Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2016

Commission File Number 001-33653

 

LOGO

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio   31-0854434

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

Fifth Third Center

Cincinnati, Ohio 45263

(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (800) 972-3030

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  x   Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer    ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  x

There were 767,717,824 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, without par value, outstanding as of April 30, 2016.


Table of Contents

LOGO

FINANCIAL CONTENTS

 

Part I. Financial Information

  

Glossary of Abbreviations and Acronyms

     2   

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (Item 2)

  

Selected Financial Data

     3   

Overview

     4   

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

     8   

Recent Accounting Standards

     10   

Critical Accounting Policies

     10   

Statements of Income Analysis

     11   

Balance Sheet Analysis

     17   

Business Segment Review

     22   

Risk Management—Overview

     28   

Credit Risk Management

     29   

Market Risk Management

     42   

Liquidity Risk Management

     46   

Operational Risk Management

     47   

Compliance Risk Management

     48   

Capital Management

     48   

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

     51   

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk (Item 3)

     52   

Controls and Procedures (Item 4)

     52   

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes (Item 1)

  

Balance Sheets (unaudited)

     53   

Statements of Income (unaudited)

     54   

Statements of Comprehensive Income (unaudited)

     55   

Statements of Changes in Equity (unaudited)

     56   

Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

     57   

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

     58   

Part II. Other Information

  

Legal Proceedings (Item 1)

     108   

Risk Factors (Item 1A)

     108   

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds (Item 2)

     108   

Exhibits (Item 6)

     108   

Signatures

     109   

Certifications

  

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains statements that we believe are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Rule 175 promulgated thereunder, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Rule 3b-6 promulgated thereunder. These statements relate to our financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance or business. They usually can be identified by the use of forward-looking language such as “will likely result,” “may,” “are expected to,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “projected,” “intends to,” or may include other similar words or phrases such as “believes,” “plans,” “trend,” “objective,” “continue,” “remain,” or similar expressions, or future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “might,” “can,” or similar verbs. You should not place undue reliance on these statements, as they are subject to risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to the risk factors set forth in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. When considering these forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind these risks and uncertainties, as well as any cautionary statements we may make. Moreover, you should treat these statements as speaking only as of the date they are made and based only on information then actually known to us. There are a number of important factors that could cause future results to differ materially from historical performance and these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such a difference include, but are not limited to: (1) general economic or real estate market conditions, either nationally or in the states in which Fifth Third, one or more acquired entities and/or the combined company do business, weaken or are less favorable than expected; (2) deteriorating credit quality; (3) political developments, wars or other hostilities may disrupt or increase volatility in securities markets or other economic conditions; (4) changes in the interest rate environment reduce interest margins; (5) prepayment speeds, loan origination and sale volumes, charge-offs and loan loss provisions; (6) Fifth Third’s ability to maintain required capital levels and adequate sources of funding and liquidity; (7) maintaining capital requirements and adequate sources of funding and liquidity may limit Fifth Third’s operations and potential growth; (8) changes and trends in capital markets; (9) problems encountered by larger or similar financial institutions may adversely affect the banking industry and/or Fifth Third; (10) competitive pressures among depository institutions increase significantly; (11) effects of critical accounting policies and judgments; (12) changes in accounting policies or procedures as may be required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) or other regulatory agencies; (13) legislative or regulatory changes or actions, or significant litigation, adversely affect Fifth Third, one or more acquired entities and/or the combined company or the businesses in which Fifth Third, one or more acquired entities and/or the combined company are engaged, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; (14) ability to maintain favorable ratings from rating agencies; (15) fluctuation of Fifth Third’s stock price; (16) ability to attract and retain key personnel; (17) ability to receive dividends from its subsidiaries; (18) potentially dilutive effect of future acquisitions on current shareholders’ ownership of Fifth Third; (19) effects of accounting or financial results of one or more acquired entities; (20) difficulties from Fifth Third’s investment in, relationship with, and nature of the operations of Vantiv, LLC; (21) loss of income from any sale or potential sale of businesses (22) difficulties in separating the operations of any branches or other assets divested; (23) inability to achieve expected benefits from branch consolidations and planned sales within desired timeframes, if at all; (24) ability to secure confidential information and deliver products and services through the use of computer systems and telecommunications networks; and (25) the impact of reputational risk created by these developments on such matters as business generation and retention, funding and liquidity.

 

1


Table of Contents

Glossary of Abbreviations and Acronyms

 

Fifth Third Bancorp provides the following list of abbreviations and acronyms as a tool for the reader that are used in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

ALCO: Asset Liability Management Committee

ALLL: Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses

AOCI: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

ARM: Adjustable Rate Mortgage

ASF: Available Stable Funding

ASU: Accounting Standards Update

ATM: Automated Teller Machine

BCBS: Basel Committee on Banking Supervision

BHC: Bank Holding Company

BOLI: Bank Owned Life Insurance

BPO: Broker Price Opinion

bps: Basis Points

CCAR: Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review

CDC: Fifth Third Community Development Corporation

CET1: Common Equity Tier 1

CFE: Collateralized Financing Entity

C&I: Commercial and Industrial

DCF: Discounted Cash Flow

DFA: Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform & Consumer Protection Act DIF: Deposit Insurance Fund

DTCC: Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation

ERISA: Employee Retirement Income Security Act

ERM: Enterprise Risk Management

ERMC: Enterprise Risk Management Committee

EVE: Economic Value of Equity

FASB: Financial Accounting Standards Board

FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

FFIEC: Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council

FHA: Federal Housing Administration

FHLB: Federal Home Loan Bank

FHLMC: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation

FICO: Fair Isaac Corporation (credit rating)

FNMA: Federal National Mortgage Association

FRB: Federal Reserve Bank

FTE: Fully Taxable Equivalent

FTP: Funds Transfer Pricing

FTS: Fifth Third Securities

GDP: Gross Domestic Product

GNMA: Government National Mortgage Association

GSE: United States Government Sponsored Enterprise

 

 

HAMP: Home Affordable Modification Program

HARP: Home Affordable Refinance Program

HFS: Held for Sale

HQLA: High Quality Liquid Assets

IPO: Initial Public Offering

IRC: Internal Revenue Code

IRLC: Interest Rate Lock Commitment

ISDA: International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc.

LCR: Liquidity Coverage Ratio

LIBOR: London Interbank Offered Rate

LLC: Limited Liability Company

LTV: Loan-to-Value

MD&A: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

MSA: Metro Statistical Area

MSR: Mortgage Servicing Right

N/A: Not Applicable

NII: Net Interest Income

NM: Not Meaningful

NSFR: Net Stable Funding Ratio

OAS: Option-Adjusted Spread

OCI: Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

OREO: Other Real Estate Owned

OTTI: Other-Than-Temporary Impairment

PCA: Prompt Corrective Action

PMI: Private Mortgage Insurance

RSF: Required Stable Funding

SARs: Stock Appreciation Rights

SBA: Small Business Administration

SEC: United States Securities and Exchange Commission

TBA: To Be Announced

TDR: Troubled Debt Restructuring

TILA: Truth in Lending Act

TruPS: Trust Preferred Securities

U.S.: United States of America

U.S. GAAP: United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

VA: United States Department of Veteran Affairs

VIE: Variable Interest Entity

VRDN: Variable Rate Demand Note

 

2


Table of Contents

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (Item 2)

 

The following is Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of certain significant factors that have affected Fifth Third Bancorp’s (the “Bancorp” or “Fifth Third”) financial condition and results of operations during the periods included in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which are a part of this filing. Reference to the Bancorp incorporates the parent holding company and all consolidated subsidiaries.

TABLE 1: Selected Financial Data

 

 
       

    For the three months ended     
                 March 31,                 

     %     
($ in millions, except for per share data)       2016   2015      Change     

 

 

Income Statement Data

          

Net interest income(a)

  $   909         852         

Noninterest income

    637         630         

Total revenue(a)

    1,546         1,482         

Provision for loan and lease losses

    119         69        72   

Noninterest expense

    986         923         

Net income attributable to Bancorp

    327         361        (9)   

Net income available to common shareholders

    312         346        (10)   

 

 

Common Share Data

          

Earnings per share - basic

  $   0.40         0.42        (5)   

Earnings per share - diluted

    0.40         0.42        (5)   

Cash dividends declared per common share

    0.13         0.13         

Book value per share

    19.46         17.83         

Market value per share

    16.69         18.85        (11)   

 

 

Financial Ratios

          

Return on average assets

    0.93  %   1.06        (12)   

Return on average common equity

    8.3         9.7        (14)   

Return on average tangible common equity(b)

    9.9         11.6        (15)   

Dividend payout ratio

    32.5         31.0         

Average total Bancorp shareholders’ equity as a percent of average assets

    11.57         11.50         

Tangible common equity as a percent of tangible assets(b)(h)

    8.55         8.40         

Net interest margin(a)

    2.91         2.86         

Efficiency(a)

    63.8         62.3         

 

 

Credit Quality

          

Net losses charged-off

  $   96         91         

Net losses charged-off as a percent of average portfolio loans and leases

    0.42  %   0.41         

ALLL as a percent of portfolio loans and leases

    1.38         1.42        (3)   

Allowance for credit losses as a percent of portfolio loans and leases(c)

    1.54         1.57        (2)   

Nonperforming portfolio assets as a percent of portfolio loans and leases and OREO

    0.88         0.76        16   

 

 

Average Balances

          

Loans and leases, including held for sale

  $   94,078         91,659         

Total securities and other short-term investments

    31,573         29,038         

Total assets

    141,582         137,617         

Transaction deposits(d)

    94,680         94,172         

Core deposits(e)

    98,715         98,194         

Wholesale funding(f)

    21,936         18,871        16   

Bancorp shareholders’ equity

    16,376         15,820         

 

 
Regulatory Capital Ratios    

Basel III Transitional(g)

    

CET1 capital

    9.81  %   9.52(i)         

Tier I risk-based capital

    10.91         10.62(i)         

Total risk-based capital

    14.66         14.01(i)         

Tier I leverage

    9.57         9.59(i)          
       

Basel III Fully Phased-In

        

CET1 capital(b)(g)

    9.72         9.41(i)         

 

 
(a)

Amounts presented on an FTE basis. The FTE adjustment for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 was $6 and $5, respectively.

(b)

These are non-GAAP measures. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section of MD&A.

(c)

The allowance for credit losses is the sum of the ALLL and the reserve for unfunded commitments.

(d)

Includes demand deposits, interest checking deposits, savings deposits, money market deposits and foreign office deposits.

(e)

Includes transaction deposits and other time deposits.

(f)

Includes certificates $100,000 and over, other deposits, federal funds purchased, other short-term borrowings and long-term debt.

(g)

Under the U.S. banking agencies’ Basel III Final Rule, assets and credit equivalent amounts of off-balance sheet exposures are calculated according to the standardized approach for risk-weighted assets. The resulting values are added together in the Bancorp’s total risk-weighted assets.

(h)

Excludes unrealized gains and losses.

(i)

Ratios not restated for the adoption of the amended guidance of ASU 2015-03 “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.” Refer to Note 3 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

 

3


Table of Contents

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

OVERVIEW

Fifth Third Bancorp is a diversified financial services company headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio. At March 31, 2016, the Bancorp had $142.4 billion in assets and operated 1,241 full-service banking centers, including 95 Bank Mart® locations, open seven days a week, inside select grocery stores, and 2,556 ATMs in eleven states throughout the Midwestern and Southeastern regions of the U.S. The Bancorp reports on four business segments: Commercial Banking, Branch Banking, Consumer Lending and Investment Advisors. The Bancorp also has an approximate 18% interest in Vantiv Holding, LLC. The carrying value of the Bancorp’s investment in Vantiv Holding, LLC was $374 million at March 31, 2016.

This overview of MD&A highlights selected information in the financial results of the Bancorp and may not contain all of the information that is important to you. For a more complete understanding of trends, events, commitments, uncertainties, liquidity, capital resources and critical accounting policies and estimates, you should carefully read this entire document as well as the Bancorp’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. Each of these items could have an impact on the Bancorp’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. In addition, refer to the Glossary of Abbreviations and Acronyms in this report for a list of terms included as a tool for the reader of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. The abbreviations and acronyms identified therein are used throughout this MD&A, as well as the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Net interest income, net interest margin and the efficiency ratio are presented in MD&A on an FTE basis. The FTE basis adjusts for the tax-favored status of income from certain loans and securities held by the Bancorp that are not taxable for federal income tax purposes. The Bancorp believes this presentation to be the preferred industry measurement of net interest income as it provides a relevant comparison between taxable and non-taxable amounts.

The Bancorp’s revenues are dependent on both net interest income and noninterest income. For the three months ended March 31, 2016, net interest income on an FTE basis and noninterest income provided 59% and 41% of total revenue, respectively. The Bancorp derives the majority of its revenues within the U.S. from customers domiciled in the U.S. Revenue from foreign countries and external customers domiciled in foreign countries was immaterial to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three months ended March 31, 2016. Changes in interest rates, credit quality, economic trends and the capital markets are primary factors that drive the performance of the Bancorp. As discussed later in the Risk Management section of MD&A, risk identification, measurement, monitoring, control and reporting are important to the management of risk and to the financial performance and capital strength of the Bancorp.

Net interest income is the difference between interest income earned on assets such as loans, leases and securities, and interest expense incurred on liabilities such as deposits, other short-term borrowings and long-term debt. Net interest income is affected by the general level of interest rates, the relative level of short-term and long-term interest rates, changes in interest rates and changes in the amount and composition of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Generally, the rates of interest the Bancorp earns on its assets and pays on its liabilities are established for a period of time. The change in market interest rates over time exposes the Bancorp to interest rate risk through potential adverse changes to net interest income and financial position. The Bancorp manages this risk by continually analyzing and adjusting the composition of its assets and liabilities based on their payment streams and interest rates, the timing of their maturities and their sensitivity to changes in market interest rates. Additionally, in the ordinary course of business, the Bancorp enters into certain derivative transactions as part of its overall strategy to manage its interest rate and prepayment risks. The Bancorp is also exposed to the risk of loss on its loan and lease portfolio, as a result of changing expected cash flows caused by borrower credit events, such as, loan defaults and inadequate collateral due to a weakened economy within the Bancorp’s footprint.

Noninterest income is derived from service charges on deposits, investment advisory revenue, corporate banking revenue, card and processing revenue, mortgage banking net revenue, securities gains, net and other noninterest income. Noninterest expense includes personnel costs, net occupancy expense, technology and communication costs, card and processing expense, equipment expense and other noninterest expense.

Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan

The Bancorp monitors changing customer preferences associated with the channels it uses for banking transactions to evaluate the efficiency, competitiveness and quality of the customer service experience in its consumer distribution network. As part of this ongoing assessment, the Bancorp may determine that it is no longer fully committed to maintaining full-service branches at certain of its existing banking center locations. Similarly, the Bancorp may also determine that it is no longer fully committed to building banking centers on certain parcels of land which had previously been held for future branch expansion. On June 16, 2015, the Bancorp’s Board of Directors authorized management to pursue a plan to further develop its distribution strategy, including a plan to consolidate and/or sell certain operating branch locations and certain parcels of undeveloped land that had been acquired by the Bancorp for future branch expansion (the “Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan”). The Bancorp expects to receive approximately $60 million in annual savings from operating expenses upon completion of the Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan. For more information on the Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan, refer to Note 7 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

On September 3, 2015, the Bancorp announced the decision to enter into an agreement to sell branch banking locations, retail accounts, certain private banking deposits and related loan relationships in the Pittsburgh MSA to First National Bank of Pennsylvania. On September 30, 2015, the Bancorp announced the decision to enter into an agreement to sell its retail operations, including retail accounts, certain private banking deposits and related loan relationships in the St. Louis MSA to Great Southern Bank. Both transactions are part of the Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan.

On January 29, 2016, the Bancorp closed the previously announced sale in the St. Louis MSA to Great Southern Bank. The sale included loans, premises and equipment and deposits with aggregate carrying amounts of $158 million, $18 million and $228 million, respectively.

 

4


Table of Contents

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

The Bancorp recorded a gain on the sale of $8 million which was recorded in other noninterest income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

Pursuant to the Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan, the Bancorp intended to consolidate and/or sell 60 operating branch locations and to sell an additional 23 parcels of undeveloped land that had been acquired by the Bancorp for future branch expansion as of March 31, 2016.

The sale of the Pittsburgh MSA retail operations to First National Bank of Pennsylvania closed on April 22, 2016. For further information on this transaction, refer to Note 22 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Accelerated Share Repurchase Transactions

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Bancorp entered into or settled accelerated share repurchase transactions. As part of these transactions, the Bancorp entered into forward contracts in which the final number of shares delivered at settlement was based generally on a discount to the average daily volume weighted-average price of the Bancorp’s common stock during the term of the repurchase agreements. For more information on the accelerated share repurchase program, refer to Note 14 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. For a summary of the Bancorp’s accelerated share repurchase transactions that were entered into or settled during the three months ended March 31, 2016, refer to Table 2.

TABLE 2: Summary of Accelerated Share Repurchase Transactions

 

 
Repurchase Date   

Amount

($ in millions)

     Shares Repurchased on
Repurchase Date
     Shares Received from Forward
Contract Settlement
     Total Shares
Repurchased
     Settlement Date     

 

 

December 14, 2015

   $                              215        9,248,482        1,782,477              11,030,959        January 14, 2016   

March 4, 2016

     240        12,623,762        1,868,379        14,492,141        April 11, 2016   

 

 

Senior and Subordinated Notes Offerings

On March 15, 2016, the Bank issued and sold $1.5 billion in aggregate principal amount of unsecured bank notes. The bank notes consisted of $750 million of 2.30% senior fixed-rate notes, with a maturity of three years, due on March 15, 2019; and $750 million of 3.85% subordinated fixed-rate notes, with a maturity of ten years, due on March 15, 2026. These bank notes will be redeemable by the Bank, in whole or in part, on or after the date that is 30 days prior to the maturity date at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest up to, but excluding, the redemption date.

Legislative and Regulatory Developments

During the first quarter of 2016, the FDIC issued a final rule implementing a 4.5 bps surcharge on the quarterly FDIC insurance assessments of insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more. The surcharge will take effect at the same time the FDIC is required to lower the regular FDIC insurance assessments by approximately 2 bps under a rule adopted by the FDIC in 2011 which is triggered by the DIF reserve ratio reaching 1.15% of insured deposits. The surcharge will take effect on July 1, 2016 if the DIF reserve ratio reaches 1.15% before July 1, 2016; otherwise it will begin the first day of the calendar quarter after the reserve ratio reaches 1.15%. Surcharges will continue through the quarter that the reserve ratio first reaches or exceeds 1.35% of insured deposits, but not later than December 31, 2018. If the reserve ratio does not reach 1.35% by December 31, 2018, the FDIC will impose a shortfall assessment on March 31, 2019, on insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more. The FDIC has announced they expect that surcharges will commence in the second half of 2016 and that they should be sufficient to raise the DIF reserve ratio to 1.35% in approximately eight quarters. Fifth Third estimates the announced changes to the FDIC assessments will result in a net increase in its FDIC insurance expense of approximately $24 million on an annual basis.

The FRB launched the 2016 stress testing program and CCAR on January 28, 2016, with submissions of stress test results and capital plans to the FRB due on April 5, 2016, which the Bancorp submitted as required. The FRB expects to release summary results of the 2016 stress testing program and CCAR by June 30, 2016. The results will include supervisory projections of capital ratios, losses and revenue under the supervisory adverse and supervisory severely adverse scenarios. The FRB will also issue an objection or non-objection to each participating institution’s capital plan submitted under CCAR. The FRB’s summary results will also include an overview of methodologies used for supervisory tests. Additionally, as a CCAR institution, the Bancorp will be required to disclose the results of its company-run stress test as required by the DFA, within 15 days of the date the FRB discloses the results of its DFA supervisory tests.

Fifth Third offers qualified deposit customers a deposit advance product if they choose to avail themselves of this product to meet short-term, small-dollar financial needs. Fifth Third’s deposit advance product is designed to fully comply with the applicable federal and state laws and use of this product is subject to strict eligibility requirements and advance restriction guidelines to limit dependency on this product as a borrowing source. The Bancorp’s deposit advance balances are included in other consumer loans and leases in the Loans and Leases subsection of the Balance Sheet Analysis section of MD&A and in Table 6 in the Statements of Income Analysis section of MD&A. On January 17, 2014, given developments in industry practice, Fifth Third announced that it would no longer enroll new customers in its deposit advance product and expected to phase out the service to existing customers by the end of 2014. To avoid a disruption to its existing customers during the extension period while the banking industry awaits further regulatory guidance on the deposit advance product, on November 3, 2014, Fifth Third announced changes to its current deposit advance product for existing customers beginning January 1, 2015, including a lower transaction fee, an extended repayment period and a reduced maximum advance period. The Bancorp is continuing to offer the service to existing deposit advance customers until further regulatory guidance is finalized.

On December 10, 2013, the U.S. banking agencies finalized section 619 of the DFA, known as the Volcker Rule, which became effective April 1, 2014. Though the Final Rule was effective April 1, 2014, the FRB granted the industry an extension of time until July 21, 2015 to conform certain of its activities related to proprietary trading to comply with the Volcker Rule.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

In addition, the FRB has granted the industry an extension of time until July 21, 2016, and announced its intention to grant a one year extension of the conformance period until July 21, 2017, to conform certain ownership interests in, sponsorship activities of and relationships with private equity or hedge funds as well as holding certain collateralized loan obligations that were in place as of December 31, 2013. It is possible that additional conformance period extensions could be granted either to the entire industry, or, upon request, to requesting banking organizations on a case-by-case basis. The Final Rule prohibits banks and BHCs from engaging in short-term proprietary trading of certain securities, derivatives, commodity futures and options on these instruments for their own account. The Volcker Rule also restricts banks and their affiliated entities from owning, sponsoring or having certain relationships with private equity and hedge funds, as well as holding certain collateralized loan obligations that are deemed to contain ownership interests. Exemptions are provided for certain activities such as underwriting, market making, hedging, trading in certain government obligations and organizing and offering a hedge fund or private equity fund. Fifth Third does not sponsor any private equity or hedge funds that, under the Final Rule, it is prohibited from sponsoring. At March 31, 2016, the Bancorp did not hold collateralized loan obligations. At March 31, 2016, the Bancorp had approximately $183 million in interests and approximately $34 million in binding commitments to invest in private equity funds that are affected by the Volcker Rule. It is expected that over time the Bancorp may need to dispose of these investments, however no formal plan to sell has been approved as of March 31, 2016. As a result of the announced conformance period extension, the Bancorp believes it is likely that these investments will be reduced over time in the ordinary course of events before compliance is required.

On October 10, 2014, the U.S. Banking Agencies published final rules implementing a quantitative liquidity requirement consistent with the LCR standard established by the BCBS for large internationally active banking organizations, generally those with $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets or $10 billion or more in on-balance sheet foreign exposure. In addition, a modified LCR requirement was implemented for BHCs with $50 billion or more in total consolidated assets but that are not internationally active, such as Fifth Third. The Modified LCR became effective January 1, 2016 and requires BHCs to calculate its LCR on a monthly basis. Refer to the Liquidity Risk Management subsection of the Risk Management section of MD&A for further discussion on these ratios.

Earnings Summary

The Bancorp’s net income available to common shareholders for the first quarter of 2016 was $312 million, or $0.40 per diluted share, which was net of $15 million in preferred stock dividends. The Bancorp’s net income available to common shareholders for the first quarter of 2015 was $346 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, which was net of $15 million in preferred stock dividends. Pre-provision net revenue was $554 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015. Pre-provision net revenue is a non-GAAP measure. For further information, refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section in MD&A.

Net interest income on an FTE basis was $909 million and $852 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Net interest income was positively impacted by increases in average taxable securities and average loans and leases of $6.5 billion and $2.4 billion, respectively. Net interest margin on an FTE basis was 2.91% and 2.86% for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Noninterest income increased $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to an increase in corporate banking revenue partially offset by a decrease in other noninterest income. Corporate banking revenue increased $39 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily driven by the impact of a $30 million impairment charge related to operating lease equipment that was recognized in the first quarter of 2015 as well as an increase in syndication fees partially offset by decreases in foreign exchange fees and letter of credit fees. Other noninterest income decreased $27 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015. The decrease included a positive valuation adjustment on the stock warrant associated with Vantiv Holding, LLC of $47 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to a positive valuation adjustment of $70 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. Additionally, gain on loan sales decreased $42 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a $37 million gain on the sale of residential mortgage loans classified as TDRs during the three months ended March 31, 2015. The Bancorp recognized a $1 million positive valuation adjustment related to the Visa total return swap for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to a negative valuation adjustment of $17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The three months ended March 31, 2016 also included the impact of a $8 million gain on the sale of certain branches in the St. Louis MSA as part of the previously announced Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan.

Noninterest expense increased $63 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in personnel costs and other noninterest expense. Personnel costs increased $35 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily driven by a $14 million increase in retirement costs related to the voluntary early retirement program as well as increases in base and variable compensation. Other noninterest expense increased $31 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in FDIC insurance and other taxes, the provision for the reserve for unfunded commitments and losses and adjustments partially offset by a decrease in donations expense.

For more information on net interest income, noninterest income and noninterest expense, refer to the Statements of Income Analysis section of MD&A.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Credit Summary

The provision for loan and lease losses was $119 million and $69 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Net losses charged-off as a percent of average portfolio loans and leases were 0.42% during the first quarter of 2016 compared to 0.41% during the first quarter of 2015. At March 31, 2016, nonperforming portfolio assets as a percent of portfolio loans and leases and OREO increased to 0.88% compared to 0.70% at December 31, 2015. For further discussion on credit quality, refer to the Credit Risk Management subsection of the Risk Management section of MD&A.

Capital Summary

The Bancorp’s capital ratios exceed the “well-capitalized” guidelines as defined by the PCA requirements of the U.S. banking agencies. As of March 31, 2016, as calculated under the Basel III transition provisions, the CET1 capital ratio was 9.81%, the Tier I risk-based capital ratio was 10.91%, the Total risk-based capital ratio was 14.66% and the Tier I leverage ratio was 9.57%.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

The following are non-GAAP measures which are important to the reader of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements but should be supplemental to primary U.S. GAAP measures.

Pre-provision net revenue is net interest income plus noninterest income minus noninterest expense. The Bancorp believes this measure is important because it provides a ready view of the Bancorp’s pre-tax earnings before the impact of provision expense.

The following table reconciles the non-GAAP financial measure of pre-provision net revenue to U.S. GAAP for the three months ended:

TABLE 3: Non-GAAP Financial Measures - Pre-Provision Net Revenue

($ in millions)    March 31,
2016     
       March 31,    
2015        
 

Net interest income (U.S. GAAP)

   $ 903          847      

Add: Noninterest income

     637          630      

Less: Noninterest expense

     986          923      

Pre-provision net revenue

   $                    554          554      

The Bancorp believes return on average tangible common equity is an important measure for comparative purposes with other financial institutions, but is not defined under U.S. GAAP, and therefore is considered a non-GAAP financial measure.

The following table reconciles the non-GAAP financial measure of return on average tangible common equity to U.S. GAAP for the three months ended:

TABLE 4: Non-GAAP Financial Measures - Return on Average Tangible Common Equity

($ in millions)    March 31,
2016     
    March 31,       
2015           
 

Net income available to common shareholders (U.S. GAAP)

   $ 312       346         

Add: Intangible amortization, net of tax

     -       -           

Tangible net income available to common shareholders

   $ 312       346         

Tangible net income available to common shareholders (annualized) (1)

     1,255       1,403         

Average Bancorp’s shareholders’ equity (U.S. GAAP)

   $ 16,376       15,820         

Less: Average preferred stock

     (1,331     (1,331)         

Average goodwill

     (2,416     (2,416)         

Average intangible assets and other servicing rights

     (12     (15)         

Average tangible common equity (2)

   $         12,617       12,058         

Return on average tangible common equity (1) / (2)

     9.9   %      11.6         

The Bancorp considers various measures when evaluating capital utilization and adequacy, including the tangible equity ratio and tangible common equity ratio, in addition to capital ratios defined by the U.S. banking agencies. These calculations are intended to complement the capital ratios defined by the U.S. banking agencies for both absolute and comparative purposes. Because U.S. GAAP does not include capital ratio measures, the Bancorp believes there are no comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures to these ratios. These ratios are not formally defined by U.S. GAAP or codified in the federal banking regulations and, therefore, are considered to be non-GAAP financial measures. Additionally, the Bancorp became subject to the Basel III Final Rule on January 1, 2015 which defined various regulatory capital ratios including the CET1 ratio. The CET1 capital ratio has transition provisions that will be phased out over time. The Bancorp is presenting the CET1 capital ratio on a fully phased-in basis for comparative purposes with other organizations. The Bancorp considers the fully phased-in CET1 ratio a non-GAAP measure since it is not the CET1 ratio in effect for the periods presented. Since analysts and the U.S. banking agencies may assess the Bancorp’s capital adequacy using these ratios, the Bancorp believes they are useful to provide investors the ability to assess its capital adequacy on the same basis. The Bancorp encourages readers to consider its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in their entirety and not to rely on any single financial measure.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

The following table reconciles non-GAAP capital ratios to U.S. GAAP:

TABLE 5: Non-GAAP Financial Measures - Capital Ratios

As of ($ in millions)   

March 31,

2016     

   

December 31,

2015        

 

Total Bancorp shareholders’ equity (U.S. GAAP)

   $ 16,323       15,839    

Less:  Preferred stock

     (1,331     (1,331)    

Goodwill

     (2,416     (2,416)    

Intangible assets and other servicing rights

     (12     (13)    

Tangible common equity, including unrealized gains / losses

     12,564       12,079    

Less:  AOCI

     (684     (197)    

Tangible common equity, excluding unrealized gains / losses (1)

     11,880       11,882    

Add:  Preferred stock

     1,331       1,331    

Tangible equity (2)

   $ 13,211       13,213    

Total assets (U.S. GAAP)

   $ 142,430       141,048    

Less:  Goodwill

     (2,416     (2,416)    

Intangible assets and other servicing rights

     (12     (13)    

AOCI, before tax

     (1,052     (303)    

Tangible assets, excluding unrealized gains / losses (3)

   $ 138,950       138,316    

Ratios:

    

Tangible equity as a percentage of tangible assets (2) / (3)(d)

     9.51  %      9.55    

Tangible common equity as a percentage of tangible assets (1) / (3)(d)

     8.55       8.59    

Basel III Final Rule - Transition to fully phased-in

                

CET1 capital (transitional)

   $ 11,914       11,917    

Less: Adjustments to CET1 capital from transitional to fully phased-in(a)

     (5     (8)    

CET1 capital (fully phased-in) (4)

     11,909       11,909    

Risk-weighted assets (transitional)(b)

     121,432       121,290   (e) 

Add: Adjustments to risk-weighted assets from transitional to fully phased-in(c)

     1,027       1,178    

Risk-weighted assets (fully phased-in) (5)

   $               122,459       122,468   (e) 

CET1 capital ratio under Basel III Final Rule (fully phased-in) (4) / (5)

     9.72  %      9.72   (e)   
(a)

Primarily relates to disallowed intangible assets (other than goodwill and MSRs, net of associated deferred tax liabilities).

(b)

Under the banking agencies’ risk-based capital guidelines, assets and credit equivalent amounts of derivatives and off-balance sheet exposures are assigned to broad risk categories. The aggregate dollar amount in each risk category is multiplied by the associated risk-weight of the category. The resulting weighted values are added together, along with the measure for market risk, resulting in the Bancorp’s total risk-weighted assets.

(c)

Primarily relates to higher risk weighting for MSRs.

(d)

Excludes unrealized gains and losses.

(e)

Balances not restated for the adoption of the amended guidance of ASU 2015-03 “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.” Refer to Note 3 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Note 3 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements provides a discussion of the significant new accounting standards applicable to the Bancorp and the expected impact of significant accounting standards issued, but not yet required to be adopted.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Certain accounting policies require management to exercise judgment in determining methodologies, economic assumptions and estimates that may materially affect the Bancorp’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows. The Bancorp’s critical accounting policies include the accounting for the ALLL, reserve for unfunded commitments, income taxes, valuation of servicing rights, fair value measurements, goodwill and legal contingencies. These accounting policies are discussed in detail in the Critical Accounting Policies section of the Bancorp’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. No material changes were made to the valuation techniques or models during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

STATEMENTS OF INCOME ANALYSIS

Net Interest Income

Net interest income is the interest earned on loans and leases (including yield-related fees), securities and other short-term investments less the interest paid for core deposits (includes transaction deposits and other time deposits) and wholesale funding (includes certificates $100,000 and over, federal funds purchased, other short-term borrowings and long-term debt). The net interest margin is calculated by dividing net interest income by average interest-earning assets. Net interest rate spread is the difference between the average yield earned on interest-earning assets and the average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities. Net interest margin is typically greater than net interest rate spread due to the interest income earned on those assets that are funded by noninterest-bearing liabilities, or free funding, such as demand deposits or shareholders’ equity.

Table 6 presents the components of net interest income, net interest margin and net interest rate spread for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, as well as the relative impact of changes in the balance sheet and changes in interest rates on net interest income. Nonaccrual loans and leases and loans held for sale have been included in the average loan and lease balances. Average outstanding securities balances are based on amortized cost with any unrealized gains or losses on available-for-sale securities included in other assets.

Net interest income on an FTE basis was $909 million and $852 million for the first quarters of 2016 and 2015, respectively. Net interest income was positively impacted by increases in average taxable securities and average loans and leases of $6.5 billion and $2.4 billion, respectively, as well as the decision of the Federal Open Market Committee in December 2015 to raise the target range of the federal funds rate 25 bps. The net interest rate spread increased to 2.70% in the first quarter of 2016 from 2.68% in the same period in 2015 due to a 6 bps increase in yields on average interest-earnings assets partially offset by a 4 bps increase in the rates paid on average interest-bearing liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Net interest margin on an FTE basis was 2.91% for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to 2.86% for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The increase from March 31, 2015 was driven primarily by the previously mentioned increase in the net interest rate spread coupled with increases in average free funding balances partially offset by a $5.0 billion increase in average interest-earning assets. The increase in average free funding balances was driven by increases in average demand deposits and average shareholders’ equity of $1.4 billion and $548 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Interest income on an FTE basis from loans and leases increased $27 million compared to the first quarter of 2015 primarily due to an increase of $2.4 billion in average loans and leases driven primarily by increases in average commercial and industrial loans, average commercial construction loans and average residential mortgage loans. Yields on average loans and leases were flat for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 as the decrease in yields on average consumer loans and leases, primarily due to decreases in yields on average residential mortgage loans and average other consumer loans and leases, was offset by an increase in yields on average commercial loans and leases, driven primarily by an increase in yields on average commercial and industrial loans. For more information on the Bancorp’s loan and lease portfolio, refer to the Loans and Leases subsection of the Balance Sheet Analysis section of MD&A. Interest income from investment securities and other short-term investments increased $42 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily as a result of the aforementioned increase in average taxable securities.

Interest expense on core deposits decreased $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a decline in the cost of average interest-bearing core deposits to 25 bps for the three months ended March 31, 2016 from 26 bps for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in the cost of average money market deposits partially offset by an increase in the cost of average interest checking deposits. Refer to the Deposits subsection of the Balance Sheet Analysis section of MD&A for additional information on the Bancorp’s deposits.

Interest expense on average wholesale funding increased $14 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases of 28 bps and 19 bps in the rates paid on average other short-term borrowings and average long-term debt, respectively, coupled with an increase in average long-term debt of $535 million. Refer to the Borrowings subsection of the Balance Sheet Analysis section of MD&A for additional information on the Bancorp’s borrowings. During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, average wholesale funding represented 26% and 23% of average interest-bearing liabilities. For more information on the Bancorp’s interest rate risk management, including estimated earnings sensitivity to changes in market interest rates, see the Market Risk Management subsection of the Risk Management section of MD&A.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

TABLE 6: Condensed Average Balance Sheets and Analysis of Net Interest Income on an FTE Basis

For the three months ended   March 31, 2016     March 31, 2015     Attribution of Change in
Net Interest Income(a)
 
($ in millions)   Average
Balance
    Revenue/
Cost
    Average
Yield/
Rate
   

Average

Balance

   

Revenue/

Cost

    Average
Yield/
Rate
    Volume      Yield/Rate      Total  

Assets

                   

Interest-earning assets:

                   

Loans and leases:(b)

                   

  Commercial and industrial loans

  $ 43,127       347       3.23  %    $ 41,462       323       3.16  %    $ 16          8          24   

  Commercial mortgage loans

    6,908       55       3.27       7,248       58       3.27       (3)          -          (3

  Commercial construction loans

    3,297       28       3.38       2,198       18       3.23       9          1          10   

  Commercial leases

    3,875       27       2.77       3,716       27       2.90       1          (1)          -   

Total commercial loans and leases

    57,207       457       3.22       54,624       426       3.16       23          8          31   

  Residential mortgage loans

    14,405       130       3.63       13,515       128       3.83       9          (7)          2   

  Home equity

    8,241       78       3.80       8,802       80       3.66       (5)          3          (2

  Automobile loans

    11,285       75       2.65       11,933       79       2.68       (3)          (1)          (4

  Credit card

    2,277       60       10.64       2,321       59       10.22       (1)          2          1   

  Other consumer loans and leases

    663       10       6.27       464       11       10.79       4          (5)          (1

Total consumer loans and leases

    36,871       353       3.85       37,035       357       3.91       4          (8)          (4

Total loans and leases

  $ 94,078       810       3.46  %    $ 91,659       783       3.46  %    $ 27          -          27   

Securities:

                   

  Taxable

    29,619       231       3.14       23,102       187       3.30       53          (9)          44   

  Exempt from income taxes(b)

    78       1       4.32       59       1       5.24       -          -          -   

Other short-term investments

    1,876       2       0.42       5,877       4       0.25       (4)          2          (2

Total interest-earning assets

  $     125,651       1,044       3.34  %    $     120,697       975       3.28  %    $ 76          (7)          69   

  Cash and due from banks

    2,335           2,830              

  Other assets

    14,869           15,412              

  Allowance for loan and lease losses

    (1,273                     (1,322                                          

Total assets

  $ 141,582                     $ 137,617                                            

Liabilities and Equity

                   

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                   

  Interest checking deposits

  $ 25,740       15       0.23  %    $ 26,885       13       0.20  %    $ -          2          2   

  Savings deposits

    14,601       2       0.04       15,174       3       0.07       -          (1)          (1

  Money market deposits

    18,655       11       0.25       17,492       14       0.32       1          (4)          (3

  Foreign office deposits

    483       -       0.15       861       -       0.20       -          -          -   

  Other time deposits

    4,035       12       1.22       4,022       12       1.17       (1)          1          -   

Total interest-bearing core deposits

    63,514       40       0.25       64,434       42       0.26       -          (2)          (2

  Certificates $100,000 and over

    2,815       9       1.28       2,683       8       1.16       -          1          1   

  Federal funds purchased

    608       1       0.36       172       -       0.09       1          -          1   

  Other short-term borrowings

    3,564       3       0.39       1,602       -       0.11       1          2          3   

  Long-term debt

    14,949       82       2.22       14,414       73       2.03       2          7          9   

Total interest-bearing liabilities

  $ 85,450       135       0.64  %    $ 83,305       123       0.60  %    $ 4          8          12   

Demand deposits

    35,201           33,760              

Other liabilities

    4,524                       4,693                                            

Total liabilities

  $ 125,175         $ 121,758              

Total equity

  $ 16,407                     $ 15,859                                            

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 141,582                     $ 137,617                                            

Net interest income (FTE)

    $ 909         $ 852       $ 72          (15)          57   

Net interest margin (FTE)

        2.91  %        2.86  %         

Net interest rate spread (FTE)

        2.70           2.68          

Interest-bearing liabilities to interest-earning assets

  

    68.01                       69.02                            
(a)

Changes in interest not solely due to volume or yield/rate are allocated in proportion to the absolute dollar amount of change in volume and yield/rate.

(b)

The FTE adjustments included in the above table were $6 and $5 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Provision for Loan and Lease Losses

The Bancorp provides as an expense an amount for probable loan and lease losses within the loan and lease portfolio that is based on factors previously discussed in the Critical Accounting Policies section of the Bancorp’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. The provision is recorded to bring the ALLL to a level deemed appropriate by the Bancorp to cover losses inherent in the portfolio. Actual credit losses on loans and leases are charged against the ALLL. The amount of loans and leases actually removed from the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are referred to as charge-offs. Net charge-offs include current period charge-offs less recoveries on previously charged-off loans and leases.

The provision for loan and lease losses was $119 million and $69 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The increase in provision expense for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily due to prolonged softness in commodity prices, slow global economic growth and appreciation in the US dollar. The ALLL increased $23 million from December 31, 2015 to $1.3 billion at March 31, 2016. At March 31, 2016, the ALLL as a percent of portfolio loans and leases increased to 1.38%, compared to 1.37% at December 31, 2015.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Refer to the Credit Risk Management subsection of the Risk Management section of MD&A as well as Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more detailed information on the provision for loan and lease losses, including an analysis of loan portfolio composition, nonperforming assets, net charge-offs, and other factors considered by the Bancorp in assessing the credit quality of the loan and lease portfolio and the ALLL.

Noninterest Income

Noninterest income increased $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015.

The components of noninterest income are as follows:

TABLE 7: Components of Noninterest Income

          For the three months ended
March 31,
        
($ in millions)        2016      2015     % Change  

Service charges on deposits

  $     137           135          1    

Investment advisory revenue

      102           108          (6)    

Corporate banking revenue

      102           63          62    

Card and processing revenue

      79           71          11    

Mortgage banking net revenue

      78           86          (9)    

Other noninterest income

      136           163          (17)    

Securities gains, net

        3           4          (25)    

Total noninterest income

  $     637           630          1    

Service charges on deposits

Service charges on deposits increased $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a $3 million increase in commercial deposit fees driven by new customer acquisition. This increase was partially offset by a $1 million decrease in consumer deposit fees primarily driven by a decrease in consumer checking fees.

Investment advisory revenue

Investment advisory revenue decreased $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a $4 million decrease in transactional securities and brokerage fees driven by lower sales and trading volume and a $2 million decrease in private client service fees due to a decrease in personal asset management fees. The Bancorp had approximately $303 billion and $308 billion in total assets under care as of March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and managed $26 billion and $27 billion in assets, respectively, for individuals, corporations and not-for-profit organizations as of March 31, 2016 and 2015.

Corporate banking revenue

Corporate banking revenue increased $39 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015. The increase from the prior year was primarily the result of increases in lease remarketing fees and syndication fees partially offset by decreases in foreign exchange fees and letter of credit fees. The increase in lease remarketing fees included the impact of a $30 million impairment charge related to operating lease equipment that was recognized during the first quarter of 2015. Syndication fees increased $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 as a result of increased activity in the market.

Card and processing revenue

Card and processing revenue increased $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily driven by an increase in the number of actively used cards and an increase in customer spend volume.

Mortgage banking net revenue

Mortgage banking net revenue decreased $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015.

The components of mortgage banking net revenue are as follows:

TABLE 8: Components of Mortgage Banking Net Revenue

 

 
            For the three months ended    
March 31,
 
($ in millions)       2016     2015  

 

 

Origination fees and gains on loan sales

  $     42       44        

Net mortgage servicing revenue:

     

  Gross mortgage servicing fees

      52       59        

  MSR amortization

      (27     (34)        

  Net valuation adjustments on MSRs and free-standing derivatives entered into to economically hedge MSRs

      11       17        

 

 

Net mortgage servicing revenue

      36       42        

 

 

Mortgage banking net revenue

  $     78       86        

 

 

Origination fees and gains on loan sales decreased $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a $44 million or 2% decrease in residential mortgage loan originations.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Net mortgage servicing revenue is comprised of gross servicing fees and related MSR amortization as well as valuation adjustments on MSRs and mark-to-market adjustments on both settled and outstanding free-standing derivative financial instruments used to economically hedge the MSR portfolio. Net mortgage servicing revenue decreased $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to decreases in gross mortgage servicing fees and net valuation adjustments of $7 million and $6 million, respectively, partially offset by a decrease in servicing rights amortization of $7 million.

The following table presents the components of net valuation adjustments on the MSR portfolio and the impact of the non-qualifying hedging strategy:

TABLE 9: Components of Net Valuation Adjustments on MSRs

 

 
            For the three months ended      
March 31,
 
($ in millions)       2016     2015  

 

 

Changes in fair value and settlement of free-standing derivatives purchased to economically hedge the MSR portfolio

  $     96       65        

Provision for MSR impairment

      (85     (48)        

 

 

Net valuation adjustments on MSR and free-standing derivatives entered into to economically hedge MSRs

  $     11       17        

 

 

Mortgage rates decreased during both the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 which caused modeled prepayment speeds to increase which led to temporary impairment on servicing rights during both the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

Servicing rights are deemed impaired when a borrower’s loan rate is distinctly higher than prevailing rates. Impairment on servicing rights is reversed when the prevailing rates return to a level commensurate with the borrower’s loan rate. Further detail on the valuation of MSRs can be found in Note 10 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The Bancorp maintains a non-qualifying hedging strategy to manage a portion of the risk associated with changes in the valuation on the MSR portfolio. Refer to Note 11 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the free-standing derivatives used to economically hedge the MSR portfolio.

The Bancorp’s total residential mortgage loans serviced as of March 31, 2016 and 2015 were $72.3 billion and $77.4 billion, respectively, with $57.8 billion and $64.2 billion, respectively, of residential mortgage loans serviced for others.

Other noninterest income

The following table presents the components of other noninterest income:

TABLE 10: Components of Other Noninterest Income

              For the three months ended    
March 31,
 
($ in millions)        2016     2015  

Valuation adjustments on the warrant associated with Vantiv Holding, LLC

  $     47       70      

Operating lease income

      24       22      

BOLI income

      13       12      

Equity method income from interest in Vantiv Holding, LLC

      13       9      

Cardholder fees

      11       11      

Gain on sale of branches

      8       -      

Consumer loan and lease fees

      5       6      

Banking center income

      5       5      

Private equity investment income

      4       4      

Insurance income

      3       4      

Net gains (losses) on disposition and impairment of bank premises and equipment

      1       (3)      

Gain (loss) on swap associated with the sale of Visa, Inc. class B shares

      1       (17)      

(Loss) gain on loan sales

      (2     40      

Other, net

        3       -      

Total other noninterest income

  $     136       163      

Other noninterest income decreased $27 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015. The decrease included a positive valuation adjustment on the stock warrant associated with Vantiv Holding, LLC of $47 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to a positive valuation adjustment of $70 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The fair value of the stock warrant is calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which utilizes several key inputs (Vantiv, Inc. stock price, strike price of the warrant and several unobservable inputs). The positive valuation adjustments for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were primarily due to increases of 14% and 11%, respectively, in Vantiv, Inc.’s share price from December 31, 2015 to March 31, 2016 and from December 31, 2014 to March 31, 2015. The decrease in the positive valuation adjustment in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the prior year period included the impact of the sale and exercise of a portion of the warrant during the fourth quarter of 2015. Additionally, gain on loan sales decreased $42 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a $37 million gain on the sale of residential mortgage loans classified as TDRs during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

The Bancorp recognized a $1 million positive valuation adjustment related to the Visa total return swap for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to a negative valuation adjustment of $17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. For additional information on the valuation of the warrant associated with the sale of Vantiv Holding, LLC and the valuation of the swap associated with the sale of Visa, Inc. Class B shares, refer to Note 20 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The three months ended March 31, 2016 also included the impact of a $8 million gain on the sale of its retail operations, including retail accounts, certain private banking deposits and related loan relationships in the St. Louis MSA to Great Southern Bank as part of the previously announced Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan. Equity method earnings from the Bancorp’s interest in Vantiv Holding, LLC increased $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to an increase in net income of Vantiv Holding, LLC. This increase was partially offset by a reduction in the Bancorp’s interest in Vantiv Holding, LLC from 23% in the first quarter of 2015 to 18% in the first quarter of 2016.

Noninterest Expense

Noninterest expense increased $63 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in personnel costs (salaries, wages and incentives plus employee benefits) and other noninterest expense.

The major components of noninterest expense are as follows:

TABLE 11: Components of Noninterest Expense

            For the three months ended  
March 31,
         
($ in millions)        2016     2015      % Change  

Salaries, wages and incentives

  $     403        369        9    

Employee benefits

      100        99        1    

Net occupancy expense

      77        79        (3)    

Technology and communications

      56        55        2    

Card and processing expense

      35        36        (3)    

Equipment expense

      30        31        (3)    

Other noninterest expense

        285        254        12    

Total noninterest expense

  $     986        923        7    

Efficiency ratio on an FTE basis

        63.8      62.3           

Personnel costs increased $35 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily driven by a $14 million increase in retirement costs related to the voluntary early retirement program as well as increases in base and variable compensation. Full-time equivalent employees totaled 18,200 at March 31, 2016 compared to 18,471 at March 31, 2015.

The following table presents the components of other noninterest expense:

TABLE 12: Components of Other Noninterest Expense

 

 
         For the three months ended 
March 31,
 
($ in millions)       2016      2015  

 

 

Impairment on affordable housing investments

  $     42        37       

FDIC insurance and other taxes

      34        16       

Marketing

      26        27       

Loan and lease

      23        27       

Losses and adjustments

      23        14       

Operating lease

      20        18       

Professional service fees

      15        12       

Travel

      12        13       

Data processing

      12        11       

Postal and courier

      11        12       

Recruitment and education

      9        7       

Provision for (benefit from) the reserve for unfunded commitments

      6        (5)       

Insurance

      4        5       

Supplies

      4        4       

Donations

      3        8       

Other, net

      41        48       

 

 

Total other noninterest expense

  $     285        254       

 

 

Other noninterest expense increased $31 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in FDIC insurance and other taxes, the provision for the reserve for unfunded commitments and losses and adjustments partially offset by a decrease in donations expense.

FDIC insurance and other taxes increased $18 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a settlement of a tax liability related to prior years during the first quarter of 2015 and an increase in the FDIC insurance assessment rate due to changes in the Bancorp’s asset mix as well as an increase in the assessment base. The provision for the reserve for unfunded commitments increased $11 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to an increase in estimated loss rates related to unfunded commitments. Losses and adjustments increased $9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to the impact of legal settlements in the first quarter of 2015. Donations expense decreased $5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to a $4 million contribution to the Fifth Third Foundation in the first quarter of 2015.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

The Bancorp continues to focus on efficiency initiatives as part of its core emphasis on operating leverage and expense control. The efficiency ratio (noninterest expense divided by the sum of net interest income (FTE) and noninterest income) was 63.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to 62.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Applicable Income Taxes

The following table presents the Bancorp’s income before income taxes, applicable income tax expense and effective tax rate:

TABLE 13: Applicable Income Taxes

 

 
          For the three months ended  
March 31,
 
($ in millions)       2016     2015  

 

 

Income before income taxes

  $     435        485      

Applicable income tax expense

      108        124      

Effective tax rate

      25.0      25.6      

 

 

Applicable income tax expense for all periods includes the benefit from tax-exempt income, tax-advantaged investments, and tax credits, partially offset by the effect of certain nondeductible expenses. The tax credits are associated with the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit program established under Section 42 of the IRC, the New Markets Tax Credit program established under Section 45D of the IRC, the Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credit program established under Section 47 of the IRC, and the Qualified Zone Academy Bond program established under Section 1397E of the IRC.

As required under U.S. GAAP, the Bancorp established a deferred tax asset for stock-based awards granted to its employees and directors. When the actual tax deduction for these stock-based awards is less than the expense previously recognized for financial reporting or when the awards expire unexercised and where the Bancorp has not accumulated an excess tax benefit for previously exercised or released stock-based awards, the Bancorp is required to recognize a non-cash charge to income tax expense upon the write-off of the deferred tax asset previously established for these stock-based awards. As the Bancorp had an accumulated excess tax benefit at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015, the Bancorp was not required to recognize a non-cash charge to income tax expense related to stock-based awards for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

Based on the Bancorp’s stock price at March 31, 2016 and the amount of the Bancorp’s accumulated excess tax benefit through the quarter ended March 31, 2016, the Bancorp believes it is likely that it will exhaust its accumulated excess tax benefit in the second quarter of 2016 and will therefore be required to recognize a non-cash charge to income tax expense of approximately $4 million over the next 12 months, primarily in the second quarter of 2016. However, the Bancorp cannot predict its stock price or whether its employees will exercise other stock-based awards with lower exercise prices in the future. Therefore, it is possible the Bancorp may be required to recognize a non-cash charge to income tax expense in the future.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

BALANCE SHEET ANALYSIS

Loans and Leases

The Bancorp classifies its commercial loans and leases based upon primary purpose and consumer loans and leases based upon product or collateral. Table 14 summarizes end of period loans and leases, including loans held for sale and Table 15 summarizes average total loans and leases, including loans held for sale.

TABLE 14: Components of Loans and Leases (including held for sale)

          March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  
As of ($ in millions)        Carrying Value      % of Total          Carrying Value      % of Total    

Commercial loans and leases:

            

Commercial and industrial loans

  $     43,441         46        $ 42,151         46      

Commercial mortgage loans

      6,874         7          6,991         7      

Commercial construction loans

      3,428         4          3,214         3      

Commercial leases

        3,956         4          3,854         4      

Total commercial loans and leases

        57,699         61          56,210         60      

Consumer loans and leases:

            

Residential mortgage loans

      14,563         15          14,424         15      

Home equity

      8,131         9          8,336         9      

Automobile loans

      11,129         12          11,497         12      

Credit card

      2,235         2          2,360         3      

Other consumer loans and leases

        651         1          658         1      

Total consumer loans and leases

        36,709         39          37,275         40      

Total loans and leases

  $     94,408         100        $ 93,485         100      

Total portfolio loans and leases (excluding loans held for sale)

  $     93,605                $ 92,582            

Loans and leases, including loans held for sale, increased $923 million, or 1%, from December 31, 2015. The increase from December 31, 2015 was the result of a $1.5 billion, or 3%, increase in commercial loans and leases, partially offset by a $566 million, or 2%, decrease in consumer loans and leases.

Commercial loans and leases increased from December 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in commercial and industrial loans and commercial construction loans partially offset by a decrease in commercial mortgage loans. Commercial and industrial loans increased $1.3 billion, or 3%, from December 31, 2015 primarily as a result of increases in new loan origination activity and line utilization. Commercial construction loans increased $214 million, or 7%, from December 31, 2015 primarily as a result of an increase in new loan origination activity resulting from an increase in demand and targeted marketing efforts. Commercial mortgage loans decreased $117 million, or 2%, from December 31, 2015 primarily due to a decline in new loan origination activity driven by increased competition and an increase in paydowns.

Consumer loans and leases decreased from December 31, 2015 primarily due to decreases in automobile loans, home equity and credit card, partially offset by an increase in residential mortgage loans. Automobile loans decreased $368 million, or 3%, from December 31, 2015 and home equity decreased $205 million, or 2%, from December 31, 2015 as payoffs exceeded new loan production. Credit card decreased $125 million, or 5%, from December 31, 2015 primarily due to seasonal trends from the paydown of year-end balances which were higher due to holiday spending. Residential mortgage loans increased $139 million, or 1%, from December 31, 2015 primarily due to the continued retention of certain conforming ARMs and certain other fixed-rate loans originated during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

TABLE 15: Components of Average Loans and Leases (including held for sale)

          March 31, 2016      March 31, 2015  
For the three months ended ($ in millions)        Carrying Value      % of Total          Carrying Value      % of Total    

Commercial loans and leases:

            

Commercial and industrial loans

  $     43,127         46        $ 41,462         45      

Commercial mortgage loans

      6,908         7          7,248         8      

Commercial construction loans

      3,297         4          2,198         3      

Commercial leases

        3,875         4          3,716         4      

Total commercial loans and leases

        57,207         61          54,624         60      

Consumer loans and leases:

            

Residential mortgage loans

      14,405         15          13,515         15      

Home equity

      8,241         9          8,802         10      

Automobile loans

      11,285         12          11,933         13      

Credit card

      2,277         2          2,321         2      

Other consumer loans and leases

        663         1          464         -      

Total consumer loans and leases

        36,871         39          37,035         40      

Total average loans and leases

  $     94,078         100        $ 91,659         100      

Total average portfolio loans and leases (excluding loans held for sale)

  $     93,275                $ 90,508            

Average loans and leases, including loans held for sale, increased $2.4 billion, or 3%, from March 31, 2015. The increase from March 31, 2015 was the result of a $2.6 billion, or 5%, increase in average commercial loans, partially offset by a $164 million decrease in average consumer loans and leases.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Average commercial loans and leases increased from March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in average commercial and industrial loans and average commercial construction loans partially offset by a decrease in average commercial mortgage loans. Average commercial and industrial loans increased $1.7 billion, or 4%, from March 31, 2015 primarily as a result of increases in new loan origination activity and line utilization. Average commercial construction loans increased $1.1 billion, or 50%, from March 31, 2015 primarily as a result of an increase in new loan origination activity resulting from an increase in demand and targeted marketing efforts. Average commercial mortgage loans decreased $340 million, or 5%, from March 31, 2015 primarily due to a decline in new loan origination activity driven by increased competition and an increase in paydowns.

Average consumer loans and leases decreased from March 31, 2015 primarily due to decreases in average automobile and average home equity, partially offset by increases in average residential mortgage loans and average other consumer loans and leases. Average automobile loans decreased $648 million, or 5%, from March 31, 2015 and average home equity decreased $561 million, or 6%, from March 31, 2015 as payoffs exceeded new loan production. Average residential mortgage loans increased $890 million, or 7%, from March 31, 2015 primarily driven by the continued retention of certain conforming ARMs and certain other fixed-rate loans. Average other consumer loans and leases increased $199 million, or 43%, from March 31, 2015 primarily as a result of an increase in new loan origination activity.

Investment Securities

The Bancorp uses investment securities as a means of managing interest rate risk, providing liquidity support and providing collateral for pledging purposes. Total investment securities were $30.4 billion and $29.5 billion at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The taxable investment securities portfolio had an effective duration of 4.8 years at March 31, 2016 compared to 5.1 years at December 31, 2015.

Securities are classified as trading when bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term. Securities are classified as available-for-sale when, in management’s judgment, they may be sold in response to, or in anticipation of, changes in market conditions. Securities that management has the intent and ability to hold to maturity are classified as held-to-maturity and reported at amortized cost.

At March 31, 2016, the Bancorp’s investment portfolio consisted primarily of AAA-rated available-for-sale securities. Securities classified as below investment grade were immaterial as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The Bancorp’s management has evaluated the securities in an unrealized loss position in the available-for-sale and held-to-maturity portfolios for OTTI. The Bancorp recognized $2 million and $1 million of OTTI on its available-for sale and other debt securities, included in securities gains, net, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Bancorp recognized $1 million of OTTI on its available-for-sale equity securities, included in securities gains, net, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income during the three months ended March 31, 2016. The Bancorp did not recognize OTTI on its held-to-maturity debt securities during the three months ended March 31, 2016. The Bancorp did not recognize OTTI on any of its available-for-sale equity securities or its held-to-maturity debt securities during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

TABLE 16: Components of Investment Securities

As of ($ in millions)          March 31,    
      2016     
     December 31,      
2015      
 

Available-for-sale and other securities: (amortized cost basis)

     

U.S. Treasury and federal agencies securities

   $ 1,131                 1,155               

Obligations of states and political subdivisions securities

     50                 50               

Mortgage-backed securities:

     

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities(a)

     14,586                 14,811               

Agency commercial mortgage-backed securities

     7,837                 7,795               

Non-agency commercial mortgage-backed securities

     3,005                 2,801               

Asset-backed securities and other debt securities

     1,526                 1,363               

Equity securities(b)

     703                 703               

Total available-for-sale and other securities

   $         28,838                 28,678               

Held-to-maturity securities: (amortized cost basis)

     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions securities

   $ 62                 68               

Asset-backed securities and other debt securities

     2                 2               

Total held-to-maturity securities

   $ 64                 70               

Trading securities: (fair value)

     

U.S. Treasury and federal agencies securities

   $ 18                 19               

Obligations of states and political subdivisions securities

     54                 9               

Mortgage-backed securities:

     

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities

     5                 6               

Agency commercial mortgage-backed securities

     1                 -               

Asset-backed securities and other debt securities

     23                 19               

Equity securities

     304                 333               

Total trading securities

   $ 405                 386               
(a)

Includes interest-only mortgage-backed securities of $41 and $50 as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, recorded at fair value with fair value changes recorded in securities gains, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

(b)

Equity securities consist of FHLB, FRB and DTCC restricted stock holdings that are carried at par, FHLMC and FNMA preferred stock holdings and certain mutual fund holdings and equity security holdings.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

On an amortized cost basis, available-for-sale and other securities increased $160 million, or 1%, from December 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in non-agency commercial mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities and other debt securities, partially offset by a decrease in agency residential mortgage-backed securities.

On an amortized cost basis, available-for-sale and other securities were 23% of total interest-earning assets at both March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The estimated weighted-average life of the debt securities in the available-for-sale and other portfolio was 6.0 years at March 31, 2016 compared to 6.4 years at December 31, 2015. In addition, at March 31, 2016, the available-for-sale and other securities portfolio had a weighted-average yield of 3.21%, compared to 3.19% at December 31, 2015.

Information presented in Table 17 is on a weighted-average life basis, anticipating future prepayments. Yield information is presented on an FTE basis and is computed using amortized cost balances. Maturity and yield calculations for the total available-for-sale and other portfolio exclude equity securities that have no stated yield or maturity. Total net unrealized gains on the available-for-sale and other securities portfolio were $1.1 billion at March 31, 2016 compared to $366 million at December 31, 2015. The increase from December 31, 2015 was primarily due to a decrease in interest rates during the three months ended March 31, 2016. The fair value of investment securities is impacted by interest rates, credit spreads, market volatility and liquidity conditions. The fair value of investment securities generally increases when interest rates decrease or when credit spreads contract.

TABLE 17: Characteristics of Available-for-Sale and Other Securities

As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)      Amortized Cost     Fair Value     Weighted-Average
Life (in years)
    Weighted-Average    
Yield    
 

U.S. Treasury and federal agencies securities:

       

Average life of 1 year or less

  $ 572                582             0.5                3.82 %           

Average life 1 – 5 years

    559                579             1.7                3.73              

Total

  $ 1,131                1,161             1.1                3.77 %           

Obligations of states and political subdivisions securities:(a)

       

Average life of 1 year or less

    15                14             0.5                0.01              

Average life 1 – 5 years

    1                1             1.9                5.80              

Average life 5 – 10 years

    34                37             7.0                3.93              

Total

  $ 50                52             5.1                2.80 %           

Agency residential mortgage-backed securities:

       

Average life of 1 year or less

    151                163             0.9                4.11              

Average life 1 – 5 years

    6,561                6,792             3.6                3.39              

Average life 5 – 10 years

    7,312                7,577             6.0                3.18              

Average life greater than 10 years

    562                597             12.2                3.48              

Total

  $ 14,586                15,129             5.1                3.30 %           

Agency commercial mortgage-backed securities:

       

Average life 1 – 5 years

    1,128                1,183             4.2                3.12              

Average life 5 – 10 years

    6,512                6,815             8.1                3.00              

Average life greater than 10 years

    197                207             12.2                3.20              

Total

  $ 7,837                8,205             7.7                3.02 %           

Non-agency commercial mortgage-backed securities:

       

Average life of 1 year or less

    86                87             0.3                4.14              

Average life 1 – 5 years

    501                517             3.2                3.32              

Average life 5 – 10 years

    2,418                2,516             8.1                3.27              

Total

  $ 3,005                3,120             7.0                3.30 %           

Asset-backed securities and other debt securities:

       

Average life of 1 year or less

    40                41             0.9                3.67              

Average life 1 – 5 years

    657                660             2.9                3.03              

Average life 5 – 10 years

    341                330             8.0                2.73              

Average life greater than 10 years

    488                489             13.8                2.19              

Total

  $ 1,526                1,520             7.5                2.71 %           

Equity securities

    703                704                        

Total available-for-sale and other securities

  $ 28,838                29,891             6.0                3.21 %           
(a)

Taxable-equivalent yield adjustments included in the above table are 0.00%, 0.24%, 2.14% and 1.49% for securities with an average life of 1 year or less, 1-5 years, 5-10 years and in total, respectively.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Deposits

The Bancorp’s deposit balances represent an important source of funding and revenue growth opportunity. The Bancorp continues to focus on core deposit growth in its retail and commercial franchises by improving customer satisfaction, building full relationships and offering competitive rates. Core deposits represented 70% and 71% of the Bancorp’s asset funding base at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

TABLE 18: Components of Deposits

           March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015  
As of ($ in millions)         Balance        % of Total     Balance        % of Total  

Demand

  $      35,858          35         $ 36,267          35      

Interest checking

       25,182          25           26,768          26      

Savings

       14,738          14           14,601          14      

Money market

       19,377          19           18,494          18      

Foreign office

         441          -            464          -       

Transaction deposits

       95,596          93           96,594          93      

Other time

         4,049          4           4,019          4      

Core deposits

       99,645          97           100,613          97      

Certificates $100,000 and over(a)

         2,830          3           2,592          3      

Total deposits

  $      102,475          100         $     103,205          100      
(a)

Includes $1,381 and $1,449 of certificates $250,000 and over at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

Core deposits decreased $968 million, or 1%, from December 31, 2015 driven primarily by a decrease of $998 million, or 1%, in transaction deposits. Transaction deposits decreased from December 31, 2015 primarily due to decreases in interest checking deposits and demand deposits, partially offset by increases in money market deposits and savings deposits. Interest checking deposits decreased $1.6 billion, or 6%, from December 31, 2015 driven primarily by lower balances per account for commercial customers. Demand deposits decreased $409 million, or 1%, from December 31, 2015 primarily due to uninvested trust funds held in demand deposit accounts at December 31, 2015 that were invested into non-deposit products during the first quarter of 2016. Money market deposits increased $883 million, or 5%, from December 31, 2015 driven primarily by a promotional product offering during the first quarter of 2016 and higher balances for existing customers. Savings deposits increased $137 million, or 1%, from December 31, 2015. The Bancorp uses certificates $100,000 and over as a method to fund earning assets. Certificates $100,000 and over increased $238 million, or 9%, from December 31, 2015 primarily due to the issuance of institutional certificates of deposit during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

The following table presents average deposits for the three months ended:

TABLE 19: Components of Average Deposits

           March 31, 2016        March 31, 2015     
($ in millions)         Balance        % of Total     Balance        % of Total   

Demand

  $      35,201          35         $ 33,760          33       

Interest checking

       25,740          26           26,885          27       

Savings

       14,601          14           15,174          15       

Money market

       18,655          18           17,492          17       

Foreign office

         483          -            861          1       

Transaction deposits

       94,680          93           94,172          93       

Other time

         4,035          4           4,022          4       

Core deposits

       98,715          97           98,194          97       

Certificates $100,000 and over(a)

         2,815          3           2,683          3       

Total average deposits

  $      101,530          100         $     100,877          100       
(a)

Includes $1,395 and $1,501 of average certificates $250,000 and over for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

On an average basis, core deposits increased $521 million, or 1%, from March 31, 2015 primarily due to an increase of $508 million, or 1%, in average transaction deposits. The increase in average transaction deposits was driven by increases in average demand deposits and average money market deposits, partially offset by decreases in average interest checking deposits, average savings deposits and average foreign office deposits. Average demand deposits increased $1.4 billion, or 4%, from March 31, 2015 primarily due to increases in average commercial and consumer account balances. Average money market deposits increased $1.2 billion, or 7%, primarily due to higher customer balances per commercial customer account and the acquisition of new commercial customers. The remaining increase was driven by a promotional product offering which drove balance migration from savings deposits which decreased $573 million, or 4%, compared to March 31, 2015. Average interest checking deposits decreased $1.1 billion, or 4%, from March 31, 2015 primarily due to a decrease in average commercial customer balances per account. Average foreign office deposits decreased $378 million, or 44%, from March 31, 2015 primarily due to lower average balances per account. Average certificates $100,000 and over increased $132 million, or 5%, from March 31, 2015 primarily due to the previously mentioned issuance of institutional certificates of deposit during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Contractual maturities

The contractual maturities of certificates $100,000 and over as of March 31, 2016 are summarized in the following table:

TABLE 20: Contractual Maturities of Certificates $100,000 and over

 

 

($ in millions)

  

 

 

Next 3 months

   $ 311   

3-6 months

     508   

6-12 months

     243   

After 12 months

     1,768   

Total certificates $100,000 and over

   $         2,830   

The contractual maturities of other time deposits and certificates $100,000 and over as of March 31, 2016 are summarized in the following table:

TABLE 21: Contractual Maturities of Other Time Deposits and Certificates $100,000 and over

 

 

($ in millions)

  

 

 

Next 12 months

   $ 2,531   

13-24 months

     1,783   

25-36 months

     487   

37-48 months

     1,371   

49-60 months

     684   

After 60 months

     23   

Total other time deposits and certificates $100,000 and over

   $         6,879   

Borrowings

Total borrowings increased $1.5 billion, or 9%, from December 31, 2015. Table 22 summarizes the end of period components of total borrowings. As of March 31, 2016, total borrowings as a percent of interest-bearing liabilities were 22% compared to 21% at December 31, 2015.

TABLE 22: Components of Borrowings

As of ($ in millions)    March 31, 2016     December 31, 2015   

Federal funds purchased

   $ 134              151           

Other short-term borrowings

     3,523              1,507           

Long-term debt

     15,305              15,810           

Total borrowings

   $                18,962                             17,468           

Other short-term borrowings increased $2.0 billion from December 31, 2015 primarily driven by an increase of $2.0 billion in FHLB short-term borrowings. The level of other short-term borrowings can fluctuate significantly from period to period depending on funding needs and which sources are used to satisfy those needs. For further information on the components of other short-term borrowings, refer to Note 12 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Long-term debt decreased $505 million, or 3%, from December 31, 2015 primarily driven by the maturity of $1.7 billion of unsecured senior bank notes and $385 million of pay-downs on long-term debt associated with automobile loan securitizations, partially offset by issuances in the first quarter of 2016 of $750 million of unsecured senior fixed-rate bank notes and $750 million of unsecured subordinated fixed-rate bank notes. For additional information regarding automobile securitizations and long-term debt, refer to Note 9 and Note 13, respectively, of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

The following table presents average borrowings for the three months ended:

TABLE 23: Components of Average Borrowings

($ in millions)    March 31, 2016     March 31, 2015      

Federal funds purchased

   $ 608             172            

Other short-term borrowings

     3,564              1,602             

Long-term debt

     14,949              14,414             

Total average borrowings

   $                19,121                             16,188             

Total average borrowings increased $2.9 billion, or 18%, compared to March 31, 2015, primarily due to a $2.0 billion increase in average other short-term borrowings and a $535 million increase in average long-term debt due to the aforementioned activities, coupled with a $436 million increase in average federal funds purchased. The level of average federal funds purchased can fluctuate significantly from period to period depending on funding needs and which sources are used to satisfy those needs. Information on the average rates paid on borrowings is discussed in the Net Interest Income subsection of the Statements of Income Analysis section of MD&A. In addition, refer to the Liquidity Risk Management subsection of the Risk Management section of MD&A for a discussion on the role of borrowings in the Bancorp’s liquidity management.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

BUSINESS SEGMENT REVIEW

The Bancorp reports on four business segments: Commercial Banking, Branch Banking, Consumer Lending and Investment Advisors. Additional information on each business segment is included in Note 21 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Results of the Bancorp’s business segments are presented based on its management structure and management accounting practices. The structure and accounting practices are specific to the Bancorp; therefore, the financial results of the Bancorp’s business segments are not necessarily comparable with similar information for other financial institutions. The Bancorp refines its methodologies from time to time as management’s accounting practices or businesses change.

The Bancorp manages interest rate risk centrally at the corporate level and employs an FTP methodology at the business segment level. This methodology insulates the business segments from interest rate volatility, enabling them to focus on serving customers through loan and deposit products. The FTP system assigns charge rates and credit rates to classes of assets and liabilities, respectively, based on expected duration and the U.S. swap curve. Matching duration allocates interest income and interest expense to each business segment so its resulting net interest income is insulated from interest rate risk. In a rising rate environment, the Bancorp benefits from the widening spread between deposit costs and wholesale funding costs. However, the Bancorp’s FTP system credits this benefit to deposit-providing businesses, such as Branch Banking and Investment Advisors, on a duration-adjusted basis. The net impact of the FTP methodology is captured in General Corporate and Other.

The Bancorp adjusts the FTP charge and credit rates as dictated by changes in interest rates for various interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities and by the review of the estimated durations for the indeterminate-lived deposits. The credit rate provided for demand deposit accounts is reviewed annually based upon the account type, its estimated duration and the corresponding federal funds, U.S. swap curve or swap rate. The credit rates for several deposit products were reset January 1, 2016 to reflect the current market rates and updated market assumptions. These rates were generally higher than those in place during 2015, thus net interest income for deposit-providing businesses was positively impacted during 2016. FTP charge rates on assets were affected by the prevailing level of interest rates and by the duration and repricing characteristics of the portfolio. As overall market rates increased, the FTP charge increased for asset-generating businesses, thus negatively affecting net interest income during 2016.

During the first quarter of 2016, the Bancorp refined its methodology for allocating provision expense to the business segments to include charges or benefits associated with changes in criticized commercial loan levels in addition to actual net charge-offs experienced by the loans and leases owned by each business segment. The results of operations and financial position for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were adjusted to reflect this change. Provision expense attributable to loan and lease growth and changes in ALLL factors are captured in General Corporate and Other. The financial results of the business segments include allocations for shared services and headquarters expenses. Additionally, the business segments form synergies by taking advantage of cross-sell opportunities and when funding operations by accessing the capital markets as a collective unit.

The results of operations and financial position for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were adjusted to reflect changes in internal expense allocation methodologies.

The following table summarizes net income (loss) by business segment:

TABLE 24: Net Income (Loss) by Business Segment

           For the three months ended 
 March 31, 
($ in millions)        2016          2015         

Income Statement Data

      

Commercial Banking

  $   211     163       

Branch Banking

    110     72       

Consumer Lending

       47       

Investment Advisors

    23     13       

General Corporate and Other

      (25)    66       

Net income

    327     361       

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

         -       

Net income attributable to Bancorp

    327     361       

Dividends on preferred stock

      15     15       

Net income available to common shareholders

  $              312     346       

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Commercial Banking

Commercial Banking offers credit intermediation, cash management and financial services to large and middle-market businesses and government and professional customers. In addition to the traditional lending and depository offerings, Commercial Banking products and services include global cash management, foreign exchange and international trade finance, derivatives and capital markets services, asset-based lending, real estate finance, public finance, commercial leasing and syndicated finance.

The following table contains selected financial data for the Commercial Banking segment:

TABLE 25: Commercial Banking

            For the three months ended 
 March 31, 
($ in millions)         2016     2015         

Income Statement Data

      

Net interest income (FTE)(a)

  $    457   397       

Provision for loan and lease losses

     65   42       

Noninterest income:

      

Corporate banking revenue

     102   62       

Service charges on deposits

     73   70       

Other noninterest income

     48   42       

Noninterest expense:

      

Personnel costs

     80   80       

Other noninterest expense

       283   268       

Income before income taxes

     252   181       

Applicable income tax expense(a)(b)

       41   18       

Net income

  $    211   163       

Average Balance Sheet Data

      

Commercial loans and leases, including held for sale

  $    54,071         51,481       

Demand deposits

     20,414   19,959       

Interest checking deposits

     8,975   9,245       

Savings and money market deposits

     6,733   6,053       

Other time deposits and certificates $100,000 and over

     1,126   1,337       

Foreign office deposits

       482   852       
(a)

Includes FTE adjustments of $6 and $5 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

(b)

Applicable income tax expense for all periods includes the tax benefit from tax-exempt income and business tax credits, partially offset by the effect of certain nondeductible expenses. Refer to the Applicable Income Taxes section of MD&A for additional information.

Net income was $211 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to net income of $163 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The increase in net income was driven by increases in net interest income and noninterest income partially offset by increases in the provision for loan and leases losses and noninterest expense.

Net interest income on an FTE basis increased $60 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase was driven primarily by an increase in average commercial loan and lease balances as well as an increase in their yields of 8 bps. The increase in net interest income was also due to an increase in FTP credit rates on core deposits. These increases for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year were partially offset by an increase in FTP charge rates on loans and leases.

Provision for loan and lease losses increased $23 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year due to an increase in charge-offs of commercial and industrial loans, primarily in the energy portfolio and related to oil field services loans and an increase in criticized commercial loans. Net charge-offs as a percent of average portfolio loans and leases increased to 37 bps for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to 26 bps for the same period in the prior year.

Noninterest income increased $49 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year as a result of increases in corporate banking revenue, other noninterest income and service charges on deposits. Corporate banking revenue increased $40 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by a $30 million impairment charge related to operating lease equipment that was recognized during the first quarter of 2015. The increase was also driven by increases in syndication fees as a result of increased activity in the market, partially offset by decreases in foreign exchange fees and letter of credit fees compared to the same period in the prior year. Other noninterest income increased $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to increases in card and processing revenue and operating lease income. Service charges on deposits increased $3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to the acquisition of new customers.

Noninterest expense increased $15 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year driven by an increase in other noninterest expense. The increase in other noninterest expense was primarily driven by increases in corporate overhead allocations and impairment on affordable housing investments, partially offset by a decrease in expenses related to OREO.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Average commercial loans increased $2.6 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to increases in average commercial and industrial loans and average commercial construction loans partially offset by a decrease in average commercial mortgage loans. Average commercial and industrial loans increased $1.7 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily as a result of an increase in new loan origination activity and line utilization. Average commercial construction loans increased $1.1 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily as a result of an increase in new loan origination activity resulting from an increase in demand and targeted marketing efforts. Average commercial mortgage loans decreased $314 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a decline in new loan origination activity driven by increased competition and an increase in paydowns.

Average core deposits increased $489 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by increases in average savings and money market deposits and average demand deposits which increased $680 million and $455 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. These increases were partially offset by decreases in average foreign deposits and average interest checking deposits of $370 million and $270 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year.

Branch Banking

Branch Banking provides a full range of deposit and loan products to individuals and small businesses through 1,241 full-service banking centers. Branch Banking offers depository and loan products, such as checking and savings accounts, home equity loans and lines of credit, credit cards and loans for automobiles and other personal financing needs, as well as products designed to meet the specific needs of small businesses, including cash management services.

The following table contains selected financial data for the Branch Banking segment:

TABLE 26: Branch Banking

            For the three months ended 
March 31, 
 
($ in millions)          2016        2015  

Income Statement Data

      

Net interest income

  $          426        377         

Provision for loan and lease losses

      34        42         

Noninterest income:

      

Service charges on deposits

      64        65         

Card and processing revenue

      61        55         

Investment advisory revenue

      35        39         

Other noninterest income

      29        17         

Noninterest expense:

      

Personnel costs

      132        135         

Net occupancy and equipment expense

      59        61         

Card and processing expense

      34        34         

Other noninterest expense

            186        170         

Income before income taxes

      170        111         

Applicable income tax expense

            60        39         

Net income

  $          110        72         

Average Balance Sheet Data

      

Consumer loans, including held for sale

  $          13,903        14,657         

Commercial loans, including held for sale

      1,946        1,990         

Demand deposits

      13,131        12,185         

Interest checking deposits

      9,430        9,112         

Savings and money market deposits

      25,326        25,530         

Other time deposits and certificates $100,000 and over

            5,210        5,054         

Net income was $110 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to net income of $72 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The increase was driven by increases in net interest income and noninterest income as well as a decrease in the provision for loan and lease losses partially offset by an increase in noninterest expense.

Net interest income increased $49 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to an increase in FTP credit rates on core deposits and a decrease in interest expense on core deposits driven by a decrease in the rates paid. These benefits were partially offset by a decrease in interest income on residential mortgage loans and home equity loans driven by a decline in average balances and a decrease in interest income on other consumer loans driven by a decline in yields. Additionally, net interest income was impacted by an increase in FTP charge rates on loans and leases.

Provision for loan and lease losses decreased $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to improved credit trends. Net charge-offs as a percent of average portfolio loans and leases decreased to 89 bps for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to 103 bps for the same period in the prior year.

Noninterest income increased $13 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by increases in other noninterest income and card and processing revenue partially offset by a decrease in investment advisory revenue.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Other noninterest income increased $12 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by a gain of $8 million on the sale of certain St. Louis branches as part of the previously announced Branch Consolidation and Sales Plan and an increase in gains on the disposition of other fixed assets. Card and processing revenue increased $6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year as a result of an increase in the number of actively used cards and an increase in customer spend volume. Investment advisory revenue decreased $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a decrease in transactional securities and brokerage fees driven by lower sales and trading volume.

Noninterest expense increased $11 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by an increase in other noninterest expense partially offset by decreases in personnel costs and net occupancy and equipment expense. Other noninterest expense increased $16 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by an increase in corporate overhead allocations. Personnel costs decreased $3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year driven by a decrease in base compensation. Net occupancy and equipment expense decreased $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a decrease in rent expense driven by a reduction in the number of full-service banking centers and ATM locations.

Average consumer loans decreased $754 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was primarily driven by decreases in average home equity loans and average residential mortgage loans of $461 million and $247 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year as payoffs exceeded new loan production. Average commercial loans decreased $44 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was primarily driven by decreases in average commercial mortgage loans and average commercial and industrial loans of $28 million and $12 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year as payoffs exceeded new loan production.

Average core deposits increased $1.1 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by growth in average demand deposits and average interest checking deposits of $946 million and $318 million, respectively, due to an increase in average balances per customer account.

Consumer Lending

Consumer Lending includes the Bancorp’s residential mortgage, home equity, automobile and other indirect lending activities. Lending activities include the origination, retention and servicing of residential mortgage and home equity loans or lines of credit, sales and securitizations of those loans, pools of loans or lines of credit and all associated hedging activities. Indirect lending activities include extending loans to consumers through correspondent lenders and automobile dealers.

The following table contains selected financial data for the Consumer Lending segment:

TABLE 27: Consumer Lending

             For the three months ended
March 31,
 
($ in millions)           2016      2015  

Income Statement Data

       

Net interest income

  $           60        63        

Provision for loan and lease losses

       12        14        

Noninterest income:

       

Mortgage banking net revenue

       77        85        

Other noninterest income

       6        44        

Noninterest expense:

       

Personnel costs

       48        45        

Other noninterest expense

             70        60        

Income before income taxes

       13        73        

Applicable income tax expense

             5        26        

Net income

  $           8        47        

Average Balance Sheet Data

       

Residential mortgage loans, including held for sale

  $           9,836        9,032        

Home equity

       384        452        

Automobile loans

       10,772        11,422        

Other consumer loans, including held for sale

             -         24        

Net income was $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to net income of $47 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The decrease was driven by decreases in noninterest income and net interest income as well as an increase in noninterest expense partially offset by a decrease in the provision for loan and lease losses.

Net interest income decreased $3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was primarily driven by a decrease in average automobile loan balances and a decrease in the yields on average residential mortgage loans partially offset by an increase in average residential mortgage loan balances.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Provision for loan and lease losses decreased $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to improved delinquency metrics on residential mortgage loans. Net charge-offs as a percent of average portfolio loans and leases decreased to 23 bps for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to 29 bps for the same period in the prior year.

Noninterest income decreased $46 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to decreases in other noninterest income and mortgage banking net revenue. Other noninterest income decreased $38 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a $37 million gain on the sale of held for sale residential mortgage loans classified as TDRs in the first quarter of 2015. Mortgage banking net revenue decreased $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was due to a $2 million decrease in mortgage origination fees and gains on loan sales and a $6 million decrease in net mortgage servicing revenue. Refer to the Noninterest Income section of MD&A for additional information on the fluctuations in mortgage banking net revenue.

Noninterest expense increased $13 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by an increase in other noninterest expense. Other noninterest expense increased $10 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to the impact of legal settlements in the first quarter of 2015 and an increase in corporate overhead allocations.

Average consumer loans and leases increased $62 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. Average residential mortgage loans increased $804 million compared to the same period in the prior year primarily driven by the continued retention of certain conforming ARMs and certain other fixed-rate loans. Average automobile loans decreased $650 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year as payoffs exceeded new loan production.

Investment Advisors

Investment Advisors provides a full range of investment alternatives for individuals, companies and not-for-profit organizations. Investment Advisors is made up of four main businesses: FTS, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Bancorp; ClearArc Capital, Inc., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Bancorp; Fifth Third Private Bank; and Fifth Third Institutional Services. FTS offers full-service retail brokerage services to individual clients and broker dealer services to the institutional marketplace. ClearArc Capital, Inc. provides asset management services. Fifth Third Private Bank offers holistic strategies to affluent clients in wealth planning, investing, insurance and wealth protection. Fifth Third Institutional Services provides advisory services for institutional clients including states and municipalities.

The following table contains selected financial data for the Investment Advisors segment:

TABLE 28: Investment Advisors

            For the three months ended  
          March 31,  
($ in millions)          2016       2015  

Income Statement Data

     

Net interest income

    $        43       29         

Provision for loan and lease losses

      -       1         

Noninterest income:

     

Investment advisory revenue

      99       105         

Other noninterest income

      1       2         

Noninterest expense:

     

Personnel costs

      45       44         

Other noninterest expense

            62       71         

Income before income taxes

      36       20         

Applicable income tax expense

            13       7         

Net income

  $          23       13         

Average Balance Sheet Data

     

Loans and leases, including held for sale

  $          3,067       2,500         

Core deposits

            8,864       9,791         

Net income was $23 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to net income of $13 million for the same period in the prior year. The increase in net income was primarily due to an increase in net interest income and a decrease in noninterest expense partially offset by a decrease in noninterest income.

Net interest income increased $14 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to an increase in FTP credit rates on core deposits and an increase in interest income on loans and leases driven by an increase in average balances. The increase in net interest income was partially offset by an increase in FTP charges due to an increase in average loan balances and an increase in FTP charge rates on loans and leases.

Noninterest income decreased $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a $6 million decrease in investment advisory revenue driven by a $4 million decrease in transactional securities and brokerage fees driven by lower sales and trading volume and a $2 million decrease in private client service fees due to a decrease in personal asset management fees.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Noninterest expense decreased $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a decrease in other noninterest expense driven by decreases in both corporate overhead allocations and operational losses.

Average loans and leases increased $567 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to increases in average residential mortgage loans and average other consumer loans driven by an increase in new loan origination activity. Average core deposits decreased $927 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a decrease in average interest checking balances partially offset by increases in average savings and money market deposits and average demand deposits.

General Corporate and Other

General Corporate and Other includes the unallocated portion of the investment securities portfolio, securities gains and losses, certain non-core deposit funding, unassigned equity, unallocated provision expense or a benefit from the reduction of the ALLL, the payment of preferred stock dividends and certain support activities and other items not attributed to the business segments.

Net interest income decreased $63 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was primarily driven by an increase in FTP credits on deposits allocated to business segments driven by increases in average deposits and an increase in interest expense on long-term debt. The decrease in net interest income was partially offset by an increase in interest income on taxable securities and an increase in the benefit related to the FTP charges on loans and leases. Results for the three months ended March 31, 2016 were impacted by $8 million of unallocated provision expense compared to a benefit of $30 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Noninterest income decreased $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease in noninterest income included the impact of the positive valuation adjustment on the stock warrant associated with Vantiv Holding, LLC of $47 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the positive valuation adjustment of $70 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The decrease was partially offset by a $4 million increase in equity method earnings from the Bancorp’s interest in Vantiv Holding, LLC. Additionally, noninterest income included a $1 million positive valuation adjustment related to the Visa total return swap for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to a negative valuation adjustment of $17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015.

Noninterest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was an expense of $20 million compared to a benefit of $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The increase was primarily due to an increase in personnel costs, an increase in the provision for the reserve for unfunded commitments and an increase in FDIC insurance and other taxes. The increase was partially offset by an increase in corporate overhead allocations from General Corporate and Other to the other business segments.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

RISK MANAGEMENT – OVERVIEW

Managing risk is an essential component of successfully operating a financial services company. The Bancorp’s risk management approach includes processes for identifying, assessing, managing, monitoring and reporting risks. The ERM division, led by the Bancorp’s Chief Risk Officer, ensures the consistency and adequacy of the Bancorp’s risk management approach within the structure of the Bancorp’s operating model. Management within the lines of business and support functions assess and manage risks associated with their activities and determine if actions need to be taken to strengthen risk management or reduce risk given their risk profile. They are responsible for considering risk when making business decisions and for integrating risk management into business processes. In addition, the Internal Audit division provides an independent assessment of the Bancorp’s internal control structure and related systems and processes.

The assumption of risk requires robust and active risk management practices that comprise an integrated and comprehensive set of activities, measures and strategies that apply to the entire organization. The Bancorp has established a Risk Appetite Framework, approved by the Board, that provides the foundations of corporate risk capacity, risk appetite and risk tolerances. The Bancorp’s risk capacity is represented by its available financial resources. Risk capacity sets an absolute limit on risk-assumption in the Bancorp’s annual and strategic plans. The Bancorp understands that not all financial resources may persist as viable loss buffers over time. Further, consideration must be given to regulatory capital buffers required per Capital Policy Targets that would reduce risk capacity. Those factors take the form of capacity adjustments to arrive at an Operating Risk Capacity which represents the operating risk level the Bancorp can assume while maintaining its solvency standard. The Bancorp’s policy currently discounts its Operating Risk Capacity by a minimum of 5% to provide a buffer; as a result, the Bancorp’s risk appetite is limited by policy to, at most, 95% of its Operating Risk Capacity.

Economic capital is the amount of unencumbered financial resources required to support the Bancorp’s risks. The Bancorp measures economic capital under the assumption that it expects to maintain debt ratings at strong investment grade levels over time. The Bancorp’s capital policies require that the Operating Risk Capacity less the aforementioned buffer exceed the calculated economic capital required in its business.

Risk appetite is the aggregate amount of risk the Bancorp is willing to accept in pursuit of its strategic and financial objectives. By establishing boundaries around risk taking and business decisions, and by incorporating the needs and goals of its shareholders, regulators, rating agencies and customers, the Bancorp’s risk appetite is aligned with its priorities and goals. Risk tolerance is the maximum amount of risk applicable to each of the eight specific risk categories included in its Enterprise Risk Management Framework. This is expressed primarily in qualitative terms; however certain risk types also have quantitative metrics that are used to measure the Bancorp’s level of risk against its risk tolerances. The Bancorp’s risk appetite and risk tolerances are supported by risk targets and risk limits. Those limits are used to monitor the amount of risk assumed at a granular level. On a quarterly basis, the Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board reviews current assessments of each of the eight risk types relative to the established tolerance. Information supporting these assessments, including policy limits and key risk indicators, is also reported to the Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board. Any results outside of tolerance require the development of an action plan that describes actions to be taken to return the measure to within the tolerance.

The risks faced by the Bancorp include, but are not limited to, credit, market, liquidity, operational, regulatory compliance, legal, reputational and strategic. Each of these risks is managed through the Bancorp’s risk program which includes the following key functions:

   

ERM is responsible for developing and overseeing the implementation of risk programs and reporting that facilitate a broad integrated view of risk. The department also leads the continual fostering of a strong risk management culture and the framework, policies and committees that support effective risk governance, including the oversight of Sarbanes-Oxley compliance;

   

Credit Risk Management is responsible for overseeing the safety and soundness of the commercial and consumer loan portfolio within an independent portfolio management framework that supports the Bancorp’s loan growth strategies and underwriting practices, ensuring portfolio optimization and appropriate risk controls. Credit Risk Management is also responsible for the economic capital program and quantitative analytics to support the commercial portfolio and risk rating models, ALLL methodology and analytics needed to assess credit risk and develop mitigation strategies related to that risk. The department also provides oversight, reporting and monitoring of commercial and consumer underwriting and credit administration processes;

   

Operational Risk Management works with lines of business and regional management to maintain processes to monitor and manage all aspects of operational risk, including vendors and information security to ensure consistency in application of operational risk programs;

   

Bank Protection oversees and manages fraud prevention and detection and provides investigative and recovery services for the Bancorp;

   

Capital Markets Risk Management is responsible for instituting, monitoring, and reporting appropriate trading limits within the Capital Markets groups and monitoring liquidity, interest rate risk and risk tolerances resulting from management of Fifth Third’s overall balance sheet;

   

Regulatory Compliance Risk Management provides independent oversight to ensure than an enterprise-wide framework, including processes and procedures, are in place to comply with applicable laws, regulations, rules and other regulatory requirements; internal policies and procedures; and principles of integrity and fair dealing applicable to the Bancorp’s activities and functions. The Bancorp focuses on managing regulatory compliance risk in accordance with the Bancorp’s integrated risk management framework, which ensures consistent processes for indentifying, assessing, managing, monitoring and reporting risks; and

   

The ERM division creates and maintains other functions, committees or processes as are necessary to effectively oversee risk management throughout the Bancorp.

Risk management oversight and governance is provided by the Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board of Directors and through multiple management committees whose membership includes a broad cross-section of line-of-business, regional market and support representatives. The Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board of Directors consists of five outside directors and has the responsibility for the oversight of risk management for the Bancorp, as well as for the Bancorp’s overall aggregate risk profile. The Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board of Directors has approved the formation of key management governance committees that are responsible for evaluating risks and controls.

 

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The primary committee responsible for the oversight of risk management is the ERMC. Committees accountable to the ERMC, which support the core risk programs, are the Corporate Credit Committee, the Operational Risk Committee, the Management Compliance Committee, the Asset/Liability Committee and the Enterprise Marketing Committee. Other committees accountable to the ERMC oversee the ALLL, capital, model risk and regulatory change management functions. There is also a risk assessment process applicable to every line of business to ensure an appropriate standard readiness assessment is performed before launching a new or changing product or initiative. Significant risk policies approved by the management governance committees are also reviewed and approved by the Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board of Directors.

Credit Risk Review is an independent function responsible for evaluating the sufficiency of underwriting, documentation and approval processes for consumer and commercial credits, the accuracy of risk grades assigned to commercial credit exposure, nonaccrual status, specific reserves and monitoring for charge-offs. Credit Risk Review reports directly to the Risk and Compliance Committee of the Board of Directors and administratively to the Chief Auditor.

CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT

The objective of the Bancorp’s credit risk management strategy is to quantify and manage credit risk on an aggregate portfolio basis, as well as to limit the risk of loss resulting from the failure of a borrower or counterparty to honor its financial or contractual obligations to the Bancorp. The Bancorp’s credit risk management strategy is based on three core principles: conservatism, diversification and monitoring. The Bancorp believes that effective credit risk management begins with conservative lending practices. These practices include conservative exposure and counterparty limits and conservative underwriting, documentation and collection standards. The Bancorp’s credit risk management strategy also emphasizes diversification on a geographic, industry and customer level as well as ongoing portfolio monitoring and timely management reviews of large credit exposures and credits experiencing deterioration of credit quality. Credit officers with the authority to extend credit are delegated specific authority amounts, the utilization of which is closely monitored. Underwriting activities are centrally managed, and ERM manages the policy and the authority delegation process directly. The Credit Risk Review function provides independent and objective assessments of the quality of underwriting and documentation, the accuracy of risk grades and the charge-off, nonaccrual and reserve analysis process. The Bancorp’s credit review process and overall assessment of the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses is based on quarterly assessments of the probable estimated losses inherent in the loan and lease portfolio. The Bancorp uses these assessments to promptly identify potential problem loans or leases within the portfolio, maintain an adequate reserve and take any necessary charge-offs. The Bancorp defines potential problem loans and leases as those rated substandard that do not meet the definition of a nonaccrual loan or a restructured loan. Refer to Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on the Bancorp’s credit grade categories, which are derived from standard regulatory rating definitions.

The following tables provide a summary of potential problem portfolio loans and leases:

 

TABLE 29: Potential Problem Portfolio Loans and Leases                                  
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)         

Carrying  

Value  

       Unpaid  
Principal  
Balance  
       Exposure    

Commercial and industrial loans

    $        1,455          1,457          2,067  

Commercial mortgage loans

      166          166          168  

Commercial construction loans

      1          1          1  

Commercial leases

            29          29          30  

Total potential problem portfolio loans and leases

    $        1,651          1,653          2,266  
TABLE 30: Potential Problem Portfolio Loans and Leases                                  
As of December 31, 2015 ($ in millions)         

Carrying  

Value  

       Unpaid  
Principal  
Balance  
       Exposure    

Commercial and industrial loans

    $        1,383          1,384          1,922  

Commercial mortgage loans

      170          171          172  

Commercial construction loans

      6          6          7  

Commercial leases

            36          36          39  

Total potential problem portfolio loans and leases

    $        1,595          1,597          2,140  

In addition to the individual review of larger commercial loans that exhibit probable or observed credit weaknesses, the commercial credit review process includes the use of two risk grading systems. The risk grading system currently utilized for reserve analysis purposes encompasses ten categories. The Bancorp also maintains a dual risk rating system for credit approval and pricing, portfolio monitoring and capital allocation that includes a “through-the-cycle” rating philosophy for assessing a borrower’s creditworthiness. The dual risk rating system includes thirteen probabilities of default grade categories and an additional six grade categories for estimating losses given an event of default. The probability of default and loss given default evaluations are not separated in the ten-category risk rating system. The Bancorp has completed significant validation and testing of the dual risk rating system as a commercial credit risk management tool. The Bancorp is assessing the necessary modifications to the dual risk rating system outputs to develop a U.S. GAAP compliant ALLL model and will make a decision on the use of modified dual risk ratings for purposes of determining the Bancorp’s ALLL once the FASB has issued a final standard regarding proposed methodology changes to the determination of credit impairment as outlined in the FASB’s Proposed ASU–Financial Instruments–Credit Losses (Subtopic 825-15) issued on December 20, 2012. Scoring systems, various analytical tools and portfolio performance monitoring are used to assess the credit risk in the Bancorp’s homogenous consumer and small business loan portfolios.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Economic Overview

Economic growth continues to improve, and GDP is expected to maintain its modest expansionary pattern. The U.S. job market and wages are slowly but steadily improving. Consumer spending has been moderate and there are indications that manufacturing is stabilizing. Inflation continues to run below the FRB’s stated objective, but has increased over the past several months. Energy prices and the dollar have stabilized and are moving in a pattern that may continue the improvement in inflation and manufacturing. Housing prices have largely stabilized and are increasing in many markets. However, overall current economic and competitive conditions are causing weaker than desired qualified loan growth that combined with a weakness in global economic conditions and a relatively low interest rate environment, may directly or indirectly impact the Bancorp’s growth and profitability. The FRB noted asymmetric risks to the downside in their latest assessment of the risks to their economic outlook.

Commercial Portfolio

The Bancorp’s credit risk management strategy includes minimizing concentrations of risk through diversification. The Bancorp has commercial loan concentration limits based on industry, lines of business within the commercial segment, geography and credit product type. The risk within the commercial loan and lease portfolio is managed and monitored through an underwriting process utilizing detailed origination policies, continuous loan level reviews, monitoring of industry concentration and product type limits and continuous portfolio risk management reporting.

The origination policies for commercial real estate outline the risks and underwriting requirements for owner and nonowner-occupied and construction lending. Included in the policies are maturity and amortization terms, maximum LTVs, minimum debt service coverage ratios, construction loan monitoring procedures, appraisal requirements, pre-leasing requirements (as applicable), sensitivity and pro-forma analysis requirements and interest rate sensitivity. The Bancorp requires a valuation of real estate collateral, which may include third-party appraisals, be performed at the time of origination and renewal in accordance with regulatory requirements and on an as needed basis when market conditions justify. Although the Bancorp does not back test these collateral value assumptions, the Bancorp maintains an appraisal review department to order and review third-party appraisals in accordance with regulatory requirements. Collateral values on criticized assets with relationships exceeding $1 million are reviewed quarterly to assess the appropriateness of the value ascribed in the assessment of charge-offs and specific reserves. In addition, the Bancorp applies incremental valuation adjustments to older appraisals that relate to collateral dependent loans, which can currently be up to 20-30% of the appraised value based on the type of collateral. These incremental valuation adjustments generally reflect the age of the most recent appraisal as well as collateral type. Trends in collateral values, such as home price indices and recent asset dispositions, are monitored in order to determine whether changes to the appraisal adjustments are warranted. Other factors such as local market conditions or location may also be considered as necessary.

The Bancorp assesses all real estate and non-real estate collateral securing a loan and considers all cross-collateralized loans in the calculation of the LTV ratio. The following tables provide detail on the most recent LTV ratios for commercial mortgage loans greater than $1 million, excluding impaired commercial mortgage loans individually evaluated. The Bancorp does not typically aggregate the LTV ratios for commercial mortgage loans less than $1 million.

 

TABLE 31: Commercial Mortgage Loans Outstanding by LTV, Loans Greater Than $1 Million  
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)    LTV > 100%       LTV 80-100%      LTV < 80%  

Commercial mortgage owner-occupied loans

   $               116             256              1,989      

Commercial mortgage nonowner-occupied loans

     118             188              2,136      

Total

   $ 234             444              4,125      
TABLE 32: Commercial Mortgage Loans Outstanding by LTV, Loans Greater Than $1 Million  
As of December 31, 2015 ($ in millions)    LTV > 100%     LTV 80-100%      LTV < 80%  

Commercial mortgage owner-occupied loans

   $ 119             216              2,063      

Commercial mortgage nonowner-occupied loans

     120             194              2,032      

Total

   $ 239             410              4,095      

 

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The following table provides detail on commercial loans and leases by industry classification (as defined by the North American Industry Classification System), by loan size and by state, illustrating the diversity and granularity of the Bancorp’s commercial loans and leases as of:

 

TABLE 33: Commercial Loan and Lease Portfolio (excluding loans held for sale)  
      March 31, 2016      December 31, 2015  
($ in millions)    Outstanding      Exposure       Nonaccrual      Outstanding      Exposure       Nonaccrual    

By Industry:

                 

Manufacturing

   $        11,192            20,904        92         10,572            20,422        70     

Real estate

     6,728            10,638        45         6,494            10,293        40     

Financial services and insurance

     5,782            12,499               5,896            13,021        3     

Healthcare

     4,710            6,808        32         4,676            6,879        22     

Business services

     4,584            7,002        74         4,471            6,765        96     

Wholesale trade

     4,091            7,321        17         4,082            7,254        23     

Retail trade

     3,874            7,414               3,764            7,391        8     

Transportation and warehousing

     3,230            4,661               3,111            4,619        1     

Communication and information

     3,110            5,350               2,913            5,052        2     

Accommodation and food

     2,632            4,205               2,507            4,104        6     

Construction

     1,858            3,403               1,871            3,403        8     

Mining

     1,481            2,496        239         1,499            2,695        36     

Entertainment and recreation

     1,395            2,311               1,210            2,066        4     

Utilities

     1,246            2,786               1,217            2,854        -     

Other services

     825            1,074               864            1,188        10     

Public administration

     474            517               495            562        -     

Agribusiness

     355            502               368            527        4     

Individuals

     111            155               139            187        2     

Other

     3            7               7            6        6     

Total

   $        57,681            100,053        543         56,156            99,288        341     

By Loan Size:

                 

Less than $200,000

     1 %         1               1            1        7     

$200,000 - $1 million

     3            3               4            3        10     

$1 million - $5 million

     10            8        17         10            8        25     

$5 million - $10 million

     7            6        19         8            7        25     

$10 million - $25 million

     23            21        30         24            21        15     

Greater than $25 million

     56            61        24         53            60        18     

Total

     100 %         100        100         100            100        100     

By State:

                 

Ohio

     15 %         17               16            17        8     

Michigan

     8            7               8            7        9     

Florida

     8            7               8            7        12     

Illinois

     8            7        10         7            8        20     

Indiana

     5            5               5            5        4     

North Carolina

     4            4               4            4        1     

Tennessee

     3            3               3            3        -     

Kentucky

     3            3               3            3        1     

Pennsylvania

     3            3               3            3        2     

All other states

     43            44        63         43            43        43     

Total

     100 %         100        100         100            100        100     

The Bancorp’s non-power producing energy and nonowner-occupied commercial real estate portfolios have been identified by the Bancorp as loans which it believes represent a higher level of risk compared to the rest of the Bancorp’s commercial loan portfolio, due to economic or market conditions within the Bancorp’s key lending areas.

Due to the sensitivity of the non-power producing energy portfolio to downward movements in oil prices, the Bancorp has seen migration in the portfolio into criticized classifications during 2015 and the three months ended March 31, 2016. The reserve-based energy loans that the Bancorp holds are senior secured loans with a borrowing base that is re-determined on a semi-annual basis.

 

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The following tables provide an analysis of the non-power producing energy loan portfolio:

 

TABLE 34: Non-Power Producing Energy Portfolio  
                                                      For the three months ended
March 31, 2016
 
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)    Pass      Criticized      Outstanding      Exposure      90 Days
Past Due
     Nonaccrual      Net Charge-Offs  

Reserve-based lending

   $             197        542          739            1,183         -        144           -     

Midstream

     327        -          327            1,050         -        -           -     

Oil field services

     164        104          268            437         -        24           9     

Oil and gas

     76        52          128            512         -        22           -     

Refining

     102        1          103            655         -        -           -     

Total

   $ 866        699          1,565            3,837         -        190           9     
TABLE 35: Non-Power Producing Energy Portfolio  
                                                      For the three months ended
March 31, 2015
 
As of March 31, 2015 ($ in millions)    Pass      Criticized      Outstanding      Exposure     

90 Days

Past Due

     Nonaccrual      Net Charge-Offs  

Reserve-based lending

   $ 774        119          893           1,586         -        -           -     

Midstream

     267        12          279           1,028         -        -           -     

Oil field services

     354        28          382           578         -        -           -     

Oil and gas

     101        6          107           489         -        -           -     

Refining

     47        -          47           406         -        -           -     

Total

   $ 1,543        165          1,708           4,087         -        -           -     

The following tables provide an analysis of nonowner-occupied commercial real estate loans (excluding loans held for sale):

 

TABLE 36: Nonowner-Occupied Commercial Real Estate(a)  
                                     

For the three months ended

March 31, 2016

 
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)    Outstanding      Exposure      

  90 Days  

  Past Due  

     Nonaccrual      Net Charge-Offs  

By State:

              

Ohio

   $             1,252        1,618         -        5        -         

Florida

     759        1,060         -        7        -         

Illinois

     674        1,108         -        1        -         

Michigan

     612        720         -        18        -         

North Carolina

     408        689         -        3        -         

Indiana

     241        446         -        -        -         

All other states

     2,560        4,441         -        3        -         

Total

   $ 6,506        10,082         -        37        -         

(a)    Included in commercial mortgage loans and commercial construction loans in the Loans and Leases subsection of the Balance Sheet Analysis section of MD&A.

 
TABLE 37: Nonowner-Occupied Commercial Real Estate(a)  
                                      For the three months ended
March 31, 2015
 
As of March 31, 2015 ($ in millions)    Outstanding      Exposure      

  90 Days  

  Past Due  

     Nonaccrual      Net Recoveries  

By State:

              

Ohio

   $ 1,321         1,668         -         6        (1)       

Florida

     567         896         -         15        -         

Illinois

     522         976         -         6        -         

Michigan

     690         745         -         7        -         

North Carolina

     374         533         -         -         -         

Indiana

     277         377         -         -         -         

All other states

     1,834         3,429         -         19        (1)       

Total

   $ 5,585         8,624         -         53        (2)       
(a)

Included in commercial mortgage loans and commercial construction loans in the Loans and Leases subsection of the Balance Sheet Analysis section of MD&A.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Consumer Portfolio

Consumer credit risk management utilizes a framework that encompasses consistent processes for identifying, assessing, managing, monitoring, and reporting credit risk. These processes are supported by a credit risk governance structure that includes Board oversight, policies, risk limits, and risk committees.

The Bancorp’s consumer portfolio is materially comprised of three categories of loans: residential mortgage loans, home equity and automobile loans. The Bancorp has identified certain categories within these three categories of loans which it believes represent a higher level of risk compared to the rest of the consumer loan portfolio due to high loan amount to collateral value. The Bancorp does not update LTV ratios for the consumer portfolio subsequent to origination except as part of the charge-off process for real estate secured loans. Among consumer portfolios, legacy underwritten residential mortgage and brokered home equity portfolios have exhibited the most stress. As of March 31, 2016, consumer real estate loans originated from 2005 through 2008 represent approximately 20% of the consumer real estate portfolio. These loans account for 57% of total consumer real estate secured losses for the first quarter of 2016. Loss rates continue to improve as newer vintages are performing within expectations.

Residential Mortgage Portfolio

The Bancorp manages credit risk in the residential mortgage portfolio through conservative underwriting and documentation standards and geographic and product diversification. The Bancorp may also package and sell loans in the portfolio.

The Bancorp does not originate mortgage loans that permit customers to defer principal payments or make payments that are less than the accruing interest. The Bancorp originates both fixed-rate and ARM loans. Resets of rates on ARMs are not expected to have a material impact on credit costs in the current interest rate environment, as approximately $837 million of ARM loans will have rate resets during the next twelve months. Of these resets, 89% are expected to experience an increase in rate, with an average increase of approximately one third of a percent.

Certain residential mortgage products have contractual features that may increase credit exposure to the Bancorp in the event of a decline in housing values. These types of mortgage products offered by the Bancorp include loans with high LTV ratios, multiple loans on the same collateral that when combined result in a LTV greater than 80% and interest-only loans. The Bancorp has deemed residential mortgage loans with greater than 80% LTV ratios and no mortgage insurance as loans that represent a higher level of risk.

The following table provides an analysis of the residential mortgage portfolio loans outstanding by LTV at origination as of:

 

TABLE 38: Residential Mortgage Portfolio Loans by LTV at Origination  
        March 31, 2016         December 31, 2015  
($ in millions)        Outstanding     Weighted-
Average LTV
         Outstanding     Weighted-
Average LTV
 

LTV £ 80%

 

$

    10,384           65.7 %      $     10,198           65.6 %    

LTV > 80%, with mortgage insurance

      1,327           93.4             1,300           93.3       

LTV > 80%, no mortgage insurance

        2,184           95.9               2,218           96.0       

Total

 

$

    13,895           73.3 %      $     13,716           73.4 %    

The following tables provide an analysis of the residential mortgage portfolio loans outstanding with a greater than 80% LTV ratio and no mortgage insurance:

 

TABLE 39: Residential Mortgage Portfolio Loans, LTV Greater than 80%, No Mortgage Insurance  
                         

For the three months ended

March 31, 2016

 
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)       Outstanding       90 Days  
Past Due  
    Nonaccrual       Net Charge-offs    

By State:

       

Ohio

  $ 532       1       4       1      

Illinois

    380       1       1       -       

Florida

    291       -        4       -       

Michigan

    282       1       1       -       

Indiana

    145       1       1       -       

North Carolina

    107       -        1       -       

Kentucky

    85       1       -        -       

All other states

    362       -        1       -       

Total

  $ 2,184       5       13       1      

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

TABLE 40: Residential Mortgage Portfolio Loans, LTV Greater than 80%, No Mortgage Insurance  
                           

 

    For the three months ended

    March 31, 2015

 
As of March 31, 2015 ($ in millions)    Outstanding      

  90 Days  

  Past Due  

    Nonaccrual        Net Charge-offs  

By State:

         

Ohio

   $ 503       2       15        2    

Illinois

     299       -        1        -     

Florida

     250       -        4        -     

Michigan

     269       1       2        -     

Indiana

     127       1       2        -     

North Carolina

     101       1       1        -     

Kentucky

     76       -        1        -     

All other states

     353       1       2        -     

Total

   $               1,978       6       28        2    

Home Equity Portfolio

The Bancorp’s home equity portfolio is primarily comprised of home equity lines of credit. Beginning in the first quarter of 2013, the Bancorp’s newly originated home equity lines of credit have a 10-year interest-only draw period followed by a 20-year amortization period. The home equity line of credit previously offered by the Bancorp was a revolving facility with a 20-year term, minimum payments of interest-only and a balloon payment of principal at maturity.

The ALLL provides coverage for probable and estimable losses in the home equity portfolio. The allowance attributable to the portion of the home equity portfolio that has not been restructured in a TDR is calculated on a pooled basis with senior lien and junior lien categories segmented in the determination of the probable credit losses in the home equity portfolio. The modeled loss factor for the home equity portfolio is based on the trailing twelve month historical loss rate for each category, as adjusted for certain prescriptive loss rate factors and certain qualitative adjustment factors to reflect risks associated with current conditions and trends. The prescriptive loss rate factors include adjustments for delinquency trends, LTV trends and refreshed FICO score trends. The qualitative factors include adjustments for credit administration and portfolio management, credit policy and underwriting and the national and local economy. The Bancorp considers home price index trends when determining the national and local economy qualitative factor.

The home equity portfolio is managed in two primary groups: loans outstanding with a combined LTV greater than 80% and those loans with a LTV 80% or less based upon appraisals at origination. The carrying value of the greater than 80% LTV home equity loans and 80% or less LTV home equity loans were $2.6 billion and $5.5 billion, respectively, as of March 31, 2016. Of the total $8.1 billion of outstanding home equity loans:

   

85% reside within the Bancorp’s Midwest footprint of Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois as of March 31, 2016;

   

36% are in senior lien positions and 64% are in junior lien positions at March 31, 2016;

   

Over 81% of non-delinquent borrowers made at least one payment greater than the minimum payment during the three months ended March 31, 2016; and

   

The portfolio had an average refreshed FICO score of 742 at both March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

The Bancorp actively manages lines of credit and makes reductions in lending limits when it believes it is necessary based on FICO score deterioration and property devaluation. The Bancorp does not routinely obtain appraisals on performing loans to update LTV ratios after origination. However, the Bancorp monitors the local housing markets by reviewing various home price indices and incorporates the impact of the changing market conditions in its ongoing credit monitoring processes. For junior lien home equity loans which become 60 days or more past due, the Bancorp tracks the performance of the senior lien loans in which the Bancorp is the servicer and utilizes consumer credit bureau attributes to monitor the status of the senior lien loans that the Bancorp does not service. If the senior lien loan is found to be 120 days or more past due, the junior lien home equity loan is placed on nonaccrual status unless both loans are well-secured and in the process of collection. Additionally, if the junior lien home equity loan becomes 120 days or more past due and the senior lien loan is also 120 days or more past due, the junior lien home equity loan is assessed for charge-off. Refer to the Analysis of Nonperforming Assets subsection of the Risk Management section of MD&A for more information.

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

The following table provides an analysis of home equity portfolio loans outstanding disaggregated based upon refreshed FICO score as of:

 

TABLE 41: Home Equity Portfolio Loans Outstanding by Refreshed FICO Score  
                March 31, 2016                                December 31, 2015             
($ in millions)                Outstanding     

% of

Total

                  Outstanding     

% of

Total

 

Senior Liens:

             

FICO £ 620

 

$

    156       2 %       

$

    159       2 %   

FICO 621-719

      559       7                 563       7      

FICO ³ 720

        2,171       27                     2,210       26      

Total senior liens

      2,886       36                 2,932       35      

Junior Liens:

             

FICO £ 620

      386       5                 389       5      

FICO 621-719

      1,363       17                 1,399       17      

FICO ³ 720

        3,477       42                     3,581       43      

Total junior liens

        5,226       64                     5,369       65      

Total

  $     8,112       100 %          $     8,301       100 %   

The Bancorp believes that home equity loans with a greater than 80% combined LTV ratio present a higher level of risk. The following table provides an analysis of the home equity loans outstanding in a senior and junior lien position by LTV at origination:

 

TABLE 42: Home Equity Portfolio Loans Outstanding by LTV at Origination  
                    March 31, 2016                                 December 31, 2015              
($ in millions)                Outstanding    

Weighted-    

Average LTV    

                  Outstanding    

Weighted-    

Average LTV    

 

Senior Liens:

             

LTV £ 80%

 

$

    2,518               55.2 %        $     2,557               55.1 %   

LTV > 80%

        368               89.1                    375               89.1      

Total senior liens

      2,886               59.7                2,932               59.7      

Junior Liens:

             

LTV £ 80%

      3,017               67.6                3,088               67.6      

LTV > 80%

        2,209               90.9                    2,281               90.9      

Total junior liens

        5,226               79.1                    5,369               79.2      

Total

 

$

    8,112               71.7 %          $     8,301               71.8 %   

The following tables provide an analysis of home equity portfolio loans by state with combined LTV greater than 80%:

 

TABLE 43: Home Equity Portfolio Loans Outstanding with a LTV Greater than 80%  
                                

For the three months ended

March 31, 2016

 
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)       Outstanding       Exposure       90 Days    
Past Due    
    Nonaccrual       Net Charge-offs      

By State:

         

Ohio

  $ 1,065       1,827       -        10       2  

Michigan

    498       750       -        5       -   

Illinois

    295       445       -        4       1  

Indiana

    211       340       -        3       -   

Kentucky

    200       334       -        2       -   

Florida

    91       126       -        2       -   

All other states

    217       303       -        4       1  

Total

  $ 2,577       4,125       -        30       4  

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

TABLE 44: Home Equity Portfolio Loans Outstanding with a LTV Greater than 80%  
                                     

  For the three months ended  

  March 31, 2015  

 
As of March 31, 2015 ($ in millions)      Outstanding        Exposure       

   90 Days   

   Past Due   

     Nonaccrual        Net Charge-offs  

By State:

              

Ohio

   $     1,104        1,829        -         9        2  

Michigan

     590        859        -         7        1  

Illinois

     335        497        -         5        2  

Indiana

     248        392        -         4        1  

Kentucky

     235        379        -         2        1  

Florida

     104        140        -         3        -   

All other states

     263        364        -         5        1  

Total

   $     2,879        4,460        -         35        8  

Automobile Portfolio

The automobile portfolio is characterized by direct and indirect lending products to consumers. As of March 31, 2016, 49% of the automobile loan portfolio is comprised of loans collateralized by new automobiles. It is a common industry practice to advance on automobile loans an amount in excess of the automobile value due to the inclusion of taxes, title and other fees paid at closing. The Bancorp monitors its exposure to these higher risk loans.

The following table provides an analysis of automobile portfolio loans outstanding by LTV at origination as of:

 

TABLE 45: Automobile Portfolio Loans Outstanding by LTV at Origination
                March 31, 2016                                December 31, 2015          
($ in millions)   Outstanding       Weighted-    
    Average LTV    
       Outstanding           Weighted-        
        Average  LTV        

LTV £ 100%

  $            7,501       81.8 %    $           7,740       81.7 %  

LTV > 100%

  3,627       111.3         3,753       111.3      

Total

  $          11,128       91.8 %    $         11,493       91.7 %  

The following table provides an analysis of the Bancorp’s automobile portfolio loans with a LTV at origination greater than 100%:

 

TABLE 46: Automobile Portfolio Loans Outstanding with a LTV Greater than 100%  
As of ($ in millions)    Outstanding       

90 Days Past

Due and Accruing

     Nonaccrual       

Net Charge-offs for the

Three Months Ended

 

March 31, 2016

   $               3,627         4         2         6   

March 31, 2015

     3,788        4        1        5  

European Exposure

The Bancorp has no direct sovereign exposure to any European nation as of March 31, 2016. In providing services to our customers, the Bancorp routinely enters into financial transactions with foreign domiciled and U.S. subsidiaries of foreign businesses as well as foreign financial institutions. These financial transactions are in the form of loans, loan commitments, letters of credit, derivatives, guarantees, bankers acceptances and securities. The Bancorp’s risk appetite for foreign country exposure is managed by having established country exposure limits. The Bancorp’s total exposure to European domiciled or owned businesses and European financial institutions was $3.6 billion and funded exposure was $1.9 billion as of March 31, 2016. Additionally, the Bancorp was within its established country exposure limits for all European countries.

The following table provides detail about the Bancorp’s exposure to all European domiciled and owned businesses and European financial institutions as of March 31, 2016:

 

TABLE 47: European Exposure  
          Sovereigns      Financial Institutions      Non-Financial
Institutions
     Total  
($ in millions)          Total
Exposure(a)
     Funded
Exposure
     Total
Exposure(a)
      Funded 
 Exposure 
     Total
Exposure(a)
     Funded
Exposure
       Total  
  Exposure(a)  
       Funded  
  Exposure  
 

Peripheral Europe(b)

  $          -                    182         179        128           73        310         252  

Other Eurozone(c)

            -                    374         157        1,795           951        2,169         1,108  

Total Eurozone

  $          -                    556         336        1,923           1,024        2,479         1,360  

Other Europe(d)

            -                    135         84        973           483        1,108         567  

Total Europe

  $          -                    691         420        2,896           1,507        3,587         1,927  
(a)

Total exposure includes funded exposure and unfunded commitments.

(b)

Peripheral Europe includes Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain.

(c)

Eurozone includes countries participating in the European common currency (Euro).

(d)

Other Europe includes European countries not part of the Eurozone (primarily the United Kingdom and Switzerland).

 

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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

HAMP and HARP Programs

For residential mortgage loans serviced for FHLMC and FNMA, the Bancorp participates in the HAMP and HARP 2.0 programs. For loans refinanced under the HARP 2.0 program, the Bancorp strictly adheres to the underwriting requirements of the program. Loan restructuring under the HAMP program is performed on behalf of FHLMC or FNMA and the Bancorp does not take possession of these loans during the modification process. Therefore, participation in these programs does not significantly impact the Bancorp’s credit quality statistics. The Bancorp participates in trial modifications in conjunction with the HAMP program for loans it services for FHLMC and FNMA. As these trial modifications relate to loans serviced for others, they are not included in the Bancorp’s TDRs as they are not assets of the Bancorp. In the event there is a representation and warranty violation on loans sold through the programs, the Bancorp may be required to repurchase the sold loans. As of March 31, 2016, repurchased loans restructured or refinanced under these programs were immaterial to the Bancorp’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Additionally, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, $15 million and $14 million, respectively, of loans refinanced under HARP 2.0 were included in loans held for sale in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Bancorp recognized $1 million and $2 million, respectively, of noninterest income in mortgage banking net revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income related to the sale of loans restructured or refinanced under the HAMP and HARP 2.0 programs.

Analysis of Nonperforming Assets

Nonperforming assets include nonaccrual loans and leases for which ultimate collectability of the full amount of the principal and/or interest is uncertain; restructured commercial and credit card loans which have not yet met the requirements to be classified as a performing asset; restructured consumer loans which are 90 days past due based on the restructured terms unless the loan is both well-secured and in the process of collection; and certain other assets, including OREO and other repossessed property. A summary of nonperforming assets is included in Table 48. Refer to the nonaccrual loan and lease section of Note 1 in the Bancorp’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 for further information on the Bancorp’s policies related to accounting for delinquent and nonperforming loans and leases.

Nonperforming assets were $830 million at March 31, 2016 compared to $659 million at December 31, 2015. At March 31, 2016, $5 million of nonaccrual loans were held for sale, compared to $12 million at December 31, 2015.

Nonperforming portfolio assets as a percent of portfolio loans and leases and OREO were 0.88% as of March 31, 2016 compared to 0.70% as of December 31, 2015. Nonaccrual loans and leases secured by real estate were 30% of nonaccrual loans and leases as of March 31, 2016 compared to 43% as of December 31, 2015.

Commercial portfolio nonaccrual loans and leases were $543 million at March 31, 2016, an increase of $202 million from December 31, 2015 primarily due to a $168 million increase associated with the reserve-based lending energy portfolio and the impact of low oil prices.

Consumer portfolio nonaccrual loans and leases were $158 million at March 31, 2016, a decrease of $7 million from December 31, 2015. Geographical market conditions continue to be a large driver of nonaccrual activity as Florida properties represent approximately 11% of residential mortgage loans, but represent 28% of nonaccrual loans at March 31, 2016. Refer to Table 49 for a rollforward of the nonaccrual loans and leases.

OREO and other repossessed property was $124 million at March 31, 2016 and $141 million at December 31, 2015. The Bancorp recognized $3 million and $8 million in losses on the sale or write-down of OREO properties for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The decrease from the first quarter of 2015 was primarily due to a modest improvement in general economic conditions.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, approximately $11 million and $8 million, respectively, of interest income would have been recognized if the nonaccrual and renegotiated loans and leases on nonaccrual status had been current in accordance with their original terms. Although these values help demonstrate the costs of carrying nonaccrual credits, the Bancorp does not expect to recover the full amount of interest as nonaccrual loans and leases are generally carried below their principal balance.

 

37


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Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

TABLE 48: Summary of Nonperforming Assets and Delinquent Loans
As of ($ in millions)              March 31, 2016               December 31, 2015      

Nonaccrual portfolio loans and leases:

     

Commercial and industrial loans

  $   278           82                

Commercial mortgage loans

    51           56                

Commercial leases

    4           -                

Residential mortgage loans

    25           28                

Home equity

    61           62                

Nonaccrual portfolio restructured loans and leases:

     

Commercial and industrial loans

    182           177                

Commercial mortgage loans(c)

    27           25                

Commercial leases

    1           1                

Residential mortgage loans

    19           23                

Home equity

    19           17                

Automobile loans

    2           2                

Credit card

      32           33                

Total nonaccrual portfolio loans and leases(b)

    701           506                

OREO and other repossessed property

      124           141                

Total nonperforming portfolio assets

    825           647                

Nonaccrual loans held for sale

    3           1                

Nonaccrual restructured loans held for sale

      2           11                

Total nonperforming assets

  $   830           659                

Loans and leases 90 days past due and accruing

     

Commercial and industrial loans

  $   3           7                

Residential mortgage loans(a)

    44           40                

Automobile loans

    8           10                

Credit card

      18           18                

Total loans and leases 90 days past due and accruing

  $   73           75                

Nonperforming portfolio assets as a percent of portfolio loans and leases and OREO

    0.88    %   0.70                

ALLL as a percent of nonperforming portfolio assets

      157           197                
(a)

Information for all periods presented excludes loans whose repayments are insured by the FHA or guaranteed by the VA. These loans were $315 as of March 31, 2016 and $335 as of December 31, 2015. The Bancorp recognized $2 on these insured or guaranteed loans for both the three months ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015.

(b)

Includes $5 and $6 of nonaccrual government insured commercial loans whose repayments are insured by the SBA at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, and $1 and $2 of restructured nonaccrual government insured commercial loans at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

(c)

Excludes $20 of restructured nonaccrual loans at both March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, associated with a consolidated VIE in which the Bancorp has no continuing credit risk due to the risk being assumed by a third party.

The following table provides a rollforward of portfolio nonperforming loans and leases, by portfolio segment:

 

TABLE 49: Rollforward of Portfolio Nonaccrual Loans and Leases  
For the three months ended March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)          Commercial    

Residential

  Mortgage  

      Consumer             Total        

Balance, beginning of period

 

$

  341      51        114        506       

Transfers to nonaccrual status

    306      13        42        361       

Transfers to accrual status

    (3)     (15)        (18)        (36)       

Transfers to held for sale

    (3)                   (3)       

Loans sold from portfolio

    (6)                   (6)       

Loan paydowns/payoffs

    (39)     (1)        (8)        (48)       

Transfers to OREO

    (1)     (3)        (3)        (7)       

Charge-offs

    (60)     (1)        (13)        (74)       

Draws/other extensions of credit

                        8       

Balance, end of period

  $   543      44        114        701       

For the three months ended March 31, 2015 ($ in millions)

                               

Balance, beginning of period

 

$

  367      77        135        579       

Transfers to nonaccrual status

    80      19        35        134       

Transfers to accrual status

    (1)     (8)        (15)        (24)       

Transfers from held for sale

                     5       

Loans sold from portfolio

    (5)                   (5)       

Loan paydowns/payoffs

    (62)     (3)        (5)        (70)       

Transfers to OREO

    (9)     (12)        (5)        (26)       

Charge-offs

      (45)     (7)        (15)        (67)       

Balance, end of period

  $   325      71        130        526       

 

38


Table of Contents

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

If a borrower is experiencing financial difficulty, the Bancorp may consider, in certain circumstances, modifying the terms of their loan to maximize collection of amounts due. Typically, these modifications reduce the loan interest rate, extend the loan term, reduce the accrued interest or in limited circumstances, reduce the principal balance of the loan. These modifications are classified as TDRs.

At the time of modification, the Bancorp maintains certain consumer loan TDRs (including residential mortgage loans, home equity loans, and other consumer loans) on accrual status, provided there is reasonable assurance of repayment and performance according to the modified terms based upon a current, well-documented credit evaluation. Commercial loans modified as part of a TDR are maintained on accrual status provided there is a sustained payment history of six months or greater prior to the modification in accordance with the modified terms and all remaining contractual payments under the modified terms are reasonably assured of collection. TDRs of commercial loans and credit card loans that do not have a sustained payment history of six months or greater in accordance with the modified terms remain on nonaccrual status until a six-month payment history is sustained.

Consumer restructured loans on accrual status totaled $998 million and $979 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. As of March 31, 2016, the percent of restructured residential mortgage loans, home equity loans and credit card loans that are past due 30 days or more from their modified terms were 27%, 10% and 28%, respectively.

The following tables summarize TDRs by loan type and delinquency status:

 

TABLE 50: Accruing and Nonaccruing Portfolio TDRs

 
        Accruing              
As of March 31, 2016 ($ in millions)            Current    

  30-89 Days  

Past Due

   

90 Days or

  More Past Due  

    Nonaccruing         Total      

Commercial loans(b)(c)

 

$

    458       3                 -                 210               671   

Residential mortgage loans(a)

      475       53                 108                 19               655   

Home equity

      302       16                 -                 19               337   

Automobile loans

      18       -                  -                 2               20   

Credit card

        23       3                 -                 32