Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended April 3, 2011

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 001-33174

 

 

CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   16-1287774

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

968 James Street

Syracuse, New York

  13203
(Address of principal executive office)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (315) 424-0513

Commission File Number: 001-06553

 

 

CARROLS CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   16-0958146

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

968 James Street

Syracuse, New York

  13203
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number including area code: (315) 424-0513

 

 

Carrols Corporation meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction H(1) and is therefore filing this form with reduced disclosure format pursuant to General Instruction H(2).

Indicate by check mark whether either of the registrants (1) have filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant were required to file such reports), and (2) have been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrants have submitted electronically and posted on their Corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrants are large accelerated filers, accelerated filers, non-accelerated filers or smaller reporting companies. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc.    
Large accelerated filer   ¨   Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   Smaller reporting company   ¨
Carrols Corporation      
Large accelerated filer   ¨   Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   x   Smaller reporting company   ¨

Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc.

Indicate by check mark whether either of the registrants are shell companies (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

As of May, 6, Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. had 22,061,187 shares of its common stock, $.01 par value, outstanding. As of May 6, 2011, all outstanding equity securities of Carrols Corporation, which consisted of 10 shares of its common stock, were owned by Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND CARROLS CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q

QUARTER ENDED APRIL 3, 2011

 

          Page  

PART  I   FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1

  

Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. and Subsidiary - Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited):

  
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010

     3   
  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 and 2010

     4   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 and 2010

     5   
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   
  

Carrols Corporation and Subsidiaries - Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited):

  
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010

     16   
  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 and 2010

     17   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 and 2010

     18   
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     19   

Item 2

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     35   

Item 3

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     44   

Item 4

  

Controls and Procedures

     44   

PART II   OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1

  

Legal Proceedings

     45   

Item 1A

  

Risk Factors

     45   

Item 2

  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     45   

Item 3

  

Default Upon Senior Securities

     45   

Item 4

  

Reserved

     45   

Item 5

  

Other Information

     45   

Item 6

  

Exhibits

     45   

 

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Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1—INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands of dollars, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     March 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 4,392      $ 3,144   

Trade and other receivables

     6,126        5,213   

Inventories

     5,088        5,203   

Prepaid rent

     4,014        4,018   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     6,013        5,349   

Refundable income taxes

     —          869   

Deferred income taxes

     4,609        4,609   
                

Total current assets

     30,242        28,405   

Property and equipment, net

     185,672        186,850   

Franchise rights, net (Note 4)

     69,633        70,432   

Goodwill (Note 4)

     124,934        124,934   

Intangible assets, net

     389        419   

Franchise agreements, at cost less accumulated amortization of $6,232 and $6,102, respectively

     5,575        5,629   

Deferred income taxes

     1,949        1,949   

Other assets

     8,032        7,684   
                

Total assets

   $ 426,426      $ 426,302   
                
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Current portion of long-term debt (Note 5)

   $ 16,937      $ 15,538   

Accounts payable

     14,823        13,944   

Accrued interest

     3,139        6,853   

Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits

     16,738        19,504   

Accrued income taxes payable

     1,527        —     

Accrued real estate taxes

     3,158        4,778   

Other liabilities

     9,473        7,434   
                

Total current liabilities

     65,795        68,051   

Long-term debt, net of current portion (Note 5)

     239,981        237,914   

Lease financing obligations (Note 9)

     10,061        10,061   

Deferred income—sale-leaseback of real estate

     39,817        40,472   

Accrued postretirement benefits (Note 8)

     1,790        1,845   

Other liabilities (Note 7)

     21,066        23,052   
                

Total liabilities

     378,510        381,395   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, par value $.01; authorized 20,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding—none

     —          —     

Voting common stock, par value $.01; authorized 100,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding 22,053,675 shares and 21,678,203 shares, respectively

     216        216   

Additional paid-in capital

     4,237        3,474   

Retained earnings

     42,069        39,823   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (Note 13)

     1,535        1,535   

Treasury stock, at cost

     (141     (141
                

Total stockholders’ equity

     47,916        44,907   
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 426,426      $ 426,302   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2011 AND 2010

(In thousands of dollars, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     2011     2010  

Revenues:

    

Restaurant sales

   $ 196,873      $ 194,667   

Franchise royalty revenues and fees

     365        477   
                

Total revenues

     197,238        195,144   
                

Costs and expenses:

    

Cost of sales

     60,315        59,198   

Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock-based compensation expense of $10 and $14, respectively)

     58,568        59,134   

Restaurant rent expense

     12,054        12,356   

Other restaurant operating expenses

     27,924        28,232   

Advertising expense

     7,503        6,846   

General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $665 and $379, respectively)

     13,856        12,497   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,108        8,122   

Impairment and other lease charges (Note 3)

     1,080        270   

Other income (Note 14)

     (106     —     
                

Total operating expenses

     189,302        186,655   
                

Income from operations

     7,936        8,489   

Interest expense

     4,613        4,743   
                

Income before income taxes

     3,323        3,746   

Provision for income taxes (Note 6)

     1,077        1,432   
                

Net income

   $ 2,246      $ 2,314   
                

Basic and diluted net income per share (Note 12)

   $ 0.10      $ 0.11   
                

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding (Note 12)

     21,642,718        21,613,689   

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding (Note 12)

     22,067,753        21,837,600   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2011 AND 2010

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     2011     2010  

Cash flows provided from (used for) operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 2,246      $ 2,314   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from (used for) operating activities:

    

Loss on disposals of property and equipment

     114        64   

Stock-based compensation expense

     675        393   

Impairment and other lease charges

     1,080        270   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,108        8,122   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     233        239   

Amortization of deferred gains from sale-leaseback transactions

     (839     (830

Accretion of interest on lease financing obligations

     —          14   

Deferred income taxes

     —          (20

Accrued income taxes

     2,396        2,814   

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities

     (9,413     (13,504
                

Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities

     4,600        (124
                

Cash flows used for investing activities:

    

Capital expenditures:

    

New restaurant development

     (3,407     (1,192

Restaurant remodeling

     (2,999     (1,993

Other restaurant capital expenditures

     (1,485     (2,203

Corporate and restaurant information systems

     (545     (392
                

Total capital expenditures

     (8,436     (5,780

Properties purchased for sale-leaseback

     —          (1,141

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

     1,861        2,319   
                

Net cash used for investing activities

     (6,575     (4,602
                

Cash flows provided from financing activities:

    

Borrowings on revolving credit facility

     25,800        41,700   

Repayments on revolving credit facility

     (19,500     (33,400

Principal pre-payments on term loans

     —          (1,023

Scheduled principal payments on term loans

     (2,814     (2,971

Principal payments on capital leases

     (20     (22

Deferred financing fees

     (330     —     

Proceeds from stock option exercises

     87        11   
                

Net cash provided from financing activities

     3,223        4,295   
                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     1,248        (431

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     3,144        4,402   
                

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 4,392      $ 3,971   
                

Supplemental disclosures:

    

Interest paid on long-term debt

   $ 7,848      $ 7,966   

Interest paid on lease financing obligations

   $ 245      $ 231   

Accruals for capital expenditures

   $ 980      $ 170   

Income taxes refunded, net of payments

   $ (1,319   $ (1,392

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

1. Basis of Presentation

Business Description. At April 3, 2011 the Company operated, as franchisee, 304 quick-service restaurants under the trade name “Burger King” in 12 Northeastern, Midwestern and Southeastern states. At April 3, 2011, the Company also owned and operated 90 Pollo Tropical restaurants, of which 85 were located in Florida and five were located in New Jersey, and franchised a total of 29 Pollo Tropical restaurants, 21 in Puerto Rico, two in Ecuador, one in Honduras, one in the Bahamas, one in Trinidad and three on college campuses in Florida. At April 3, 2011, the Company owned and operated 156 Taco Cabana restaurants located primarily in Texas and franchised two Taco Cabana restaurants in New Mexico, two in Texas and one in Georgia.

On February 24, 2011, the Company announced its intention to pursue the splitting of its business into two separate, publicly-traded companies through the tax-free spin-off of its combined Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana businesses to its stockholders. The company to be spun-off will own and operate the Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana businesses. The Company will continue to own and operate its franchised Burger King restaurants.

Basis of Consolidation. The unaudited consolidated financial statements presented herein include the accounts of Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. (“Carrols Restaurant Group” or the “Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary Carrols Corporation (“Carrols”). Carrols Restaurant Group is a holding company and conducts all of its operations through Carrols and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Unless the context otherwise requires, Carrols Restaurant Group, Carrols and the direct and indirect subsidiaries of Carrols are collectively referred to as the “Company.” All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The difference between the consolidated financial statements of Carrols Restaurant Group and Carrols is primarily due to additional rent expense of approximately $6 per year for Carrols Restaurant Group and the composition of stockholders’ equity.

Fiscal Year. The Company uses a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. All references herein to the fiscal years ended January 2, 2011 and January 3, 2010 will be referred to as the fiscal years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Similarly, all references herein to the three months ended April 3, 2011 and April 4, 2010 will be referred to as the three months ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010, respectively. The fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 contained 52 weeks and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 contained 53 weeks. The three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 each contained thirteen weeks.

Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 have been prepared without an audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include certain of the information and the footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2010 contained in the Company’s 2010 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The December 31, 2010 balance sheet data is derived from those audited financial statements.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; and Level 3 inputs are unobservable and reflect our own assumptions. The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate the fair value:

 

   

Current Assets and Liabilities. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents and accrued liabilities approximates fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.

 

   

Senior Subordinated Notes. The fair values of outstanding senior subordinated notes are based on quoted market prices. The fair values at both March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were approximately $165.4 million.

 

   

Revolving and Term Loan Facilities. Rates and terms under Carrols’ senior credit facility are favorable to debt with similar terms and maturities that could be obtained, if at all, at March 31, 2011. Given the lack of comparative information regarding such debt, including the lack of trading in Carrols’ Term A debt, it is not practicable to estimate the fair value of our existing borrowings under Carrols’ senior credit facility at March 31, 2011.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

Use of Estimates. The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates include: accrued occupancy costs, insurance liabilities, income taxes, evaluation for impairment of goodwill, long-lived assets and Burger King franchise rights and lease accounting matters. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Subsequent Events. The Company evaluated for subsequent events through the issuance date of the Company’s financial statements. No subsequent events requiring disclosure were noted.

2. Stock-Based Compensation

On January 15, 2011, the Company granted in the aggregate 360,200 non-vested restricted shares of its common stock to certain employees. In general, these shares vest and become non-forfeitable 25% per year and will be expensed over their 4 year vesting period. Included in the non-vested restricted share grant were 200,000 shares granted to our Chief Executive Officer, of which 100,000 shares will be expensed over a one year period ending January 15, 2012 and 100,000 shares will be expensed through December of 2013.

Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was $0.7 million and $0.4 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2011, the total non-vested stock-based compensation expense relating to the options and non-vested shares was approximately $4.6 million and the Company expects to record an additional $2.1 million as compensation expense in 2011. At March 31, 2011, the remaining weighted average vesting period for stock options and non-vested shares was 2.7 years and 3.6 years, respectively.

Stock Options

A summary of all option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was as follows:

 

     2006 Plan  
     Number of
Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value (1)
 

Options outstanding at January 1, 2011

     2,588,017      $ 9.17         4.2       $ 2,948   

Granted

     —             

Exercised

     (16,436     5.12         

Forfeited

     (13,262     6.99         
                

Options outstanding at March 31, 2011

     2,558,319      $ 9.21         4.0       $ 5,430   
                

Vested or expected to vest at March 31, 2011

     2,534,957      $ 9.23         4.0       $ 5,356   
                

Options exercisable at March 31, 2011

     1,504,545      $ 10.86         3.5       $ 2,062   
                

 

(1) The aggregate intrinsic value was calculated using the difference between the market price of the Company’s common stock at April 3, 2011 and the grant price for only those awards that had a grant price that was less than the market price of the Company’s common stock at April 3, 2011.

A summary of all non-vested stock activity for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was as follows:

 

     Shares     Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Price
 

Nonvested at January 1, 2011

     45,701      $ 6.16   

Granted

     360,200        7.65   

Vested

     (4,700     8.08   

Forfeited

     (1,400     6.90   
          

Nonvested at March 31, 2011

     399,801      $ 7.49   
          

3. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges

The Company reviews its long-lived assets, principally property and equipment, for impairment at the restaurant level. If an indicator of impairment exists for any of its assets, an estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows over the life of the primary asset for each restaurant is compared to that long-lived asset’s carrying value. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted cash flow, the Company then determines the fair value of the asset and if an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value plus any lease liabilities to be incurred for non-operating properties, net of any estimated sublease recoveries.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

The Company determined the fair value of the impaired long-lived assets at the restaurant level based on current economic conditions and historical experience. These fair value asset measurements rely on significant unobservable inputs and are considered Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The non-financial assets measured at fair value associated with impairment charges recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2011 totaled $40. They consist of restaurant equipment, which will be used in other Company restaurants with its value determined based upon the Company’s experience of amounts utilized from prior restaurant closures.

Impairment and other lease charges recorded on long-lived assets for the Company’s segments were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Burger King

   $ 816      $ 22   

Pollo Tropical

     272        52   

Taco Cabana

     (8     196   
                
   $ 1,080      $ 270   
                

During the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company recorded impairment and other lease charges of $1.1 million which primarily included $0.8 million for five underperforming Burger King restaurants and $0.2 million in other lease charges for a Pollo Tropical restaurant that was closed in the first quarter of 2011 and whose assets were previously impaired in 2010. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, the Company recorded a lease charge of $0.2 million related to a non-operating Taco Cabana property due to a reduction of estimated cost recoveries from subletting the property through the end of the remaining lease term.

4. Goodwill and Franchise Rights

Goodwill. The Company is required to review goodwill for impairment annually, or more frequently, when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. If the determined fair value of goodwill is less than the related carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized. The Company performs its annual impairment assessment as of December 31 and does not believe circumstances have changed since the last assessment date which would make it necessary to reassess their values.

There have been no changes in goodwill or goodwill impairment losses for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009. Goodwill balances are summarized below:

 

     Pollo
Tropical
     Taco
Cabana
     Burger
King
     Total  

Balance, March 31, 2011

   $ 56,307       $ 67,177       $ 1,450       $ 124,934   
                                   

Burger King Franchise Rights. Amounts allocated to franchise rights for each Burger King acquisition are amortized using the straight-line method over the average remaining term of the acquired franchise agreements plus one twenty-year renewal period.

The Company assesses the potential impairment of Burger King franchise rights whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If an indicator of impairment exists, an estimate of the aggregate undiscounted cash flows from the acquired restaurants is compared to the respective carrying value of franchise rights for each Burger King acquisition. If an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. No impairment charges were recorded related to the Company’s Burger King franchise rights for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

Amortization expense related to Burger King franchise rights was $799 and $800 for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company estimates the amortization expense for the year ending December 31, 2011 and for each of the five succeeding years to be $3,194.

5. Long-term Debt

Long-term debt at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consisted of the following:

 

     March 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 

Collateralized:

    

Senior Credit Facility-Revolving credit facility

   $ 6,300      $ —     

Senior Credit Facility-Term loan A facility

     84,436        87,250   

Unsecured:

    

9% Senior Subordinated Notes

     165,000        165,000   

Capital leases

     1,182        1,202   
                
     256,918        253,452   

Less: current portion

     (16,937     (15,538
                
   $ 239,981      $ 237,914   
                

Senior Credit Facility. Carrols’ senior credit facility totals $185 million, originally consisting of $120 million principal amount of term loan A borrowings maturing on March 9, 2013 (or earlier on September 30, 2012 if the 9% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 are not refinanced by June 30, 2012) and a $65.0 million revolving credit facility (including a sub limit of up to $25.0 million for letters of credit and up to $5.0 million for swingline loans), maturing on March 8, 2012.

The term loan and revolving credit borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a per annum rate, at Carrols’ option, of either:

1) the applicable margin percentage ranging from 0% to 0.25% based on Carrols’ senior leverage ratio (as defined in the senior credit facility) plus the greater of (i) the prime rate or (ii) the federal funds rate for that day plus 0.5%; or

2) Adjusted LIBOR plus the applicable margin percentage in effect ranging from 1.0% to 1.5% based on Carrols’ senior leverage ratio. At March 31, 2011 the LIBOR margin percentage was 1.0%.

At April 3, 2011, outstanding borrowings under Term loan A were $84.4 million with the remaining balance due and payable as follows:

1) four quarterly installments of approximately $4.2 million beginning on June 30, 2011; and

2) four quarterly installments of approximately $16.9 million beginning on June 30, 2012.

Under the senior credit facility, Carrols is required to make mandatory prepayments of principal on term loan A facility borrowings (a) annually in an amount up to 50% of Excess Cash Flow depending upon Carrols’ Total Leverage Ratio (as such terms are defined in the senior credit facility), (b) in the event of certain dispositions of assets (all subject to certain exceptions) and insurance proceeds, in an amount equal to 100% of the net proceeds received by Carrols therefrom, and (c) in an amount equal to 100% of the net proceeds from any subsequent issuance of debt. For the year ended December 31, 2010, there was not a required prepayment based on the Excess Cash Flow for 2010, as defined. For the year ended December 31, 2009, Carrols was required to make a principal prepayment of approximately $1.0 million in the first quarter of 2010.

The senior credit facility contains customary default provisions as provided therein, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the senior credit facility if there is a default in the payment of any principal of or interest on any indebtedness of Carrols having an outstanding principal amount of at least $2.5 million (excluding lease financing obligations but which would include the Indenture governing the Notes) or any event or condition which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

In general, Carrols’ obligations under the senior credit facility are guaranteed by the Company and all of Carrols’ material subsidiaries and are collateralized by a pledge of Carrols’ common stock and the stock of each of Carrols’ material subsidiaries. The senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting Carrols’ ability to incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the nature of its business, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments or pay dividends. In addition, Carrols is required to meet certain financial ratios, including fixed charge coverage, senior leverage, and total leverage ratios (all as defined under the senior credit facility). Carrols was in compliance with the covenants under its senior credit facility as of April 3, 2011.

After reserving $13.5 million for letters of credit guaranteed by the facility, $45.2 million was available for borrowings under the revolving credit facility at April 3, 2011.

Senior Subordinated Notes. On December 15, 2004, Carrols issued $180 million of 9% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 (the “Notes”) that bear interest at a rate of 9% payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 and mature on January 15, 2013. The Notes are redeemable at the option of Carrols in whole or in part at 100% of the principal amount. At both April 3, 2011 and January 2, 2011, $165.0 million principal amount of the Notes were outstanding.

Restrictive covenants under the Notes include limitations with respect to the Carrols’ ability to issue additional debt, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, pay dividends and make certain investments. Carrols was in compliance as of April 3, 2011 with the restrictive covenants in the Indenture governing the Notes.

The Indenture governing the Notes contains customary default provisions as provided therein, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the Notes and the Indenture if there is a default under any indebtedness of Carrols having an outstanding principal amount of $20 million or more (which would include the senior credit facility) if such default results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.

6. Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was comprised of the following:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011      2010  

Current

   $ 1,077       $ 1,452   

Deferred

     —           (20
                 
   $ 1,077       $ 1,432   
                 

The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for 2011 of 32.4%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments. There were no discrete tax adjustments in the three months ended March 31, 2011.

The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2010 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for 2010 of 37.0%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments. Discrete tax adjustments increased the provision for income taxes by $46 in the three months ended March 31, 2010.

The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had no unrecognized tax benefits and no accrued interest related to uncertain tax positions.

The tax years 2007-2010 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject. Although it is not reasonably possible to estimate the amount by which unrecognized tax benefits may increase within the next twelve months due to the uncertainties regarding the timing of any examinations, the Company does not expect unrecognized tax benefits to significantly change in the next twelve months.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

7. Other Liabilities, Long-Term

Other liabilities, long-term, at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consisted of the following:

 

     March 31,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 

Accrued occupancy costs

   $ 13,304       $ 13,250   

Accrued workers’ compensation costs

     3,607         3,423   

Deferred compensation

     785         2,937   

Other

     3,370         3,442   
                 
   $ 21,066       $ 23,052   
                 

Accrued occupancy costs include obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations, contingent rent and accruals to expense operating lease rental payments on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

The following table presents the activity in the exit cost reserve included in accrued occupancy costs at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010:

 

     Three months ended
March 31, 2011
    Year ended
December 31, 2010
 

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 1,665      $ 862   

Changes in estimates of accrued costs

     265        1,279   

Payments, net

     (257     (632

Other adjustments

     34        156   
                

Balance, end of period

   $ 1,707      $ 1,665   
                

8. Postretirement Benefits

The Company provides postretirement medical benefits covering substantially all Burger King administrative and restaurant management salaried employees who retire or terminate after qualifying for such benefits. A December 31 measurement date is used for postretirement benefits.

The following summarizes the components of net periodic postretirement benefit income:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Service cost

   $ 7      $ 8   

Interest cost

     25        27   

Amortization of net gains and losses

     24        24   

Amortization of prior service credit

     (90     (90
                

Net periodic postretirement benefit income

   $ (34   $ (31
                

During the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company made contributions of $38 to its postretirement plan and expects to make additional contributions during 2011. Contributions made by the Company to its postretirement plan for the year ended December 31, 2010 were $156.

9. Lease Financing Obligations

The Company has previously entered into sale-leaseback transactions involving certain restaurant properties that did not qualify for sale-leaseback accounting and as a result were classified as financing transactions. Under the financing method, the assets remain on the consolidated balance sheet and proceeds received by the Company from these transactions are recorded as a financing liability. Payments under these leases are applied as payments of imputed interest and deemed principal on the underlying financing obligations.

Interest expense associated with lease financing obligations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

10. Business Segment Information

The Company is engaged in the quick-service and quick-casual restaurant industry, with three restaurant concepts: Burger King, operating as a franchisee, and Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, both Company-owned concepts. Pollo Tropical is a quick-casual restaurant chain offering a unique selection of food items reflecting tropical and Caribbean influences and feature grilled marinated chicken and authentic “made from scratch” side dishes. Taco Cabana is a quick-casual restaurant chain featuring fresh Mexican style food, including flame-grilled beef and chicken fajitas, quesadillas and other Tex-Mex dishes.

The accounting policies of each segment are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010. The following table includes Adjusted Segment EBITDA, which is the measure of segment profit or loss reported to the chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to the segments and assessing their performance. Adjusted Segment EBITDA is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable segment before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment losses and other lease charges, stock-based compensation expense, other income and gains and losses on extinguishment of debt.

The “Other” column includes corporate related items not allocated to reportable segments, including stock-based compensation expense. Other identifiable assets consist primarily of cash, certain other assets, corporate property and equipment, including restaurant information systems expenditures, goodwill and deferred income taxes.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

Three Months Ended

   Pollo
Tropical
     Taco
Cabana
     Burger
King
     Other      Consolidated  

March 31, 2011:

              

Total revenues

   $ 52,235       $ 63,381       $ 81,622       $ —         $ 197,238   

Cost of sales

     17,149         19,195         23,971         —           60,315   

Restaurant wages and related expenses

     12,293         19,336         26,929         10         58,568   

Restaurant rent expense

     2,313         4,031         5,710         —           12,054   

General and administrative expenses (1)

     2,783         3,102         7,306         665         13,856   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,915         2,266         3,446         481         8,108   

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

     10,059         6,493         1,141         

Capital expenditures, including acquisitions

     1,192         3,841         2,858         545         8,436   

March 31, 2010:

              

Total revenues

   $ 45,493       $ 62,032       $ 87,619       $ —         $ 195,144   

Cost of sales

     14,693         18,555         25,950         —           59,198   

Restaurant wages and related expenses

     11,589         19,350         28,181         14         59,134   

Restaurant rent expense

     2,461         3,899         5,996         —           12,356   

General and administrative expenses (1)

     2,808         2,770         6,540         379         12,497   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,930         2,277         3,472         443         8,122   

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

     6,727         6,761         3,786         

Capital expenditures, including acquisitions

     801         1,290         3,297         392         5,780   

Identifiable Assets:

              

At March 31, 2011

   $ 50,388       $ 63,424       $ 141,086       $ 171,528       $ 426,426   

At December 31, 2010

     51,125         63,061         142,922         169,194         426,302   

 

(1) For the Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana segments, such amounts include general and administrative expenses related directly to each segment. For the Burger King segment such amounts include general and administrative expenses related directly to the Burger King segment as well as expenses associated with administrative support to the Company’s Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana segments for executive management, information systems and certain accounting, legal and other administrative functions. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, these costs were $1.4 million for Pollo Tropical and $1.9 million for Taco Cabana. For the three months ended March 31, 2010, these costs were $1.1 million for Pollo Tropical and $1.4 million for Taco Cabana.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

A reconciliation of Adjusted Segment EBITDA to consolidated net income is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Adjusted Segment EBITDA:

    

Pollo Tropical

   $ 10,059      $ 6,727   

Taco Cabana

     6,493        6,761   

Burger King

     1,141        3,786   

Less:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     8,108        8,122   

Impairment and other lease charges

     1,080        270   

Interest expense

     4,613        4,743   

Provision for income taxes

     1,077        1,432   

Stock-based compensation expense

     675        393   

Other income

     (106     —     
                

Net income

   $ 2,246      $ 2,314   
                

11. Commitments and Contingencies

On November 16, 1998, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York (the “Court”), under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, against Carrols. The complaint alleged that Carrols engaged in a pattern or practice of unlawful discrimination, harassment and retaliation against former and current female employees. The EEOC ultimately attempted to present evidence of 511 individuals that it believed constituted the “class” of claimants for which it was seeking monetary and injunctive relief from Carrols. On April 20, 2005, the Court issued a decision and order granting Carrols’ Motion for Summary Judgment that Carrols filed in January 2004, dismissing the EEOC’s pattern or practice claim. Carrols then moved for summary judgment against the claims of the 511 individual claimants. On March 2, 2011, the Court issued a decision and order granting summary judgment against the claims of all but 131 of the 511 individual claimants and dismissed 380 of the individual claimants from the case. Both the EEOC and Carrols have since filed motions for reconsideration in part of the Court’s March 2, 2011 decision and order, as a result of which the number of surviving claimants may increase to as many as 184 or decrease to as few as four. It is not possible to predict the outcome of these motions at this time.

Subject to possible appeal by the EEOC, the EEOC’s pattern or practice claim is dismissed; however, the Court has yet to determine how the claims of the individual claimants ultimately determined to survive will proceed. Although the Company believes that the EEOC’s continued class litigation argument is without merit, it is not possible to predict the outcome of that matter on an appeal, if one is taken. The Company does not believe that any of the remaining individual claims would have a material adverse impact on its consolidated financial statements.

The Company is a party to various other litigation matters incidental to the conduct of the Company’s business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any of these other matters will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements.

12. Net Income per Share

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the dilutive effect of outstanding stock options using the treasury stock method. To the extent such outstanding stock options are antidilutive, they are excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share.

 

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CARROLS RESTAURANT GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

The following table is a reconciliation of the net income and share amounts used in the calculation of basic net income per share and diluted net income per share:

 

     Three months ended March 31,  
     2011      2010  

Basic net income per share:

     

Net income

   $ 2,246       $ 2,314   

Weighted average common shares outstanding

     21,642,718         21,613,689   
                 

Basic net income per share

   $ 0.10       $ 0.11   
                 

Diluted net income per share:

     

Net income for diluted net income per share

   $ 2,246       $ 2,314   

Shares used in computed basic net income per share

     21,642,718         21,613,689   

Dilutive effect of non-vested shares and stock options

     425,035         223,911   
                 

Shares used in computed diluted net income per share

     22,067,753         21,837,600   
                 

Diluted net income per share

   $ 0.10       $ 0.11   
                 

Shares excluded from diluted net income per share computation (1)

     1,925,047         2,057,504   
                 

 

(1) These shares were not included in the computation of diluted net income per share because they would have been antidilutive for the years presented.

13. Comprehensive Income

The items that currently impact the Company’s other comprehensive income are changes in postretirement benefit obligations, net of tax.

 

     Three months
ended March 31,
 
     2011      2010  

Net income

   $ 2,246       $ 2,314   

Change in postretirement benefit obligation, net of tax

     —           10   
                 

Comprehensive income

   $ 2,246       $ 2,324   
                 

14. Other Income

In the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company recorded a gain of $0.1 million related to a property insurance recovery from a fire at a Burger King restaurant.

15. Recent Accounting Developments

There are currently no recent accounting pronouncements which had or are expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of the date of this report.

 

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ITEM 1—INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     March 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 4,392      $ 3,144   

Trade and other receivables

     6,126        5,213   

Inventories

     5,088        5,203   

Prepaid rent

     4,014        4,018   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     6,013        5,349   

Refundable income taxes

     —          869   

Deferred income taxes

     4,609        4,609   
                

Total current assets

     30,242        28,405   

Property and equipment, net

     185,672        186,850   

Franchise rights, net (Note 4)

     69,633        70,432   

Goodwill (Note 4)

     124,934        124,934   

Intangible assets, net

     389        419   

Franchise agreements, at cost less accumulated amortization of $6,232 and $6,102, respectively

     5,575        5,629   

Deferred income taxes

     1,949        1,949   

Other assets

     8,032        7,684   
                

Total assets

   $ 426,426      $ 426,302   
                
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Current portion of long-term debt (Note 5)

   $ 16,937      $ 15,538   

Accounts payable

     14,823        13,944   

Accrued interest

     3,139        6,853   

Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits

     16,738        19,504   

Accrued income taxes

     1,527        —     

Accrued real estate taxes

     3,158        4,778   

Other liabilities

     9,473        7,434   
                

Total current liabilities

     65,795        68,051   

Long-term debt, net of current portion (Note 5)

     239,981        237,914   

Lease financing obligations (Note 9)

     10,061        10,061   

Deferred income—sale-leaseback of real estate

     39,817        40,472   

Accrued postretirement benefits (Note 8)

     1,790        1,845   

Other liabilities (Note 7)

     21,159        23,060   
                

Total liabilities

     378,603        381,403   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

    

Stockholder’s equity:

    

Common stock, par value $1; authorized 1,000 shares, issued and outstanding—10 shares

     —          —     

Additional paid-in capital

     (3,407     (4,083

Retained earnings

     49,695        47,447   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (Note 12)

     1,535        1,535   
                

Total stockholder’s equity

     47,823        44,899   
                

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity

   $ 426,426      $ 426,302   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2011 AND 2010

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     2011     2010  

Revenues:

    

Restaurant sales

   $ 196,873      $ 194,667   

Franchise royalty revenues and fees

     365        477   
                

Total revenues

     197,238        195,144   
                

Costs and expenses:

    

Cost of sales

     60,315        59,198   

Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock-based compensation expense of $10 and $14, respectively)

     58,568        59,134   

Restaurant rent expense

     12,054        12,356   

Other restaurant operating expenses

     27,924        28,232   

Advertising expense

     7,503        6,846   

General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $665 and $379, respectively)

     13,854        12,495   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,108        8,122   

Impairment and other lease charges (Note 3)

     1,080        270   

Other income (Note 13)

     (106     —     
                

Total operating expenses

     189,300        186,653   
                

Income from operations

     7,938        8,491   

Interest expense

     4,613        4,743   
                

Income before income taxes

     3,325        3,748   

Provision for income taxes (Note 6)

     1,077        1,432   
                

Net income

   $ 2,248      $ 2,316   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2011 AND 2010

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     2011     2010  

Cash flows provided (used for) from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 2,248      $ 2,316   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from (used for) operating activities:

    

Loss on disposals of property and equipment

     114        64   

Stock-based compensation expense

     675        393   

Impairment and other lease charges

     1,080        270   

Depreciation and amortization

     8,108        8,122   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     233        239   

Amortization of deferred gains from sale-leaseback transactions

     (839     (830

Accretion of interest on lease financing obligations

     —          14   

Deferred income taxes

     —          (20

Accrued income taxes

     2,396        2,814   

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities

     (9,328     (13,506
                

Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities

     4,687        (124
                

Cash flows used for investing activities:

    

Capital expenditures:

    

New restaurant development

     (3,407     (1,192

Restaurant remodeling

     (2,999     (1,993

Other restaurant capital expenditures

     (1,485     (2,203

Corporate and restaurant information systems

     (545     (392
                

Total capital expenditures

     (8,436     (5,780

Properties purchased for sale-leaseback

     —          (1,141

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

     1,861        2,319   
                

Net cash used for investing activities

     (6,575     (4,602
                

Cash flows provided from financing activities:

    

Borrowings on revolving credit facility

     25,800        41,700   

Repayments on revolving credit facility

     (19,500     (33,400

Principal pre-payments on term loans

     —          (1,023

Scheduled principal payments on term loans

     (2,814     (2,971

Deferred financing fees

     (330     —     

Principal payments on capital leases

     (20     (22

Proceeds from stock option exercises

     —          11   
                

Net cash provided from financing activities

     3,136        4,295   
                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     1,248        (431

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     3,144        4,402   
                

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 4,392      $ 3,971   
                

Supplemental disclosures:

    

Interest paid on long-term debt

   $ 7,848      $ 7,966   

Interest paid on lease financing obligations

   $ 245      $ 231   

Accruals for capital expenditures

   $ 980      $ 170   

Income taxes refunded, net of payments

   $ (1,319   $ (1,392

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands of dollars, except share and per share amounts)

1. Basis of Presentation

Business Description. At April 3, 2011 the Company operated, as franchisee, 304 quick-service restaurants under the trade name “Burger King” in 12 Northeastern, Midwestern and Southeastern states. At April 3, 2011, the Company also owned and operated 90 Pollo Tropical restaurants, of which 85 were located in Florida, five were located in New Jersey, and franchised a total of 29 Pollo Tropical restaurants, 21 in Puerto Rico, two in Ecuador, one in Honduras, one in the Bahamas, one in Trinidad and three on college campuses in Florida. At April 3, 2011, the Company owned and operated 156 Taco Cabana restaurants located primarily in Texas and franchised two Taco Cabana restaurants in New Mexico, two in Texas and one in Georgia.

On February 24, 2011, Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. and the Company announced their intention to pursue the splitting of their businesses into two separate, publicly-traded companies through the tax-free spin-off of their combined Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana businesses to Carrols Restaurant Group’s stockholders. The company to be spun-off will own and operate the Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana businesses. Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. and the Company will continue to own and operate their franchised Burger King restaurants.

Basis of Consolidation. The unaudited consolidated financial statements presented herein include the accounts of Carrols Corporation and its subsidiaries (the “Company”). The Company is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. (“Carrols Restaurant Group” or the “Parent Company”). All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The difference between the consolidated financial statements of Carrols Corporation and Carrols Restaurant Group is primarily due to additional rent expense of approximately $6 per year for Carrols Restaurant Group and the composition of stockholder’s equity.

Fiscal Year. The Company uses a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. All references herein to the fiscal years ended January 2, 2011 and January 3, 2010 will be referred to as the fiscal years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Similarly, all references herein to the three months ended April 3, 2011 and April 4, 2010 will be referred to as the three months ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010, respectively. The year ended December 31, 2010 contained 52 weeks and the year ended December 31, 2009 contained 53 weeks. The three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 each contained thirteen weeks.

Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 have been prepared without an audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include certain of the information and the footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2010 contained in the Company’s 2010 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The December 31, 2010 balance sheet data is derived from those audited financial statements.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; and Level 3 inputs are unobservable and reflect our own assumptions. The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate the fair value:

 

   

Current Assets and Liabilities. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents and accrued liabilities approximates fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.

 

   

Senior Subordinated Notes. The fair values of outstanding senior subordinated notes are based on quoted market prices. The fair values at both March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were approximately $165.4 million.

 

   

Revolving and Term Loan Facilities. Rates and terms under the Company’s senior credit facility are favorable to debt with similar terms and maturities that could be obtained, if at all, at March 31, 2011. Given the lack of comparative information regarding such debt, including the lack of trading in our Term A debt, it is not practicable to estimate the fair value of existing borrowings under the Company’s senior credit facility at March 31, 2011.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

Use of Estimates. The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates include: accrued occupancy costs, insurance liabilities, income taxes, evaluation for impairment of goodwill, long-lived assets and Burger King franchise rights and lease accounting matters. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Earnings Per Share Presentation. Presentation of earnings per share is required for all entities that have issued common stock or potential common stock if those securities trade in a public market either on a stock exchange (domestic or foreign) or in the over-the-counter market. The Company’s common stock is not publicly traded and therefore, earnings per share amounts are not presented.

Subsequent Events. The Company evaluated for subsequent events through the issuance date of the Company’s financial statements. No subsequent events requiring disclosure were noted.

2. Stock-Based Compensation

On January 15, 2011, the Company granted in the aggregate 360,200 non-vested restricted shares of its common stock to certain employees. In general, these shares vest and become non-forfeitable 25% per year and will be expensed over their 4 year vesting period. Included in the non-vested restricted share grant were 200,000 shares granted to our Chief Executive Officer, of which 100,000 shares will be expensed over a one year period ending January 15, 2012 and 100,000 shares will be expensed through December of 2013.

Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was $0.7 million and $0.4 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2011, the total non-vested stock-based compensation expense relating to the options and non-vested shares was approximately $4.6 million and the Company expects to record an additional $2.1 million as compensation expense in 2011. At March 31, 2011, the remaining weighted average vesting period for stock options and non-vested shares was 2.7 years and 3.6 years, respectively.

Stock Options

A summary of all option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was as follows:

 

     2006 Plan  
     Number of
Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value (1)
 

Options outstanding at January 1, 2011

     2,588,017      $ 9.17         4.2       $ 2,948   

Granted

     —             

Exercised

     (16,436     5.12         

Forfeited

     (13,262     6.99         
                

Options outstanding at March 31, 2011

     2,558,319      $ 9.21         4.0       $ 5,430   
                

Vested or expected to vest at March 31, 2011

     2,534,957      $ 9.23         4.0       $ 5,356   
                

Options exercisable at March 31, 2011

     1,504,545      $ 10.86         3.5       $ 2,062   
                

 

(1) The aggregate intrinsic value was calculated using the difference between the market price of Carrols Restaurant Group’s common stock at April 3, 2011 and the grant price for only those awards that had a grant price that was less than the market price of Carrols Restaurant Group’s common stock at April 3, 2011.

A summary of all non-vested stock activity for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was as follows:

 

     Shares     Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Price
 

Nonvested at January 1, 2011

     45,701      $ 6.16   

Granted

     360,200        7.65   

Vested

     (4,700     8.08   

Forfeited

     (1,400     6.90   
          

Nonvested at March 31, 2011

     399,801      $ 7.49   
          

3. Impairment of Long-lived Assets and Other Lease Charges

The Company reviews its long-lived assets, principally property and equipment, for impairment at the restaurant level. If an indicator of impairment exists for any of its assets, an estimate of the undiscounted future cash flows over the life of the primary asset for each restaurant is compared to that long-lived asset’s carrying value. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted cash flow, the Company then determines the fair value of the asset and if an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value plus any lease liabilities to be incurred for non-operating properties, net of any estimated sublease recoveries.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

The Company determined the fair value of the impaired long-lived assets at the restaurant level based on current economic conditions and historical experience. These fair value asset measurements rely on significant unobservable inputs and are considered Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The non-financial assets measured at fair value associated with impairment charges recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2011 totaled $40. They consist of restaurant equipment, which will be used in other Company restaurants with its value determined based upon the Company’s experience of amounts utilized from prior restaurant closures.

Impairment and other lease charges recorded on long-lived assets for the Company’s segments were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Burger King

   $ 816      $ 22   

Pollo Tropical

     272        52   

Taco Cabana

     (8     196   
                
   $ 1,080      $ 270   
                

During the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company recorded impairment and other lease charges of $1.1 million which primarily included $0.8 million for five underperforming Burger King restaurants and $0.2 million in other lease charges for a Pollo Tropical restaurant that was closed in the first quarter of 2011 and whose assets were previously impaired in 2010. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, the Company recorded a lease charge of $0.2 million related to a non-operating Taco Cabana property due to a reduction of estimated costs recoveries from subletting the property through the end of the remaining lease term.

4. Goodwill and Franchise Rights

Goodwill. The Company is required to review goodwill for impairment annually, or more frequently, when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. If the determined fair value of goodwill is less than the related carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized. The Company performs its annual impairment assessment as of December 31 and does not believe circumstances have changed since the last assessment date which would make it necessary to reassess their values.

There have been no changes in goodwill or goodwill impairment losses for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009. Goodwill balances are summarized below:

 

     Pollo
Tropical
     Taco
Cabana
     Burger
King
     Total  

Balance, March 31, 2011

   $ 56,307       $ 67,177       $ 1,450       $ 124,934   
                                   

Burger King Franchise Rights. Amounts allocated to franchise rights for each Burger King acquisition are amortized using the straight-line method over the average remaining term of the acquired franchise agreements plus one twenty-year renewal period.

The Company assesses the potential impairment of Burger King franchise rights whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If an indicator of impairment exists, an estimate of the aggregate undiscounted cash flows from the acquired restaurants is compared to the respective carrying value of franchise rights for each Burger King acquisition. If an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. No impairment charges were recorded related to the Company’s Burger King franchise rights for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

Amortization expense related to Burger King franchise rights was $799 and $800 for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company estimates the amortization expense for the year ending December 31, 2011 and for each of the five succeeding years to be $3,194.

5. Long-term Debt

Long-term debt at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consisted of the following:

 

     March 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 

Collateralized:

    

Senior Credit Facility-Revolving credit facility

   $ 6,300      $ —     

Senior Credit Facility-Term loan A facility

     84,436        87,250   

Unsecured:

    

9% Senior Subordinated Notes

     165,000        165,000   

Capital leases

     1,182        1,202   
                
     256,918        253,452   

Less: current portion

     (16,937     (15,538
                
   $ 239,981      $ 237,914   
                

Senior Credit Facility. The Company’s senior credit facility totals $185 million, originally consisting of $120 million principal amount of term loan A borrowings maturing on March 9, 2013 (or earlier on September 30, 2012 if the 9% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 are not refinanced by June 30, 2012) and a $65.0 million revolving credit facility (including a sub limit of up to $25.0 million for letters of credit and up to $5.0 million for swingline loans), maturing on March 8, 2012.

The term loan and revolving credit borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a per annum rate, at the Company’s option, of either:

1) the applicable margin percentage ranging from 0% to 0.25% based on the Company’s senior leverage ratio (as defined in the senior credit facility) plus the greater of (i) the prime rate or (ii) the federal funds rate for that day plus 0.5%; or

2) Adjusted LIBOR plus the applicable margin percentage in effect ranging from 1.0% to 1.5% based on the Company’s senior leverage ratio. At March 31, 2011 the LIBOR margin percentage was 1.0%.

At April 3, 2011, outstanding borrowings under Term loan A were $84.4 million with the remaining balance due and payable as follows:

1) four quarterly installments of approximately $4.2 million beginning on June 30, 2011; and

2) four quarterly installments of approximately $16.9 million beginning on June 30, 2012.

Under the senior credit facility, the Company is required to make mandatory prepayments of principal on term loan A facility borrowings (a) annually in an amount of up to 50% of Excess Cash Flow depending upon the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio (as such terms are defined in the senior credit facility), (b) in the event of certain dispositions of assets (all subject to certain exceptions) and insurance proceeds, in an amount equal to 100% of the net proceeds received by the Company therefrom, and (c) in an amount equal to 100% of the net proceeds from any subsequent issuance of debt. For the year ended December 31, 2010, there was not a required prepayment based on the Excess Cash Flow for 2010, as defined. For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company was required to make a principal prepayment of approximately $1.0 million in the first quarter of 2010.

The senior credit facility contains customary default provisions as provided therein, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the senior credit facility if there is a default in the payment of any principal of or interest on any indebtedness of the Company having an outstanding principal amount of at least $2.5 million (excluding lease financing obligations but which would include the Indenture governing the Notes) or any event or condition which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

In general, the Company’s obligations under the senior credit facility are guaranteed by Carrols Restaurant Group and all of the Company’s material subsidiaries and are collateralized by a pledge of the Company’s common stock and the stock of each of the Company’s material subsidiaries. The senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the nature of its business, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments or pay dividends. In addition, the Company is required to meet certain financial ratios, including fixed charge coverage, senior leverage, and total leverage ratios (all as defined under the senior credit facility). The Company was in compliance with the covenants under its senior credit facility as of April 3, 2011.

After reserving $13.5 million for letters of credit guaranteed by the facility, $45.2 million was available for borrowings under the revolving credit facility at April 3, 2011.

Senior Subordinated Notes. On December 15, 2004, the Company issued $180 million of 9% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 (the “Notes”) that bear interest at a rate of 9% payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 and mature on January 15, 2013. The Notes are redeemable at the option of the Company in whole or in part at 100% of the principal amount. At both April 3, 2011 and January 2, 2011, $165.0 million principal amount of the Notes were outstanding.

Restrictive covenants under the Notes include limitations with respect to the Company’s ability to issue additional debt, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, pay dividends and make certain investments. The Company was in compliance as of April 3, 2011 with the restrictive covenants in the Indenture governing the Notes.

The Indenture governing the Notes contains customary default provisions as provided therein, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the Notes and the Indenture if there is a default under any indebtedness of Carrols having an outstanding principal amount of $20 million or more (which would include the senior credit facility) if such default results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.

6. Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was comprised of the following:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011      2010  

Current

   $ 1,077       $ 1,452   

Deferred

     —           (20
                 
   $ 1,077       $ 1,432   
                 

The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2011 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for 2011 of 32.4%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments. There were no discrete tax adjustments in the three months ended March 31, 2011.

The provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2010 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for 2010 of 37.0%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments. Discrete tax adjustments increased the provision for income taxes by $46 in the three months ended March 31, 2010.

The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had no unrecognized tax benefits and no accrued interest related to uncertain tax positions.

The tax years 2007-2010 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject. Although it is not reasonably possible to estimate the amount by which unrecognized tax benefits may increase within the next twelve months due to the uncertainties regarding the timing of any examinations, the Company does not expect unrecognized tax benefits to significantly change in the next twelve months.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

7. Other Liabilities, Long-Term

Other liabilities, long-term, at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consisted of the following:

 

     March 31,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 

Accrued occupancy costs

   $ 13,304       $ 13,250   

Accrued workers’ compensation costs

     3,607         3,423   

Deferred compensation

     785         2,937   

Other

     3,463         3,450   
                 
   $ 21,159       $ 23,060   
                 

Accrued occupancy costs include obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations, contingent rent and accruals to expense operating lease rental payments on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

The following table presents the activity in the exit cost reserve included in accrued occupancy costs at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010:

 

     Three months ended
March 31, 2011
    Year ended
December 31, 2010
 

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 1,665      $ 862   

Changes in estimates of accrued costs

     265        1,279   

Payments, net

     (257     (632

Other adjustments

     34        156   
                

Balance, end of period

   $ 1,707      $ 1,665   
                

8. Postretirement Benefits

The Company provides postretirement medical benefits covering substantially all Burger King administrative and restaurant management salaried employees who retire or terminate after qualifying for such benefits. A December 31 measurement date is used for postretirement benefits.

The following summarizes the components of net periodic postretirement benefit income:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Service cost

   $ 7      $ 8   

Interest cost

     25        27   

Amortization of net gains and losses

     24        24   

Amortization of prior service credit

     (90     (90
                

Net periodic postretirement benefit income

   $ (34   $ (31
                

During the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company made contributions of $38 to its postretirement plan and expects to make additional contributions during 2011. Contributions made by the Company to its postretirement plan for the year ended December 31, 2010 were $156.

9. Lease Financing Obligations

The Company has previously entered into sale-leaseback transactions involving certain restaurant properties that did not qualify for sale-leaseback accounting and as a result, were classified as financing transactions. Under the financing method, the assets remain on the consolidated balance sheet and proceeds received by the Company from these transactions are recorded as a financing liability. Payments under these leases are applied as payments of imputed interest and deemed principal on the underlying financing obligations.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

Interest expense associated with lease financing obligations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

10. Business Segment Information

The Company is engaged in the quick-service and quick-casual restaurant industry, with three restaurant concepts: Burger King, operating as a franchisee, and Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, both Company-owned concepts. Pollo Tropical is a quick-casual restaurant chain offering a unique selection of food items reflecting tropical and Caribbean influences and feature grilled marinated chicken and authentic “made from scratch” side dishes. Taco Cabana is a quick-casual restaurant chain featuring fresh Mexican style food, including flame-grilled beef and chicken fajitas, quesadillas and other Tex-Mex dishes.

The accounting policies of each segment are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010. The following table includes Adjusted Segment EBITDA, which is the measure of segment profit or loss reported to the chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to the segments and assessing their performance. Adjusted Segment EBITDA is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable segment before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment losses and other lease charges, stock-based compensation expense, other income and gains and losses on extinguishment of debt.

The “Other” column includes corporate related items not allocated to reportable segments, including stock-based compensation expense. Other identifiable assets consist primarily of cash, certain other assets, corporate property and equipment, including restaurant information systems expenditures, goodwill and deferred income taxes.

 

Three Months Ended

   Pollo
Tropical
     Taco
Cabana
     Burger
King
     Other      Consolidated  

March 31, 2011:

              

Total revenues

   $ 52,235       $ 63,381       $ 81,622       $ —         $ 197,238   

Cost of sales

     17,149         19,195         23,971         —           60,315   

Restaurant wages and related expenses

     12,293         19,336         26,929         10         58,568   

Restaurant rent expense

     2,313         4,031         5,710         —           12,054   

General and administrative expenses (1)

     2,781         3,102         7,306         665         13,854   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,915         2,266         3,446         481         8,108   

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

     10,061         6,493         1,141         

Capital expenditures, including acquisitions

     1,192         3,841         2,858         545         8,436   

March 31, 2010:

              

Total revenues

   $ 45,493       $ 62,032       $ 87,619       $ —         $ 195,144   

Cost of sales

     14,693         18,555         25,950         —           59,198   

Restaurant wages and related expenses

     11,589         19,350         28,181         14         59,134   

Restaurant rent expense

     2,461         3,899         5,996         —           12,356   

General and administrative expenses (1)

     2,806         2,770         6,540         379         12,495   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,930         2,277         3,472         443         8,122   

Adjusted Segment EBITDA

     6,729         6,761         3,786         

Capital expenditures, including acquisitions

     801         1,290         3,297         392         5,780   

Identifiable Assets:

              

At March 31, 2011

   $ 50,388       $ 63,424       $ 141,086       $ 171,528       $ 426,426   

At December 31, 2010

     51,125         63,061         142,922         169,194         426,302   

 

(1) For the Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana segments, such amounts include general and administrative expenses related directly to each segment. For the Burger King segment such amounts include general and administrative expenses related directly to the Burger King segment as well as expenses associated with administrative support to the Company’s Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana segments for executive management, information systems and certain accounting, legal and other administrative functions. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, these costs were $1.4 million for Pollo Tropical and $1.9 million for Taco Cabana. For the three months ended March 31, 2010, these costs were $1.1 million for Pollo Tropical and $1.4 million for Taco Cabana.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

A reconciliation of Adjusted Segment EBITDA to consolidated net income is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  

Adjusted Segment EBITDA:

    

Pollo Tropical

   $ 10,061      $ 6,729   

Taco Cabana

     6,493        6,761   

Burger King

     1,141        3,786   

Less:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     8,108        8,122   

Impairment and other lease charges

     1,080        270   

Interest expense

     4,613        4,743   

Provision for income taxes

     1,077        1,432   

Stock-based compensation expense

     675        393   

Other income

     (106     —     
                

Net income

   $ 2,248      $ 2,316   
                

11. Commitments and Contingencies

On November 16, 1998, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York (the “Court”), under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, against the Company. The complaint alleged that the Company engaged in a pattern or practice of unlawful discrimination, harassment and retaliation against former and current female employees. The EEOC ultimately attempted to present evidence of 511 individuals that it believed constituted the “class” of claimants for which it was seeking monetary and injunctive relief from the Company. On April 20, 2005, the Court issued a decision and order granting the Company’s Motion for Summary Judgment that the Company filed in January 2004, dismissing the EEOC’s pattern or practice claim. The Company then moved for summary judgment against the claims of the 511 individual claimants. On March 2, 2011, the Court issued a decision and order granting summary judgment against the claims of all but 131 of the 511 individual claimants and dismissed 380 of the individual claimants from the case. Both the EEOC and the Company have since filed motions for reconsideration in part of the Court’s March 2, 2011 decision and order, as a result of which the number of surviving claimants may increase to as many as 184 or decrease to as few as four. It is not possible to predict the outcome of these motions at this time.

Subject to possible appeal by the EEOC, the EEOC’s pattern or practice claim is dismissed; however, the Court has yet to determine how the claims of the individual claimants ultimately determined to survive will proceed. Although the Company believes that the EEOC’s continued class litigation argument is without merit, it is not possible to predict the outcome of that matter on an appeal, if one is taken. The Company does not believe that any of the remaining individual claims would have a material adverse impact on its consolidated financial statements.

The Company is a party to various other litigation matters incidental to the conduct of the Company’s business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any of these other matters will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements.

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

12. Comprehensive income

The items that currently impact the Company’s other comprehensive income are changes in the postretirement benefit obligations, net of tax.

 

     Three months
ended March 31,
 
     2011      2010  

Net income

   $ 2,248       $ 2,316   

Change in postretirement benefit obligation, net of tax

     —           10   
                 

Comprehensive income

   $ 2,248       $ 2,326   
                 

13. Other Income

In the three months ended March 31, 2011, the Company recorded a gain of $0.1 million related to a property insurance recovery from a fire at a Burger King restaurant.

14. Recent Accounting Developments

There are currently no recent accounting pronouncements which had or are expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of the date of this report.

15. Guarantor Financial Statements

The Company’s obligations under the Notes are jointly and severally guaranteed in full on an unsecured senior subordinated basis by certain of the Company’s subsidiaries (“Guarantor Subsidiaries”), all of which are directly or indirectly wholly-owned by the Company. These subsidiaries are:

Cabana Beverages, Inc.

Cabana Bevco LLC

Carrols LLC

Carrols Realty Holdings Corp.

Carrols Realty I Corp.

Carrols Realty II Corp.

Carrols J.G. Corp.

Quanta Advertising Corp.

Pollo Franchise, Inc.

Pollo Operations, Inc.

Taco Cabana, Inc.

TP Acquisition Corp.

TC Bevco LLC

T.C. Management, Inc.

TC Lease Holdings III, V and VI, Inc.

Get Real, Inc.

Texas Taco Cabana, L.P.

TPAQ Holding Corporation

The following supplemental financial information sets forth on a consolidating basis, balance sheets as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 for the Parent Company only, Guarantor Subsidiaries and for the Company and the related statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

(in thousands of dollars except share and per share amounts)

 

For certain of the Company’s sale-leaseback transactions, the Parent Company has guaranteed on an unsecured basis the rental payments of its subsidiaries. In accordance with ASC 840-40-25-16, “Sale-Leaseback Transactions,” the Company has included in the following guarantor financial statements amounts pertaining to these leases as if they were accounted for as financing transactions of the Guarantor Subsidiaries. These adjustments are eliminated in consolidation.

For purposes of the guarantor financial statements, the Company and its subsidiaries determine the applicable tax provision for each entity generally using the separate return method. Under this method, current taxes are allocated to each reporting entity as if it were to file a separate tax return. The rules followed by the reporting entity in computing its tax obligation or refund would be the same as those followed in filing a separate income tax return. However, for purposes of evaluating an entity’s ability to realize its tax attributes, the Company assesses whether it is more likely than not that those assets will be realized at the consolidated level. Any differences in the total of the income tax provision for the Parent Company only and the Guarantor Subsidiaries, as calculated on the separate return method, and the consolidated income tax provision are eliminated in consolidation.

The Company provides administrative support to its subsidiaries related to executive management, information systems and certain accounting, legal and other administrative functions. For purposes of the guarantor financial statements, the Company allocates such corporate costs on a specific identification basis, where applicable, or based on revenues or the number of restaurants for each subsidiary. Management believes that these allocations are reasonable based on the nature of costs incurred. Beginning in January 2011, all administrative costs have been allocated to our guarantor subsidiaries using such methods.

 

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Table of Contents

CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

March 31, 2011

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     Parent
Company
Only
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated
Total
 
ASSETS         

Current assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,270      $ 3,122      $ —        $ 4,392   

Trade and other receivables

     115        6,011        —          6,126   

Inventories

     —          5,088        —          5,088   

Prepaid rent

     5        4,009        —          4,014   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,455        4,558        —          6,013   

Deferred income taxes

     (108     4,717        —          4,609   
                                

Total current assets

     2,737        27,505        —          30,242   

Property and equipment, net

     11,746        256,945        (83,019     185,672   

Franchise rights, net

     —          69,633        —          69,633   

Goodwill

     —          124,934        —          124,934   

Intangible assets, net

     —          389        —          389   

Franchise fees, net

     —          5,575        —          5,575   

Intercompany receivable (payable)

     106,605        (136,767     30,162        —     

Investment in subsidiaries

     184,773        —          (184,773     —     

Deferred income taxes

     2,814        3,649        (4,514     1,949   

Other assets

     3,726        6,244        (1,938     8,032   
                                

Total assets

   $ 312,401      $ 358,107      $ (244,082   $ 426,426   
                                

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY

        

Current liabilities:

        

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ 16,887      $ 50      $ —        $ 16,937   

Accounts payable

     2,179        12,644        —          14,823   

Accrued interest

     3,139        —          —          3,139   

Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits

     (326     17,064        —          16,738   

Accrued income taxes payable

     1,527        —          —          1,527   

Accrued real estate taxes

     —          3,158        —          3,158   

Other liabilities

     455        9,018        —          9,473   
                                

Total current liabilities

     23,861        41,934        —          65,795   

Long-term debt, net of current portion

     238,849        1,132        —          239,981   

Lease financing obligations

     —          126,441        (116,380     10,061   

Deferred income—sale-leaseback of real estate

     —          23,840        15,977        39,817   

Accrued postretirement benefits

     1,790        —          —          1,790   

Other liabilities

     78        19,145        1,936        21,159   
                                

Total liabilities

     264,578        212,492        (98,467     378,603   

Commitments and contingencies

        

Stockholder’s equity

     47,823        145,615        (145,615     47,823   
                                

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity

   $ 312,401      $ 358,107      $ (244,082   $ 426,426   
                                

 

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Table of Contents

CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

December 31, 2010

(In thousands of dollars)

 

      Parent
Company
Only
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated
Total
 
ASSETS         

Current assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 42      $ 3,102      $ —        $ 3,144   

Trade and other receivables

     91        5,122        —          5,213   

Refundable income taxes

     869        —          —          869   

Inventories

     —          5,203        —          5,203   

Prepaid rent

     5        4,013        —          4,018   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,452        3,897        —          5,349   

Deferred income taxes

     (108     4,717        —          4,609   
                                

Total current assets

     2,351        26,054        —          28,405   

Property and equipment, net

     10,613        259,774        (83,537     186,850   

Franchise rights, net

     —          70,432        —          70,432   

Goodwill

     —          124,934        —          124,934   

Intangible assets, net

     —          419        —          419   

Franchise agreements, net

     —          5,629        —          5,629   

Intercompany receivable (payable)

     109,966        (139,948     29,982        —     

Investment in subsidiaries

     180,985        —          (180,985     —     

Deferred income taxes

     2,814        3,356        (4,221     1,949   

Other assets

     3,619        6,065        (2,000     7,684   
                                

Total assets

   $ 310,348      $ 356,715      $ (240,761   $ 426,302   
                                
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY         

Current liabilities:

        

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ 15,480      $ 58      $ —        $ 15,538   

Accounts payable

     2,072        11,872        —          13,944   

Accrued interest

     6,853        —          —          6,853   

Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits

     85        19,419        —          19,504   

Accrued real estate taxes

     —          4,778        —          4,778   

Other liabilities

     220        7,214        —          7,434   
                                

Total current liabilities

     24,710        43,341        —          68,051   

Long-term debt, net of current portion

     236,770        1,144        —          237,914   

Lease financing obligations

     —          126,430        (116,369     10,061   

Deferred income—sale-leaseback of real estate

     —          24,157        16,315        40,472   

Accrued postretirement benefits

     1,845        —          —          1,845   

Other liabilities

     2,124        19,072        1,864        23,060   
                                

Total liabilities

     265,449        214,144        (98,190     381,403   

Commitments and contingencies

        

Stockholder’s equity

     44,899        142,571        (142,571     44,899   
                                

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity

   $ 310,348      $ 356,715      $ (240,761   $ 426,302   
                                

 

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Table of Contents

CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     Parent
Company
Only
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated
Total
 

Revenues:

        

Restaurant sales

   $ —        $ 196,873      $ —        $ 196,873   

Franchise royalty revenues and fees

     —          365        —          365   
                                

Total revenues

     —          197,238        —          197,238   
                                

Costs and expenses:

        

Cost of sales

     —          60,315        —          60,315   

Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock based compensation expense of $10)

     —          58,568        —          58,568   

Restaurant rent expense

     —          9,750        2,304        12,054   

Other restaurant operating expenses

     —          27,924        —          27,924   

Advertising expense

     —          7,503        —          7,503   

General and administrative (including stock based compensation expense of $665)

     —          13,854        —          13,854   

Depreciation and amortization

     —          8,628        (520     8,108   

Impairment and other lease charges

     —          1,080        —          1,080   

Other income

     —          (106     —          (106
                                

Total operating expenses

     —          187,516        1,784        189,300   
                                

Income from operations

     —          9,722        (1,784     7,938   

Interest expense

     4,328        2,925        (2,640     4,613   

Intercompany interest allocations

     (1,997     1,997        —          —     
                                

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (2,331     4,800        856        3,325   

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

     (791     1,756        112        1,077   

Equity income from subsidiaries

     3,788        —          (3,788     —     
                                

Net income

   $ 2,248      $ 3,044      $ (3,044   $ 2,248   
                                

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended March 31, 2010

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     Parent
Company
Only
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations     Consolidated
Total
 

Revenues:

         

Restaurant sales

   $ —        $ 194,667       $ —        $ 194,667   

Franchise royalty revenues and fees

     —          477         —          477   
                                 

Total revenues

     —          195,144         —          195,144   
                                 

Costs and expenses:

         

Cost of sales

     —          59,198         —          59,198   

Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock based compensation expense of $14)

     —          59,134         —          59,134   

Restaurant rent expense

     —          10,047         2,309        12,356   

Other restaurant operating expenses

     —          28,232         —          28,232   

Advertising expense

     —          6,846         —          6,846   

General and administrative (including stock based compensation expense of $379)

     2,215        10,280         —          12,495   

Depreciation and amortization

     —          8,642         (520     8,122   

Impairment and other lease charges

     —          270         —          270   
                                 

Total operating expenses

     2,215        182,649         1,789        186,653   
                                 

Income (loss) from operations

     (2,215     12,495         (1,789     8,491   

Interest expense

     4,456        2,959         (2,672     4,743   

Intercompany interest allocations

     (4,556     4,556         —          —     
                                 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (2,115     4,980         883        3,748   

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

     (716     1,815         333        1,432   

Equity income from subsidiaries

     3,715        —           (3,715     —     
                                 

Net income

   $ 2,316      $ 3,165       $ (3,165   $ 2,316   
                                 

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     Parent
Company
Only
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated
Total
 

Cash flows provided from (used for) operating activities:

        

Net income

   $ 2,248      $ 3,044      $ (3,044   $ 2,248   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from (used for) operating activities:

        

Loss on disposals of property and equipment

     —          114        —          114   

Stock-based compensation expense

     —          675        —          675   

Impairment and other lease charges

     —          1,080        —          1,080   

Depreciation and amortization

     —          8,628        (520     8,108   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     229        67        (63     233   

Amortization of deferred gains from sale-leaseback transactions

     —          (501     (338     (839

Accretion of interest on lease financing obligations

     —          12        (12     —     

Deferred income taxes

     —          (292     292        —     

Accrued income taxes

     2,396        —          —          2,396   

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities

     (6,348     (6,665     3,685        (9,328
                                

Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities

     (1,475     6,162        —          4,687   
                                

Cash flows used for investing activities:

        

Capital expenditures:

        

New restaurant development

     —          (3,407     —          (3,407

Restaurant remodeling

     —          (2,999     —          (2,999

Other restaurant capital expenditures

     —          (1,485     —          (1,485

Corporate and restaurant information systems

     (453     (92     —          (545
                                

Total capital expenditures

     (453     (7,983     —          (8,436

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

     —          1,861        —          1,861   
                                

Net cash used for investing activities

     (453     (6,122     —          (6,575
                                

Cash flows provided from (used for) financing activities:

        

Borrowings on revolving credit facility

     25,800        —          —          25,800   

Repayments on revolving credit facility

     (19,500     —          —          (19,500

Scheduled principal payments on term loans

     (2,814     —          —          (2,814

Principal payments on capital leases

     —          (20     —          (20

Deferred financing fees

     (330     —          —          (330
                                

Net cash provided from (used for) financing activities

     3,156        (20     —          3,136   
                                

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     1,228        20        —          1,248   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     42        3,102        —          3,144   
                                

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 1,270      $ 3,122      $ —        $ 4,392   
                                

 

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CARROLS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

Three Months Ended March 31, 2010

(In thousands of dollars)

(Unaudited)

 

     Parent
Company
Only
    Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated
Total
 

Cash flows provided from (used for) operating activities:

        

Net income

   $ 2,316      $ 3,165      $ (3,165   $ 2,316   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from operating activities:

        

Loss on disposals of property and equipment

     —          64        —          64   

Stock-based compensation expense

     265        128        —          393   

Impairment and other lease charges

     —          270        —          270   

Depreciation and amortization

     —          8,642        (520     8,122   

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     235        64        (60     239   

Amortization of deferred gains from sale-leaseback transactions

     —          (444     (386     (830

Accretion of interest on lease financing obligations

     —          103        (89     14   

Deferred income taxes

     —          (359     339        (20

Accrued income taxes

     2,814        —          —          2,814   

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities

     (9,381     (8,006     3,881        (13,506
                                

Net cash provided from (used for) operating activities

     (3,751     3,627        —          (124
                                

Cash flows used for investing activities:

        

Capital expenditures:

        

New restaurant development

     —          (1,192     —          (1,192

Restaurant remodeling

     —          (1,993     —          (1,993

Other restaurant capital expenditures

     —          (2,203     —          (2,203

Corporate and restaurant information systems

     (362     (30     —          (392
                                

Total capital expenditures

     (362     (5,418     —          (5,780

Properties purchased for sale-leaseback

     —          (1,141     —          (1,141

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions

     —          —          2,319        2,319   
                                

Net cash used for investing activities

     (362     (6,559     2,319        (4,602
                                

Cash flows provided from financing activities:

        

Borrowings on revolving credit facility

     41,700        —          —          41,700   

Repayments on revolving credit facility

     (33,400     —          —          (33,400

Principal pre-payments on term loans

     (1,023         (1,023

Scheduled principal payments on term loans

     (2,971     —          —          (2,971

Principal payments on capital leases

     —          (22     —          (22

Proceeds from lease financing obligations

     —          2,429        (2,429     —     

Financing costs associated with issuance of lease financing obligations

     —          (110     110        —     

Proceeds from stock option exercises

     11        —          —          11   
                                

Net cash provided from financing activities

     4,317        2,297        (2,319     4,295   
                                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     204        (635     —          (431

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     34        4,368        —          4,402   
                                

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 238      $ 3,733      $ —        $ 3,971   
                                

 

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Table of Contents

ITEM 2—MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we refer to Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. as “Carrols Restaurant Group” and, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as “we”, “our” and “us” unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires. Any reference to “Carrols” refers to our wholly-owned subsidiary, Carrols Corporation, a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires. This combined Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is filed by both Carrols Restaurant Group and its wholly owned subsidiary, Carrols.

We use a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. All references herein to the fiscal years ended January 2, 2011 and January 3, 2010 will be referred to as the fiscal years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Similarly, all references herein to the three months ended April 3, 2011 and April 4, 2010 will be referred to as the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The fiscal years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 contained 52 weeks and 53 weeks, respectively, and the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 each contained thirteen weeks, respectively.

Introduction

Carrols Restaurant Group is a holding company and conducts all of its operations through its direct and indirect subsidiaries and has no assets other than the shares of capital stock of Carrols, its direct wholly-owned subsidiary. The following “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (“MD&A”) relates to the consolidated financial statements of Carrols Restaurant Group and the consolidated financial statements for Carrols presented in Item 1.

The difference between the consolidated financial statements of Carrols Restaurant Group and Carrols is primarily due to additional rent expense of approximately $6,000 per year for Carrols Restaurant Group and the composition of stockholders’ equity.

The following MD&A is written to help the reader understand our company. The MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying financial statement notes of each of Carrols Restaurant Group and Carrols appearing elsewhere in this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010. The overview provides our perspective on the individual sections of MD&A, which include the following:

Company Overview—a general description of our business and our key financial measures.

Recent and Future Events Affecting Our Results of Operations—a description of recent events that affect, and future events that may affect, our results of operations.

Executive Summary—an executive review of our performance for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Results of Operations—an analysis of our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2010, including a review of material items and known trends and uncertainties.

Liquidity and Capital Resources—an analysis of historical information regarding our sources of cash and capital expenditures, the existence and timing of commitments and contingencies, changes in capital resources and a discussion of cash flow items affecting liquidity.

Application of Critical Accounting Policies—an overview of accounting policies requiring critical judgments and estimates.

Effects of New Accounting Standards—a discussion of new accounting standards and any implications related to our financial statements.

Forward Looking Statements—cautionary information about forward-looking statements and a description of certain risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from our historical results or our current expectations or projections.

 

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Company Overview

We are one of the largest restaurant companies in the United States operating three restaurant brands in the quick-casual and quick-service restaurant segments with 550 restaurants located in 16 states as of April 3, 2011. We have been operating restaurants for more than 50 years. We own and operate two Hispanic restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana (together referred to by us as our Hispanic Brands), which we acquired in 1998 and 2000, respectively. We are also the largest Burger King franchisee, based on the number of restaurants, and have operated Burger King restaurants since 1976. As of April 3, 2011, our company-owned restaurants included 90 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 156 Taco Cabana restaurants, and we operated 304 Burger King restaurants under franchise agreements.

We are franchising our Pollo Tropical restaurants primarily internationally and, as of April 3, 2011, we had 29 franchised restaurants located in Puerto Rico, Ecuador, Honduras, Trinidad, the Bahamas and on college campuses in Florida. We also have agreements for the future development of franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants in Panama, Tobago, Aruba, Curacao, Bonaire, and Venezuela. Although we are not actively franchising our Taco Cabana restaurants, we had five Taco Cabana franchised restaurants at April 3, 2011 located in the United States.

We believe that the diversification and strength of our restaurant brands as well as the geographic dispersion of our restaurants provide us with stability and enhanced growth opportunities. For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, we had total revenues of $197.2 million and $195.1 million, respectively.

The following is an overview of the key financial measures discussed in our results of operations:

 

   

Restaurant sales consist of food and beverage sales, net of discounts, at our company-owned and operated restaurants. Restaurant sales are influenced by menu price increases, new restaurant openings, closures of restaurants and changes in comparable restaurant sales. Restaurants are included in comparable restaurant sales after they have been open for 12 months for our Burger King restaurants and 18 months for our Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants. For comparative purposes, the calculation of the changes in comparable restaurant sales is based on a 52-week year.

 

   

Cost of sales consists of food, paper and beverage costs including packaging costs, less purchase discounts. Cost of sales is generally influenced by changes in commodity costs, the sales mix of items sold and the effectiveness of our restaurant-level controls to manage food and paper costs. Key commodities for our Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants, including chicken and beef, are generally purchased under contracts for future periods up to one year.

 

   

Restaurant wages and related expenses include all restaurant management and hourly productive labor costs, employer payroll taxes, restaurant-level bonuses and related benefits. Payroll and related benefits are subject to inflation, including minimum wage increases and increased costs for health insurance, workers’ compensation insurance and state unemployment insurance.

 

   

Restaurant rent expense includes base rent and contingent rent on our leases characterized as operating leases, reduced by the amortization of gains on sale-leaseback transactions.

 

   

Other restaurant operating expenses include all other restaurant-level operating costs, the major components of which are royalty expenses for our Burger King restaurants, utilities, repairs and maintenance, real estate taxes and credit card fees.

 

   

Advertising expense includes all promotional expenses including television, radio, billboards and other media for our Hispanic Brand restaurants and advertising payments based on a percentage of sales as required under our franchise agreements for our Burger King restaurants.

 

   

General and administrative expenses are comprised primarily of (1) salaries and expenses associated with corporate and administrative functions that support the development and operations of our restaurants, (2) legal, auditing and other professional fees and (3) stock-based compensation expense.

 

   

Adjusted Segment EBITDA, which is the measure of segment profit or loss used by our chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to our segments and assessing their performance, is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable segment before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, stock-based compensation expense, other income and expense and gains and losses on the extinguishment of debt. Adjusted Segment EBITDA may not be necessarily comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in methods of calculation. Adjusted Segment EBITDA for our Burger King restaurants includes general and administrative expenses related directly to the Burger King segment as well as the expenses associated with administrative support to all three of our segments including executive management, information systems and certain accounting, legal and other administrative functions.

 

   

Depreciation and amortization primarily includes the depreciation of fixed assets, including equipment, owned buildings and leasehold improvements utilized in our restaurants, depreciation of assets under lease financing obligations and the amortization of Burger King franchise rights and franchise fees.

 

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Interest expense consists primarily of interest expense associated with Carrols’ 9% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 (the “Notes”), borrowings under our senior credit facility, amortization of deferred financing costs and imputed interest expense on leases entered into in connection with sale-leaseback transactions which are accounted for as lease financing obligations. Interest expense also includes any gains and losses from the settlement of lease financing obligations. Interest on borrowings under our senior credit facility is generally based on LIBOR plus a current margin of 1.0% or prime as we designate. Consequently, changes in LIBOR rates or prime will impact our interest expense.

Recent and Future Events Affecting our Results of Operations

Spin-off of Hispanic Brands

On February 24, 2011 we announced our intention to pursue splitting our business into two separate, publicly-traded companies through the tax-free spin-off of our Hispanic Brands to our stockholders. The company to be spun off would operate our Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana businesses. Carrols Restaurant Group would continue to own and operate our franchised Burger King restaurants.

We are developing detailed plans for the proposed spin-off. The spin-off, including the separation plan transaction structure, timing, composition of senior management and the boards of directors, capital structure and other matters, will be subject to approval by our Board of Directors, customary regulatory and other approvals and the receipt of a favorable IRS tax ruling, among other things.

We believe that the proposed spin-off will enable each company to better focus on its respective opportunities as well as to pursue its own distinct plan and growth strategy including acquisition opportunities in the Burger King system. We expect to complete the spin-off by the end of 2011; however there can be no assurance that we will complete the spin-off by then or at all.

Refinancing of Outstanding Indebtedness

We are in the process of refinancing our existing debt with a separate financing of the Burger King and Hispanic Brand businesses. We currently contemplate that the refinancing would be comprised of term loan borrowings under a senior secured bank credit facility for our Burger King business and the issuance of senior secured notes for our Hispanic Brands. Our intent in bifurcating the financing is to facilitate the contemplated spin-off of our Hispanic Brands at a later date, and avoid having to alter or reconstitute the capital structure at that time. Presently, our plan is to complete this refinancing in the middle of 2011; however there can be no assurance that the refinancing will be completed within such time period, on favorable terms, or at all. Due to the interest rate terms in our existing senior credit facility it is likely that the refinancing will increase our interest expense in the aggregate.

Future Restaurant Closures

We evaluate the performance of our Burger King restaurants on an ongoing basis including an assessment of the current and future operating results of the restaurant, and in relation to Burger King franchise agreement renewals, the cost of required capital improvements. We may elect to close restaurants based on such evaluation. In 2010, we closed seven Burger King restaurants, not including restaurants relocated within the same market area. In the first quarter of 2011 we closed one Burger King restaurant, not including a restaurant relocated within the same market area. We currently anticipate that we will close an additional six Burger King restaurants in 2011, excluding any relocations.

We also closed two underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants and two underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants in 2010 and one underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurant in the first quarter of 2011. We do not currently anticipate the closing of additional Taco Cabana or Pollo Tropical restaurants in 2011.

We do not believe that the future impact on our consolidated results of operations from such restaurant closures will be material, although there can be no assurance in this regard. Our determination of whether to close restaurants in the future is subject to further evaluation and may change.

Executive Summary—Operating Performance for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011

Total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2011 increased to $197.2 million from $195.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2010. Revenues from our Hispanic Brand restaurants increased 7.5% to $115.6 million and revenues from our Burger King restaurants decreased to $81.6 million from $87.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2010. Comparable restaurant sales in the first quarter of 2011 increased 13.5% at our Pollo Tropical restaurants, increased 2.0% at our Taco Cabana restaurants and decreased 5.0% at our Burger King restaurants. The comparable restaurant sales increase at our Pollo Tropical restaurants was a result of higher customer traffic, the increase at our Taco Cabana restaurants was primarily due to an increase in average check while the decrease at our Burger King restaurants was due primarily to a decline in customer traffic partially offset by an increase in average check.

Restaurant operating margins at our Hispanic Brands were positively impacted in the first quarter of 2011 by the effect of higher sales on fixed labor costs and lower medical claim costs. As a percentage of total restaurant sales, restaurant wages and related expenses decreased to 29.7% in the first quarter of 2011 from 30.4% in the first quarter of 2010. Cost of sales increased 0.2%, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, compared to the first quarter of 2010, due to higher commodity prices at all three of our restaurant brands. These increases were partially offset by favorable sales mix changes at our Burger King and Pollo Tropical restaurants as well as menu price increases taken in the last twelve months at our Burger King and Taco Cabana restaurants. Advertising expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 3.8% in the first quarter of 2011 from 3.5% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to higher advertising spending for our Taco Cabana restaurants due to the timing of promotions. Operating results were favorably impacted by lower utility costs which, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, decreased to 3.4% in the first quarter of 2011 from 3.6% in the first quarter of 2010.

 

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General and administrative expenses increased to $13.9 million in the first quarter of 2011 from $12.5 million in the first quarter of 2010 due to higher legal and professional fees, administrative bonus accruals, stock-based compensation expense. Legal and professional fees the first quarter of 2011 included $0.3 million incurred in connection with the planned spin-off of our Hispanic Brands.

Interest expense decreased $0.1 million to $4.6 million in the first quarter of 2011 due primarily to a reduction in our total outstanding indebtedness since the beginning of 2010.

Our effective income tax rate, including discrete tax items, was 32.4% in the first quarter of 2011 compared to 38.2% in the first quarter of 2010.

As a result of the above, our net income decreased slightly to $2.2 million in the first quarter of 2011 from $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2010.

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2010

The following table sets forth, for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, selected operating results as a percentage of consolidated restaurant sales:

 

     2011     2010  

Restaurant sales:

    

Pollo Tropical

     26.4     23.2

Taco Cabana

     32.1     31.8

Burger King

     41.5     45.0
                

Total restaurant sales

     100.0     100.0

Costs and expenses:

    

Cost of sales

     30.6     30.4

Restaurant wages and related expenses

     29.7     30.4

Restaurant rent expense

     6.1     6.3

Other restaurant operating expenses

     14.2     14.5

Advertising expense

     3.8     3.5

General and administrative

     7.0     6.4

Since the beginning of 2010 through the end of the first quarter of 2011, we have opened two new Pollo Tropical restaurants, two new Taco Cabana restaurants and two new Burger King restaurants. The two new Burger King restaurants were relocations within their market areas. During the same period we closed eight Burger King restaurants, excluding relocations, three Pollo Tropical restaurants and two Taco Cabana restaurants.

Restaurant Sales. Total restaurant sales for the first quarter of 2011 increased $2.2 million, or 1.1%, to $196.9 million due to a 7.7% increase in sales at our Hispanic Brand restaurants. Total restaurant sales at our Hispanic Brand restaurants were $115.3 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $107.0 million in the first quarter of 2010.

Pollo Tropical restaurant sales increased 15.2% to $51.9 million due primarily to an increase in comparable restaurant sales of 13.5% resulting from an increase in customer traffic in the first quarter of 2011 of 13.3%, compared to the first quarter of 2010. Our average check at our Pollo Tropical restaurants was essentially flat, compared to the first quarter of 2010. The effect of menu price increases in the first quarter of 2011 was 0.2% due to a modest price increase taken in the first quarter of 2011. There were no menu price increases at our Pollo Tropical restaurants in 2010.

Taco Cabana restaurant sales increased 2.2% to $63.3 million due primarily to an increase in comparable restaurant sales of 2.0% in the first quarter of 2011 due primarily to a 1.6% increase in average check, compared to the first quarter of 2010, and a slight increase in customer traffic. The effect of menu price increases taken in the last twelve months was approximately 2.1%, compared to the first quarter of 2010. The average check increase in 2011 also reflects the effect of menu mix changes from product promotions.

 

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Burger King restaurant sales decreased $6.0 million to $81.6 million in the first quarter of 2011 due to a 5.0% decrease in comparable restaurant sales in the first quarter of 2011 due to lower customer traffic and from the closure, excluding relocated restaurants, of eight Burger King restaurants since the beginning of 2010. The effect of menu price increases taken in the second and third quarters of 2010 was approximately 4.2%, compared to the first quarter of 2010, however the average check at our Burger King restaurants increased 8.0% in the first quarter of 2011 compared to the first quarter of 2010 reflecting the effect of menu mix changes and product promotions.

Pollo Tropical Operating Costs and Expenses (percentages stated as a percentage of Pollo Tropical restaurant sales). Pollo Tropical cost of sales increased to 33.0% in the first quarter of 2011 from 32.6% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to higher chicken commodity prices (0.6%) offset partially by favorable menu item sales mix shifts. Pollo Tropical restaurant wages and related expenses decreased to 23.7% in the first quarter of 2011 from 25.7% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to the effect of higher sales volumes on fixed labor costs, lower workers compensation claim costs (0.8%) and lower medical claim costs (0.4%). Pollo Tropical other restaurant operating expenses decreased to 12.2% in the first quarter of 2011 from 13.1% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to lower real estate taxes (0.4%), lower utility costs (0.2%) and the effect of higher sales volumes on fixed operating costs. Pollo Tropical advertising expense decreased to 2.5% in the first quarter of 2011 from 2.9% in the first quarter of 2010 due to the timing of promotions. For all of 2011 our Pollo Tropical advertising expenses are expected to be approximately 2.6% to 2.8% of Pollo Tropical restaurant sales.

Taco Cabana Operating Costs and Expenses (percentages stated as a percentage of Taco Cabana restaurant sales). Taco Cabana cost of sales increased to 30.3% in the first quarter of 2011 from 29.9% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to higher commodity prices (0.8%) partially offset by the effect of menu price increases taken in 2010. Taco Cabana restaurant wages and related expenses decreased to 30.5% in the first quarter of 2011 from 31.2% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to lower medical claim costs (0.6%) and, to a lesser extent, the effect of menu price increases and higher sales volumes on fixed labor costs. Taco Cabana other restaurant operating expenses decreased to 13.3% in the first quarter of 2011 from 14.1% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to lower utility costs (0.5%) and the reduction of operating supply costs (0.2%). Taco Cabana advertising expense increased to 4.4% in the first quarter of 2011 from 3.2% in the fourth quarter of 2010 due to the timing of promotions. For all of 2011 our Taco Cabana advertising expenses are expected to be approximately 4.0% to 4.2% of Taco Cabana restaurant sales.

Burger King Operating Costs and Expenses (percentages stated as a percentage of Burger King restaurant sales). Burger King cost of sales decreased to 29.4% in the first quarter of 2011 from 29.6% in the first quarter of 2010 due to a favorable sales mix compared to the first quarter of 2010 from lower sales of the discounted double cheeseburger (2.1%) and the effect of menu price increases taken in the last twelve months (1.4%), substantially offset by higher commodity prices (2.4%), including beef, and higher sales discounts. Burger King restaurant wages and related expenses increased to 33.0% in the first quarter of 2011 from 32.2% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to the effect of lower sales volumes on fixed labor costs and higher medical and workers compensation claim costs (0.4%). Burger King other restaurant operating expenses increased to 16.1% in the first quarter of 2011 from 15.5% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to the effect of lower sales volumes on fixed operating costs and higher real estate tax expense (0.2%). Burger King advertising expense was 4.1% in both the first quarter of 2011 and the first quarter of 2010. For all of 2011 our Burger King advertising expenses are expected to be approximately 4.0% to 4.2% of Burger King restaurant sales.

Consolidated Restaurant Rent Expense. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, decreased to 6.1% in the first quarter of 2011 from 6.3% in the first quarter of 2010 due primarily to the effect of significant sales increases in the first quarter of 2011 at our Pollo Tropical restaurants on fixed rental costs.

Consolidated General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses increased $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2011 to $13.9 million and, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 7.0% compared to 6.4% in the first quarter of 2010. The increase in the first quarter of 2011 was due to higher legal and professional fees of $0.7 million, which included $0.3 million incurred in connection with the planned spin-off of our Hispanic Brands, an increase of $0.5 million in performance-based administrative bonuses compared to the first quarter of 2010 and higher stock-based compensation expense of $0.3 million.

Adjusted Segment EBITDA. As a result of the factors set forth above, Adjusted Segment EBITDA for our Pollo Tropical restaurants increased to $10.1 million in the first quarter of 2011 from $6.7 million in the first quarter of 2010. Adjusted Segment EBITDA for our Taco Cabana restaurants decreased to $6.5 million in the first quarter of 2011 from $6.8 million in the first quarter of 2010. Adjusted Segment EBITDA for our Burger King restaurants decreased to $1.1 million in the first quarter of 2011 from $3.8 million in the first quarter of 2010.

Adjusted Segment EBITDA for our Burger King segment includes general and administrative expenses related directly to the Burger King segment as well as expenses associated with administrative support to the Company’s Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana segments for executive management, information systems and certain accounting, legal and other administrative functions of $1.4 million and $1.9 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and $1.1 million and $1.4 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2010.

 

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Depreciation and Amortization Expense. Depreciation and amortization expense was $8.1 million in both the first quarter of 2011 and the first quarter of 2010.

Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges were $1.1 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $0.3 million in the first quarter of 2010. In the first quarter of 2011 impairment and other lease charges included $0.8 million for the impairment of five underperforming Burger King restaurants and $0.2 million in lease charges for a Pollo Tropical restaurant that was closed in the first quarter of 2011 and whose assets were previously impaired in 2010. In the first quarter of 2010 impairment and other lease charges included a lease charge of $0.2 million related to a non-operating Taco Cabana property due to a reduction of estimated cost recoveries from subletting the property through the end of the remaining lease term.

Interest Expense. Total interest expense decreased $0.1 million to $4.6 million in the first quarter of 2011 due to a reduction in our LIBOR based borrowings of $16.1 million since the beginning of 2010. The weighted average interest rate on our long-term debt, excluding lease financing obligations, increased to 6.2% in the first quarter of 2011 from 5.9% in the first quarter of 2010. Interest expense on lease financing obligations decreased to $0.2 million in the first quarter of 2011 from $0.3 million in the first quarter of 2010.

Provision for Income Taxes. The provision for income taxes for the first quarter of 2011 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for 2011 of 32.4%, which excludes any discrete tax adjustments. There were no discrete tax adjustments in the first quarter of 2011. The provision for income taxes for the first quarter of 2010 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate for 2010 of 37.0%, which excluded any discrete tax adjustments. Discrete tax adjustments increased the provision for income taxes by $46,000 in the first quarter of 2010 and resulted in an overall tax rate of 38.2%. The decrease in our effective tax rate compared to that used in the first quarter of 2010 was due to primarily to a lower projected Federal income tax rate of 34% in 2011 compared to 35% in 2010 and higher Work Opportunity tax credits.

Net Income. As a result of the foregoing, net income was $2.2 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2010.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We do not have significant receivables or inventory and receive trade credit based upon negotiated terms in purchasing food products and other supplies. We are able to operate with a substantial working capital deficit because:

 

   

restaurant operations are primarily conducted on a cash basis;

 

   

rapid turnover results in a limited investment in inventories; and

 

   

cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for food, supplies and payroll become due.

In response to economic conditions we have and will continue to focus on reducing our debt balances and our financial leverage, particularly in the near term. We limited our spending on new restaurant development in 2009 and 2010 which allowed us to utilize our free cash flow to reduce our outstanding indebtedness. We are continuing to moderate new restaurant growth in 2011.

We currently plan to refinance our existing debt and to separately finance the Burger King and Hispanic Brand businesses to facilitate the contemplated spin-off. We currently contemplate that the refinancing would be comprised of term loan borrowings under a senior secured bank credit facility for our Burger King business and the issuance of senior secured notes for our Hispanic Brands. Presently, our plan is to complete this refinancing in the middle of 2011; however there can be no assurance that the refinancing will be completed by then, on favorable terms, or at all. Due to the interest rate terms in our existing senior credit facility it is likely that the refinancing will increase our interest expense in the aggregate.

Interest payments under our debt obligations, capital expenditures and payments related to our lease obligations represent significant liquidity requirements for us. We believe cash generated from our operations, availability of borrowing under our revolving credit facility and proceeds from anticipated sale-leaseback transactions will provide sufficient cash availability to cover our anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and debt service requirements for the next twelve months.

Operating Activities. Net cash provided from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2011 increased $4.7 million to $4.6 million, compared to the first quarter of 2010, due to a reduction in the components of net working capital of $3.7 million and an increase in net income, adjusted for non-cash items including depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges and stock-based compensation expense.

Investing Activities. Net cash used for investing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was $6.6 million and $4.6 million, respectively. Capital expenditures are the largest component of our investing activities and include: (1) new restaurant development, which may include the purchase of real estate; (2) restaurant remodeling, which includes the renovation or rebuilding of the interior and exterior of our existing restaurants, including expenditures associated with Burger King franchise renewals; (3) other restaurant capital expenditures, which include capital maintenance expenditures for the ongoing reinvestment and enhancement of our restaurants; and (4) corporate and restaurant information systems, including expenditures in 2011 for new point-of-sale systems for our Burger King restaurants.

 

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The following table sets forth our capital expenditures for the periods presented (in thousands):

 

     Pollo
Tropical
     Taco
Cabana
     Burger
King
     Other      Consolidated  

Three months ended March 31, 2011:

              

New restaurant development

   $ 98       $ 2,445       $ 864       $ —         $ 3,407   

Restaurant remodeling

     748         769         1,482         —           2,999   

Other restaurant capital expenditures (1)

     346         627         512         —           1,485   

Corporate and restaurant information systems

     —           —           —           545         545   
                                            

Total capital expenditures

   $ 1,192       $ 3,841       $ 2,858       $ 545       $ 8,436   
                                            

Number of new restaurant openings (2)

     —           1         1            2   

Three months ended March 31, 2010:

              

New restaurant development

   $ —         $ 89       $ 1,103       $ —         $ 1,192   

Restaurant remodeling

     243         514         1,236         —           1,993   

Other restaurant capital expenditures (1)

     558         687         958         —           2,203   

Corporate and restaurant information systems

     —           —           —           392         392   
                                            

Total capital expenditures

   $ 801       $ 1,290       $ 3,297       $ 392       $ 5,780   
                                            

Number of new restaurant openings

     —           —           —              —     

 

1) Excludes restaurant repair and maintenance expenses included in other restaurant operating expenses in our consolidated financial statements. For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, total restaurant repair and maintenance expenses were approximately $4.8 million and $4.4 million, respectively.
2) Includes a Burger King restaurant which was relocated within the same market area under a new franchise agreement.

In 2011, we anticipate that total capital expenditures will range from $45 million to $55 million, although the actual amount of capital expenditures may differ from these estimates. In 2011 we plan to open five to seven new Hispanic Brand restaurants and to relocate one Burger King restaurant. Capital expenditures in 2011 are expected to include approximately $10 million to $15 million for the development of new restaurants and purchase of related real estate. Capital expenditures in 2011 also are expected to include expenditures of approximately $25 million to $30 million for the ongoing reinvestment in our three restaurant concepts for remodeling costs and capital maintenance expenditures and approximately $10 million of other expenditures, including approximately $6.0 million for new point-of-sale systems at our Burger King restaurants.

Investing activities also include sale-leaseback transactions related to our restaurant properties, the net proceeds from which were $1.9 million and $2.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The net proceeds from these sales were used to reduce outstanding borrowings under our senior credit facility. In the first quarter of 2010 we also purchased one of our restaurant properties for $1.1 million for a future sale-leaseback transaction.

Financing Activities. Net cash provided from financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 was $3.2 million and $4.3 million, respectively, due to net revolver borrowings of $6.3 million and $8.3 million in the first quarter of 2011 and 2010, respectively. Principal payments on our term loan under our senior credit facility were $2.8 million and $4.0 million in the first quarter of 2011 and 2010, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2011 we also deferred $0.3 million of financing costs pertaining to our planned 2011 refinancing activities.

Senior Credit Facility. The senior credit facility consists of term loan A borrowings maturing on March 9, 2013 (or earlier on September 30, 2012 if the Notes are not refinanced by June 30, 2012) and a $65.0 million revolving credit facility (including a sub limit of up to $25.0 million for letters of credit and up to $5.0 million for swingline loans) maturing on March 8, 2012.

 

 

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Both term loan and revolving credit borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a per annum rate, at Carrols’ option, of either:

1) the applicable margin ranging from 0% to 0.25% based on our senior leverage ratio (as defined in the senior credit facility), plus the greater of (i) the prime rate or (ii) the federal funds rate for that day plus 0.5%; or

2) Adjusted LIBOR plus the applicable margin percentage in effect ranging from 1.0% to 1.5% based on our senior leverage ratio. At April 3, 2011 the LIBOR margin percentage was 1.0%.

At April 3, 2011, outstanding term loan A borrowings were $84.4 million with the remaining balance due and payable as follows:

1) Four quarterly installments of approximately $4.2 million beginning on June 30, 2011; and

2) Four quarterly installments of approximately $16.9 million beginning on June 30, 2012.

Under the senior credit facility, Carrols is also required to make mandatory prepayments of principal on term loan A facility borrowings (a) annually in an amount up to 50% of Excess Cash Flow depending upon Carrols’ Total Leverage Ratio (as such terms are defined in the senior credit facility), (b) in the event of certain dispositions of assets (all subject to certain exceptions) and insurance proceeds, in an amount equal to 100% of the net proceeds received by Carrols therefrom, and (c) in an amount equal to 100% of the net proceeds from any subsequent issuance of debt. The senior credit facility contains customary default provisions as provided therein, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under the senior credit facility if there is a default in the payment of any principal of or interest on any indebtedness of Carrols having an outstanding principal amount of at least $2.5 million (excluding lease financing obligations but which would include the Indenture governing the Notes) or any event or condition which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity.

In general, obligations under the senior credit facility are guaranteed by us and all of Carrols’ material subsidiaries and are collateralized by a pledge of Carrols’ common stock and the stock of each of Carrols’ material subsidiaries. The senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting Carrols’ ability to incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the nature of Carrols business, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments or pay dividends. In addition, Carrols is required to meet certain financial ratios, including fixed charge coverage, senior leverage, and total leverage ratios (all as defined under the senior credit facility). Carrols was in compliance as of April 3, 2011 with the covenants in the senior credit facility. At April 3, 2011, Carrols fixed charge coverage ratio was 1.40 to 1.00 compared to the minimum required fixed charge ratio of 1.20 to 1.00, Carrols senior leverage ratio was 1.29 to 1.00 compared to the allowed senior leverage ratio of 2.00 to 1.00, and Carrols total leverage ratio was 3.37 to 1.00 compared to the allowed total leverage ratio of 4.00 to 1.00.

Notes. On December 15, 2004, Carrols issued $180.0 million of Notes that bear interest at a rate of 9% payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 and mature on January 15, 2013. The notes are currently redeemable at the option of Carrols in whole or in part at a price equal to the principal amount plus accrued interest to the date of redemption.

The Notes are unsecured and guaranteed by Carrols’ material subsidiaries. Restrictive covenants under the Notes include limitations with respect to, among other things, Carrols’ and its material subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional debt, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, pay dividends and make certain investments. The Indenture governing the Notes contains customary default provisions as provided therein, including without limitation, a cross default prov