collateralized assets

    1,000       1,000  

Other assets

    440       119  

Total assets

  $ 12,808     $ 14,353  
                 

LIABILITIES

               

Current liabilities:

               

Accounts payable

  $ 3,707     $ 5,879  

Accrued liabilities

    1,218       2,265  

Deferred revenue

    71       751  

Billings in excess of costs

    764       464  

Credit line borrowings

    -       1,590  

Current maturities of long-term debt

    59       756  

Total current liabilities

    5,819       11,705  
                 

Other liabilities

    54       30  

Long-term debt

    4,011       1,793  

Total liabilities

    9,884       13,528  
                 

SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

               
Preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share:                

Authorized: 2,000,000 shares in 2013 and 2012 Issued and outstanding: no shares in 2013 and 2012

    -       -  
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share:                

Authorized: 150,000,000 shares in 2013, and 100,000,000 shares in 2012 Issued and outstanding: 51,421,937 in 2013 and 44,698,650 in 2012

    5       4  

Additional paid-in capital

    85,442       80,985  

Accumulated other comprehensive income

    462       460  

Accumulated deficit

    (82,985 )     (80,624 )

Total shareholders' equity

    2,924       825  

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

  $ 12,808     $ 14,353  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
31

 

 

ENERGY FOCUS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
For the years ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands except per share amounts)

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
                         

Net sales

  $ 21,533     $ 23,375     $ 20,453  

Cost of sales

    16,954       19,403       16,628  

Gross profit

    4,579       3,972       3,825  
                         

Operating expenses:

                       

Research and development

    597       368       (515 )

Sales and marketing

    4,899       4,402       4,828  

General and administrative

    4,815       4,542       5,006  

Loss on impairment

    933       672       -  

Valuation of equity instruments

    -       -       56  

Change in estimate of contingent liabilities

    12       (102 )     (411 )

Restructuring

    80       -       -  

Total operating expenses

    11,336       9,882       8,964  

Loss from operations

    (6,757 )     (5,910 )     (5,139 )
                         

Other income (expense):

                       

Settlement of acquisition obligations

    892       -       -  

Interest income

    -       2       4  

Interest expense

    (842 )     (511 )     (861 )

Other (expense) income

    (240 )     (157 )     21  
                         

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

    (6,947 )     (6,576 )     (5,975 )

Benefit from income taxes

    -       -       2  

Net loss from continuing operations

  $ (6,947 )   $ (6,576 )   $ (5,973 )
                         

Discontinued operations:

                       

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

    672       867       (82 )

Gain on sale of discontinued operations

    3,915       -       -  
                         

Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes

    4,587       867       (82 )

Provision for income taxes

    (1 )     -       -  

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations

  $ 4,586     $ 867     $ (82 )
                         

Net loss

  $ (2,361 )   $ (5,709 )   $ (6,055 )
                         

(Loss) income per share:

                       

Basic and Diluted

                       

From continung operations

  $ (0.15 )   $ (0.16 )   $ (0.25 )

From discontinued operations

    0.10       0.02       -  

Total

  $ (0.05 )   $ (0.14 )   $ (0.25 )
                         

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

                       

Basic and Diluted

    47,792       41,322       24,669  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
32

 

 

ENERGY FOCUS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
For the years ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands)

 

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 
                         

Net loss

  $ (2,361 )   $ (5,709 )   $ (6,055 )
                         

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                       

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    2       40       (3 )

Comprehensive loss

  $ (2,359 )   $ (5,669 )   $ (6,058 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
33

 

 

ENERGY FOCUS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011
(amounts in thousands)

  

                           

Accumulated

                 
                   

Additional

   

Other

                 
   

Common Stock

   

Paid-in

   

Comprehensive

   

Accumulated

         
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Capital

   

Income

   

Deficit

   

Total

 

Balances, December 31, 2010

    23,962     $ 1     $ 75,094     $ 423     $ (68,860 )   $ 6,658  
                                                 

Issuance of common stock

    412       -       463       -       -       463  

Issuance of common stock under employee stock option and stock purchase plans

    157       -       47       -       -       47  

Stock-based compensation

    215       -       319       -       -       319  

Stock options exercised

    7       -       -       -       -       -  

Warrants issued for financing

    -       -       33       -       -       33  

Warrants exercised

    160       -       6       -       -       6  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    -       -       -       (3 )     -       (3 )

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       (6,055 )     (6,055 )

Balances, December 31, 2011

    24,913     $ 1     $ 75,962     $ 420     $ (74,915 )   $ 1,468  
                                                 

Issuance of common stock

    19,600       3       4,798       -       -       4,801  

Issuance of common stock under employee stock option and stock purchase plans

    186       -       25       -       -       25  

Stock-based compensation

    -       -       200       -       -       200  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    -       -       -       40       -       40  

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       (5,709 )     (5,709 )

Balances, December 31, 2012

    44,699     $ 4     $ 80,985     $ 460     $ (80,624 )   $ 825  
                                                 

Issuance of common stock

    5       -       2       -       -       2  

Issuance of common stock under employee stock option and stock purchase plans

    196       -       45       -       -       45  

Convertible debt issued for financing

                    2,697                       2,697  

Issuance of common stock for conversion of convertible debt

    6,522       1       1,500                       1,501  

Stock-based compensation

    -       -       202       -       -       202  

Warrants issued

                    11                       11  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    -       -       -       2       -       2  

Net loss

    -       -       -       -       (2,361 )     (2,361 )

Balances, December 31, 2013

    51,422     $ 5     $ 85,442     $ 462     $ (82,985 )   $ 2,924  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 
34

 

 

ENERGY FOCUS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the years ended December 31, (amounts in thousands)

 

   

2013

   

2012

   

2011

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

                       

Net loss

  $ (2,361 )   $ (5,709 )   $ (6,055 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

                       

Loss on impairment

    933       672       -  

Depreciation

    660       637       589  

Stock-based compensation and payments

    201       200       426  

Settlement of acquisition obligations

    (892 )     -       56  

Provision for doubtful accounts receivable

    (24 )     147       115  

Amortization of intangible assets

    228       419       649  

Amortization of discounts on long-term borrowings and acquisition related liabilities

    443       236       574  

Amortization of loan origination fees

    159       113       -  

Change in estimate of contingent liabilities

    12       (102 )     (411 )

Gain on sale of discontinued operations

    (3,915 )     -       -  

(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment

    6       (3 )     (11 )

Changes in assets and liabilities:

                       

Accounts receivable, inventories, and other assets

    (808 )     (3,158 )     3,411  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    (1,477 )     (107 )     (1,976 )

Deferred revenue

    (380 )     (311 )     16  

Total adjustments

    (4,854 )    <